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The Roman Classification


THE ROMAN CLASSIFICATION. In the Roman Classification there are six sorts of bailments, designated according to the kind of service to be rendered, and whether or not compensated, these are: 1. "Depositum," or deposit. By which is meant a naked bailment of goods to be kept for the bailor with out recompense.

2. "11,Iandatum," or commission. A bailment of goods, also without reward, to have some act per formed about them, or simply to be carried from place to place.

3. "Commodatum," or loan. Which is a gratuitous bailment or loan of goods to be used by the bailee for a certain time or specified purpose.

4. "Pignus," also "vadium," or pledge. This is a bailment of goods by a debtor to his creditor in pledge, or as security for the payment of a debt or the per formance of an obligation. This includes pawns.

5. "Mutuum," or loan for consumption. This was a sort of bailment in which the goods could be consumed by the bailee, and repaid in others of the same kind, as in the bailment of corn or oil, to be returned in like amount, but not the identical property. This is not recognized as a bailment in English law.

6. "Locatum," or hiring. This sort of bailment is al ways for reward, and includes four kinds of hiring: (a) Hiring of a thing for use, as a livery rig.

(b) Hiring of work and labor upon a thing.

(c) of care and services.

(d) Hiring of the carriage of goods.

bailment and hiring