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QUO The writ of quo warrant° (by what authority), is in the nature of a writ of right for the king or state against him who claims or usurps any office, franchise, or liberty, to inquire by what author ity he supports his claim, in order to determine the right. It lies also against him who holds after cause for forfeiture, or who holds unlawfully after expira tion of term.

By virtue of statutes, an information in the nature of quo warranto, without a resort to the prerogative writ, may be brought, by leave of court, at the rela tion of any person desiring to prosecute the same (who is called the relator), ap-,ainst any person usurp ing, intruding into or unlawfully holding a franchise or office in any city, borough or town corporate. The relator must have been in some way injured by the act complained of, though not necessarily specially injured. If the defendant be convicted, judgment of ouster may be given against him, and he may also be fined.

In England, an information on behalf of the Crown, filed in the Exchequer by the king's attorney general, is a method of suit for recovering money or chattels due to the king, or for obtaining satisfaction in damages for any personal wrong committed to the land or other possessions of the Crown. It is ground ed merely upon the intimation of the attorney general, who "gives the court to understand and be informed of" the matter in question, whereupon the party in formed against is put to his answer, and trial is had as between private subjects.

writ and person