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What Acts May Be Ratified

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WHAT ACTS MAY BE RATIFIED. The power to ratify the acts of another done in one's behalf is as broad in its scope as the power to delegate; and, conversely, if the act is one which the principal could not lawfully authorize another to do for him, he cannot lawfully ratify it. Thus, void acts, illegal acts, and acts against public policy cannot be ratified (Ar mitage v. Widoe, 36 Mich. 124; Harrison v. McHen ry, 9 Ga. 164), but acts which are merely voidable may be ratified. A tortious act, ratified with knowledge of the facts, binds the principal the same as though found ed on contract. (Tucker v. Jerris, 75 Me. 184; Gris wold v. Haven, 25 N. Y. 595.) It is in dispute whether a forgery may be ratified. Professor Mechem states that the difference in the au thorities is caused by the fact that the State, as well as the party whose name is forged, has an interest in the matter. He thinks a ratification would not preclude the right of the State to punish the criminal, but would be sufficient to make valid the unauthorized writing of the principal.

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