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Rambouillets
Rambouillets In 1786 The French Government Imported From Spain 383 Selected Spanish Merinos. These Sheep Were Kept Chiefly At Rambouillet, Where They Have Been Carefully Bred By Rigid Selection And Liberal Feeding And Greatly Improved In Mutton Form, Quality Of Meat And Weight, Without The Introduc Tion Of Any Outside ...

Ration Experiments
Ration Experiments In Nebraska, Haecker Carried On A Series Of Experi Ments To Test The Value Of Certain Rations Containing Fat For Replacing The Cream In Skim Milk For Calves. In His Experi Ments, Linseed Meal, Germ Oil Meal, Corn Oil, Shelled Corn, Oats And Bran Were Used. In Accordance ...

Refrigeration On
Refrigeration On Vesselsthere Re Main For Consideration Some Of The Other Commercial Uses Of Refrigeration Of Am Mal Food Products. On Meat Transport Vessels Actual Freezing Is Usually Resorted To In Order To Make Sure That Decom Position Is Prevented As Far As Possible. Australia Exports About 7,000,000 Frozen Rabbits ...

Registration Numbers
Registration Numbers When The Ped Igree Of An Animal Is Received The Sec Retary Of The Society Assigns To It A Number In The Order In Which It Is Re Ceived. These Numbers Are Known As The Registration Numbers. They Are Entered In The Book Variously Called Stud Book, Herd ...

Reindeer And Caribou
Reindeer And Caribou While Some Scientists Recognize Seven Or More Species Of Reindeer And Caribou They Are For Practical Purposes All One And The Same Thing, The Scientific Name Being Pangifer Tarandus. Their Natural Habitat Is The Northern Regions Of Both Continents, Alaska, British America, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, And ...

Relative Age Of Parents
Relative Age Of Parents It Has Been Claimed By Hofacker And Sadler That Female Offspring Predominate When The Sire Is Younger Than The Dam And Male When The Sire Is The Older. The Results Thus Far Obtained In Testing This Theory Are By No Means Uniform And Do Not Prove ...

Rice Meal
Rice Meal Was Compared In Alabama With Corn Meal For Calves, The Calves Being Allowed Small Quantities Of Japan Clover Hay. It Was Found Somewhat Dif Ficult To Induce The Calves To Eat A Suf Ficient Quantity Of Rice Meal, And It Therefore Became Necessary To Substitute Bran For One-third ...

Roots And Fruit For
Roots And Fruit For Isiilch Cows In Order To Produce Large Quantities Of Milk In An Economical Way, It Is Necessary To Add Considerable Succulence To The Rations For Dairy Cows. This May Be Accomplished By The Use Of Roots, Windfall Fruit, Soiling Crops, Silage Or Pasture. Applesthis Fruit, Especially ...

Ruffed Grouse
Ruffed Grouse Considerable Interest Attaches To The Preservation Of Our Native Game Birds And In This List The Ruffed Grouse Is A Favorite With Many Farmers. This Bird Is Often Considered Untamable, But Ac Cording To Iiodge "a Grouse Chick Hatched In An Incubator Or Under A Hen, From An ...

Rule
Rule 5 All Horses Should Be At The Stables The Clay Previous To The Sale. A Commission Will Be Charged On All "if Wind And Work Are Guaranteed, The Horse Must Be Sound In Wind, A Good Worker, Not A Cribber Or Heaver, And Everything Else Goes With Him. "a ...

Rye Grass
Rye Grass This Wild Grass Is Cut For Hay In Various Parts Of The Country. If Allowed To Get Too Ripe Before Cutting, It Is A Coarse Grass And Unpalatable. Rye Grass Is Also Subject To Infestation With Ergot And Should Not Be Used For Feed When The Heads Contain ...

Rye In A Steer
Rye In A Steer Feeding Experiment In Idaho, The Grain Ration For One Part Of The Fattening Period Consisted Of One Part Chopped Rye, One Part Bran And Two Parts Chopped Wheat. The Rate Of Gain During This Period Was Not So Good As When Chopped Wheat Was Fed Without ...

Rye Steers
Rye Steers Are Often Allowed To Graze On Green Rye. One Of The Advan Tages Of Rye Is That It Springs Up Early In The Season And Thus Furnishes A Suc Culent Green Food In Advance Of The Or Dinary Pasture Grasses. In Alabama, It Has Been Found That Rye ...

Rye
Rye Is One Of The Most Popular Of Early Crops Grown For Soiling. In Mary Land, Doane Made A Comparison Between Rye, Cowpea Silage, Corn Silage And Other Materials. In This Test, It Appeared That The Value Of Green Rye Has Been Much Overestimated, And In Many Instances It Will ...

Saccharine Diabetes
Saccharine Diabetes Is Another Form Of The Disease Primarily Due To An Affec Tion Of The Liver Rather Than Of The Kid Neys. The Chief Symptom Is The Secretion Of A Large Quantity Of Urine Containing Sugar. As Is Well Known, The Liver Has The Function Of Storing Sugar In ...

Saddle
Saddle Gaitsto Entitle Him To Reg Istry The Saddle Horse Must Possess Five Gaits Walk, Trot, Rack And Canter, And Either The Running Walk, Slow Pace Or Fast Trot. The Rack Is Also Known As The Single Foot Gait. The Color Of The Saddle Horse Is Bay, Brown, Black, Chest ...

Salt And Ashes A
Salt And Ashes-a Good Mixture To Keep In A Box To Which Hogs May Have Access At All Times Is Made Of Salt And Hard Wood Ashes In A Proportion Of Two Pounds Salt To A Bushel Of Ashes. Some Times A Few Ounces Of Copperas Is Added To This ...

Salt
Salt Is Well Known As An Antiseptic, And Is Used For This Purpose In The Pres Ervation Of Meats And Various Other Arti Cles Of Food. It Has Been Found By Experiments That Most Bacteria, Even Spore-bearing Species, Are Destroyed In A Short Time In Butter Which Contains 4 Per ...

Sanitation A Preventive
Sanitation A Preventive Crtile Kept Under Sanitary Conditions Are Less Liable To Become Infected Than Those Which Are Maintained Almost Continu Ally In Filthy Barns Without Proper Light Or Ventilation. Under Range Conditions, Where Cattle Are Outdoors Nearly All Of The Time, Tuberculosis Is Almost Un Known. In Herds Kept ...

Sausage Fillers
Sausage Fillers "fillers" Are Used By Packers To Increase The Weight By Absorbing Water And Thus To Prevent Shrinkage. Corn Flour, Rice Flour, And Starch Are Most Used For This Pur Pose. Corn Flour Is Considered Best, Since It Absorbs Water Rapidy And Does Not Ferment Readily. In This Respect ...

Scrapple
Scrapple Is Usually Made Like Head Cheese, Except That At The Second Cook Ing Corn Meal Is Stirred In Until The Whole Is Of The Consistency Of Mush, After Which It Is Cooked Slowly For One Hour. After Setting In A Mold It Is Sliced And Fried For Use. One ...

Season For Calf Production
Season For Calf Production The Majority Of Farmers In Illinois Prefer The Spring Season For Calves And This May Be Considered As The Usual Farm Practice Throughout The Country. There Is Considerable To Be Said In Favor Of Having The Calves Come In The Fall, Par Ticularly Since If They ...

Selection And Breeding Sows
Sows, Selection And Breeding The Sows Used To Breed Pigs For The Production Of Pork Should Be Selected From The Hest Animals In The Herd, And From Mothers That Are Prolific And Good Milkers. They Should All He Of Uniform Type And Of As Nearly The Same Color As Possible, ...

Selection Of Breeding Flock
Selection Of Breeding Flock First-class Males Will Cost $10 To $15 Each, And Should Be At Least Two Years Old When Purchased. The Hens Will Cost From $3 To $5 Each. Select Medium Sized Birds In Fair Condition, But Not Overly Fat And Which Give Every Indication Of Being Vigorous ...

Selling Stock By Auction
Selling Stock By Auction Another Method Of Disposing Of Surplus Stock Is That Of The Auction Sale. Such A Sale Must Be Advertised In The Papers. Usually The Beginner Will Find It Ad Vantageous To Join In With Other Breed Ers, In Holding An Auction At Some Cen Tral Point. ...

Selling Stock
Selling Stock After One Grown A Few Animals, The Question Arises As To How To Dispose Of The Surplus Stock. One Of The Many Ways Is To Select A Few Of The Best Animals And To Exhibit Them At The County Fairs. Ex Hibiting At Fairs The Animals Should Be ...

Separating Milk
Separating Milk Milk May Be Run Through The Separator Fresh From The Cows, Or, If Allowed To Become Cool, Should Be Heated Before Separation. In General, The Higher The Temperature The More Fluid The Milk And The Easier The Fat Is Removed. When Milk Is Heated After Becoming Cool The ...

Separators
Separators The Idea Of Separating Cream By Centrifugal Force Was Appar Ently First Suggested In 1859, But The Apparatus Devised For This Purpose Was Somewhat Clumsy And Unsatisfactory Un Til 1879, When The Weston And De Laval Separators Were Invented. The Essential Feature Of All Separators Is The Bowl Which ...

Sex And Ace
Sex And Ace Have An Important Bear Ing On The Prices Paid For Beef Cattle, Since The Quality Of Beef Produced From The Different Sources Varies Considerably. The Standard Beef Cattle Is The Steer. The Following Are The Average Prices Paid For Steers, Bulls, Stags, Cows And Heifers On Selected ...

Sex In
Sex In Ems As To The Sex Of The Eggs, It Is Claimed That Old Hens Mated With Cockerels Produce About 75 Per Cent Pul Lets, While If Mated With Males Of Their Own Age, About Equal Numbers Of Each Sex Are Produced. Long, Short Or Round Eggs All Appear ...

Sex Influenced By Feed
Sex Influenced By Feed Now, With Out Entering As Yet Into The Subject Of Determination Of Sex In Animals, It May Be Remarked That According To Numer Ous Experiments The Quality Of Nutri Tion Exercises Some Influence In Deter Mining The Sexuality Of The Germ Cell Both Before And After ...

Shearing Before Shipping
Shearing Before Shipping When Heavily Wooled, Fat Sheep Are Sent To Market, It Is Generally More Profitable To Shear Them And Sell The Wool Separately Than To Sell Sheep And Wool Together. Pelt Buyers Make A Slight Difference In Price, As Between Pelts With Light And Heavy Fleeces, But Not ...

Sheep Farming
Sheep Farming In Nearly Every State The General Farmer Maintains A Small Flock Of Sheep As A Part Of The Stock Of The Farm. Sheep Are The Farm Scavengers. They Keep Down The Weeds And Pick Up A Living In The Wood Lot And The Rough Lands That Cannot Be ...

Sheep On Weedy And
Sheep On Weedy And Brush Lands Sheep Are The Weed Scavengers Of The Farm. No Animal Consumes So Wide A Range Of Forage, Including All Weeds, And Even Thistles, When Young, As Sheep. This Gives Them A Special Value For Turn Ing Upon Stubble Fields, And Pastures Badly Infested With ...

Sheep Ranching In The
Sheep Ranching In The West Ern States Nearly Half Of The Sheep Grown In The United States Are Produced Under Range Conditions, And Primarily For Wool. The Within Recent Years, However, Sheep Men Have Found It Desirable To Provide Some Winter Food For The Sheep To Tide Them Over During ...

Sheep
Sheep The Earliest Glimpses Of History Show Man Herding And Tending Flocks Of Sheep. It Appears That Sheep Were First Raised Chiefly For Their Milk, Later For Their Skins, Which Were Used For Clothing, Then Wool Became A Primary Consideration, And Finally Great Britain, Chiefly Through The Work Of Robert ...

Shipping Hogs Alive
Shipping Hogs Alive By Far The Greater Quantity Of Hogs Will Be Mar Keted Alive In The Larger Packing Centers. Hogs For Shipment Should Be In Their Normal Condition When Driven On Board The Cars. Especial Care Should Be Taken Not To Overheat Them By Fast Driving Or Excessive Worrying. ...

Shorthorns Popularity
Shorthorns Popularity At Present, Shorthorns Are Found In Every State And Territory In The Union, And In Every -province Of The Dominion Of Canada. Shorthorns Are Perhaps Relatively Most Numerous In Illinois And Iowa, But Are Abundantly Distributed Throughout The Central States. Their Popularity Is Due Largely To Their Fitness ...

Silage And Roots For
Silage And Roots For Sheep The Mutton Sheep Industry Of Eng Land Is Largely Based On Roots, And The Feeding Of These Has Become A Science In English Sheep Husbandry. The Greater Expense Of Roots, As Compared With Silage In The United States, And The Different Conditions Under Which Sheep ...

Silage
Silage In Discussing The Corn Plant As A Coarse Forage For Steers, Mention Has Already Been Made Of The Use Of Corn Silage In Fattening Cattle. Silage Is Not Used As Extensively For Steers As For Dairy Cows, But Appears To Give Good Results Wherever It Has Been Thoroughly Tested. ...

Size And Capacity
Size And Capacity Of Cars The Usual Stock Car Has An Inside Length Of About 34 Feet, And Has A Capacity Of 18 To 20 Horses Or Cattle, 70 To 90 Hogs In A Single Floor, Or 100 To 150 In A Double Decker, And About 200 To 250 Sheep ...

Size Influenced By Feed
Size Influenced By Feed The Only Instance In Which The Offspring Do Not Differ Considerably Is In The Case Of Identical Twins Which Have Been Studied By Galton And Weismann And Are Prob Ably Developed From A Single Egg And Sperm Cell. But Even Identical Twins Differ Slightly In Some ...

Skim Milk
Skim Milk Can Be Substituted, Either Wholly Or In Part, For Any Of The Other Animal Foods Without Decreasing Egg Production. It May Be Fed Either Sweet Or Sour, Alone Or Mixed With The Mash. It Must Never Be Made, However, To Take The Place Of Fresh Water And Plenty ...

Skunks
Skunks Skunks Have Been Hunted And Trapped For Their Fur Since The Advent Of The European Races In This Country. During The Years 1850 To 1s90, The Hudson Bay Company Sent 250,000 Skunk Skins To England. Skunks Feed On Small Mam Mals, Reptiles, Frogs, Birds' Eggs, Poul Try, And Insects. ...

Slaughtering And Curing Of
Slaughtering And Curing Of Meats In This Section We Shall Consider First The Practices Of The Large Packing Houses And Later The Methods Which May Be Adopted On The Farm. Among The Sights Of Interest In A Large Packing Center Like Chicago, The Abattoirs Must Be In Cluded. The Present ...

Smoking Sausage
Smoking Sausage It Seems Hardly Necessary To Point Out The Bearing Of These Facts On The Desirability Of Slaugh Ter And Curing Of Meat At Home. The Farmer, However, May Learn Many Useful Things From A Study Of Packing House Methods, For The Experts Employed By These Concerns Have Worked ...

Sodium Carbonate
Sodium Carbonate Is Not Used As A Preservative But To Neutralize The Acid Ity Of Milk, Which Has Already Soured. Its Use Is Therefore A Deliberate Fraud. Salicylates, Benzoates, Chromates And Saltpeter Are Rarely Used In The United States For The Preservation Of Milk. Technical Methods Have Been Devised For ...

Soiling Crops
Soiling Crops The Practice Of Raising Forage Crops Expressly For The Purpose Of Cutting Green And Feeding In This Condition, Is Known As Soiling. This Practice Is More Extensive In Dairy Farming Than In Any Other Line Of Animal Industry. In A System Of Soiling As Compared With Pasture, A ...

Soiling Dogs
Soiling Dogs Hogs Put Up In A Pen At The Ontario College In Summer, And Fed For 123 Days On Mixed Meal, Gained 64 Per Cent On Their First Weight. When Green Fod Der Was Substituted For One-third The Meal Ration, The Gain Of Another Like Lot Of Hogs Was ...

Soiling Hogs With Alfalfa
Soiling Hogs With Alfalfa, At The Oregon Station, Did Not Prove Satisfac Tory, Owing Apparently To The Tendency Of The Alfalfa To Become Woody. Rape And Other Tender Succulence Gave Satis Factory Results. In One Experiment At The Station, Withycombe Fed Soiling Crops Of Crimson Clover And Alfalfa To Mature ...

Some Form Of Curing
Some Form Of Curing, However, Is As Necessary On The Farm As In The Packing House. Meat Should Be Cooled For 24 To 39 Hours, But Not Frozen, Before Putting Into Pickle. Large Stone Jars Are The Best Vessels For Curing Meats But A Hard Wood Molasses Barrel Is Good. ...

Some Of
Some Of Tun Better Stock Papers-it Would Be Impossible To Enumerate All The Papers Which Stand In The Front Rank Of Live Stock Journalism, But A Few May Be Mentioned That Are Noted For Their Value To The Industry. Among These Are The Breeders' Gazette, Which Is A Gen Eral ...

Sorghum
Sorghum This Plant Is Fed To Steers As A Coarse Forage Wherever It Is Grown On A Commercial Scale. In Arizona, It Proved To Be Nearly Equal To Alfalfa, And In Iowa, Sorghum Silage Appeared To Be As Effective As Corn Silage In Fattening Steers, But Was Not So Well ...

Southern Feeders Ration A
Southern Feeders' Ration-a South Ern Mule Raiser Has Found That Mules At Light Work May Be Kept In Fine Condi Tion From December To March On A Ra Tion Of 5 Pounds Cottonseed Meal And Cottonseed Hulls Ad Libitum. On This Ration The Hair Shed Early In The Spring And ...

Soy Bean Meal
Soy Bean Meal In Kansas, Cottrell Fed Soy Bean Meal To Steers By Scattering The Meal Over Other Grain In The Feed Boxes. At The Beginning Of The Feeding Period, The Soy Bean Meal Was Given In Rations Of 1/2 Pound A Day, But This Quantity Was Slowly Increased, Until ...

Soy Beans
Soy Beans Soy Bean Silage May Be Fed To Cattle In Winter In Rations Of 25 To 30 Pounds A Day With A Grain Ration Of 1 To 2 Pounds Cottonseed Meal, And 5 Pounds Of Corn Meal. This Ration Pro Duces Rapid Gains In Weight And Also Maintains The ...

Space Required On Siiipboard Cr
Space Required On Siiipboard-cr T Tle Must Have 6 Feet Vertical Space On All Decks. Dehorned Cattle, However, May Be Given But 51/2 Feet. Cattle Carried On The Upper Spar Deck Must Be Allowed A Space Of Feet In Width By S Feet In Depth Per Head. Four Cattle Are ...

Spasmodic Colic
Spasmodic Colic, Also Called Cramp Colic, Is The Name Commonly Used For The Form Of Colic Caused By Contraction Of A Part Of The Small Intestines And Is Usu Ally Due To Excessive Drinking Of Water Or Indigestible Food. Cramp Colic Al Ways Begins Suddenly. The Horse Stops, Stamps And ...

Special Iiorse Cars
Special Iiorse Cars For Shipping High-grade Stock, Especially Horses, A Form Of Palace Car Has Been Devised Which Is Thus Described By Plumb: "this Is A Car Divided Into Stalls Which Are Adjustable. A Horse Is Placed In One End Of The Car With Head Facing The Side And A ...

Special Practices
Special Practices, As Wetting Feeds, Cooking, Steaming, Etc, Have Been Shown By Many American And German Experi Ments Not To Increase Their Digestibility With The Possible Exception Of Potatoes And Some Other Roots For Hogs. If, How Ever, Any Of These Practices Make The Rations More Palatable And Thus Induce ...

Specific Directions
Specific Directions Are Given By The Department As To The Character Of The Stanchions, The Dimensions For Head Boards, Foot Boards, Division Boards, Flooring, The Fitting Of The Different Pens, Character Of Foot Locks, Cattle Fittings, Stanchions, Ventilation, Light, Etc. Each Under-deck Compartment Of 50 Feet' In Length Must Have ...

Standard Di Registry
Standard Di' Registry The First Vol Ume Of Wallace's Trotting Register Was Published In 1871 And The National Association Of Trotting Horse Breeders Was Formed In 1876. (for Secretary, See Appendix.) The Number Of Registered Trotters In The United States Is 145,000, And The Number Now Living About 96, 000. ...

Sterility In Animals
Sterility In Animals Sterility Or Barrenness In Animals May He Due To A Variety Of Causes. In The Male It May Be Due To Imperfect Develop Ment, Inflammation Or Degeneration Of The Testicles, Malformation, Paralysis Or Growths On The Penis, Nervousness Or The Presence Of Such Diseases As Azoturia, Failure ...

Stock On Shipboard
Stock On Shipboard Does Not Require A Great Deal Of Attention Outside Of Feed Ing, Watering And Bedding. There Is But Little Distress From Seasickness And This Soon Disappears. Horses Are The Most Difficult To Handle Satisfactorily, As They Catch Cold More Easily And Fre Quently Have Fever. It Is ...

Stock Raising And Soil
Stock Raising And Soil Fertility Stock Raising Is The Only Kind Of Farm Ing That Maintains The Land In Its Virgin Productiveness. On A Carefully Managed Stock Farm The Soil Should Be As Produc Tive After A Hundred Years Of Farming As On The Day When The First Furrow Was ...

Stockers And Feeders
Stockers And Feeders This Is A Very Important Market Class Of Beef Stock, Since From This Class The Majority Of Cattle Feeders Select Their Stock For The Production Of Fine Beef Animals. As Indicated By Mumford, These Two Classes Represent The Beginning And The End Of The Processes Of Beef ...

Stockers Must Be Dipped
Stockers Must Be Dipped If Scabby Cattle Or Sheep Are Shipped For Stockers Or Feeders, They Must Be Dipped At Least Twice At Intervals Of 10 Days Apart, Un Der The Supervision Of The Inspector Of The Bureau Of Animal Industry, ...

Straw
Straw Spelt Straw Is Not Extensively Grown, Except In Limited Areas And For This Reason Has Not Been Fed Or Tested Extensively As A Ration For Fattening Steers. In Canada, Spelt Straw Was Found To Possess About Half The Feeding Value Of Ordinary Hay. Straw Of Va Rious Kinds May ...

Strong And Weak Points
Strong And Weak Points One Of The Strong Points In Favor Of Shorthorns Is Their Milk Yield. In Fact, The Shorthorn Is Often Referred To As A Dual Purpose Breed, Yielding A Good Quality Of Beef, And At The Same Time Giving A Large Quantity Of Milk. This Quality Has ...

Strong And Weak Points_2
Strong And Weak Points The Here Fords Gain Rapidly, Adapt Themselves To All Soil, Climatic And Feed Conditions Which Prevail In The United States And Do Exceedingly Well In The Corn Belt And The Agricultural Part Of Canada. They Are Also Particularly Noted For Their Account Of The Fact That ...

Strong And Weak Points_3
Strong And Weak Points In Size, The Angus Is Perhaps Slightly Inferior To The Shorthorn And Hereford, But On Account Of Its Short Legs It Weighs More Than Its Apparent Size Would Indicate. The Breeders In This Country Have Given That Of West Highland And Galloway Cattle. In Scotland, The ...

Subdividing Shipments
Subdividing Shipments Stoek Is Usu Ally Sold In Bunches Varying From One To Several Hundred. The Consignment Of Each Shipper Is Usually Sold Separately, But May Be Subdivided By The Commis Sion Agent, Either For The Purpose Of Adjusting The Number Sold To The De Mands Of The Individual Buyer ...

Successful Agricultural Fairs Id
Successful Agricultural Fairs-id The States In Which Fairs Are Most Suc Cessful, Every Department Of Farm Work And Farm Life Receives Representation. Uct Of The Farm And Stables, For The Encouragement And Improvement Of Ag Riculture And The Farm Home. Newspapers And Magazines Finally, We May Well Speak Of The ...

Sugar Beet Pulp
Sugar Beet Pulp, A By-product Ob Tained In The Manufacture Of Beet Sugar, Has Been Extensively Used For Feeding To Sheep At The Colorado Station. Sheep Fed Sugar Beets, In Connection With A Small Grain Ration, Slightly Increased The Gains Made, Giving A Return Of About $3 A Ton For ...

Sugar Beets
Sugar Beets Recently The Use Of Sugar Beets And Particularly Sugar Beet Pulp Has Become A General Practice Among Beef Raisers. It Is Most Profit Able To Sell The Sugar Beets To The Fac Tory And Buy Pulp For Feeding. For This Reason, Pulp Is Fed Far More Ex Tensively ...

Summary Of The Laws
Summary Of The Laws Of Nu Trition In Order To Get A Clear Insight Into The Principles Of Animal Nutrition It Will Be Desirable To Summarize Briefly In One Place What Has Been Treated In Preced Ing Pages More At Length, Together With A Further Statement Of The Laws Govern ...

Swans
Swans Swans Are Familiar Birds On Ponds In Zoological Gardens And Occasionally On Farms. Wild Species Occur Throughout The World Except In The Hottest Part Of The Tropics. They Are Easily Domesti Cated And Have Undergone Little Change In Domestication. Swans Are Strictly Monogamous, Each Pair Remaining To Gether For ...

Swine Diseased With Hog
Swine Diseased With Hog Cholera Or Swine Plague, Or Which Have Been Ex Posed To Either Of These Diseases By Contact With Diseased Animals, Or Con Finement In Infected Cars, Pens Or Other Premises, Cannot Be Transported Or Driven From One State Or Territory To Another, And All Persons Intending ...

Swine Farming
Swine Farming The Hog Is Grown More Generally Throughout The Country Than Any Other Farm Animal. Even A Man With Only A Small Village Lot Frequently Keeps A Pig Or Two To Eat Up The Household Waste. No Other Farm Animal Makes Such Good Use Of Its Food In The ...

Swine Producing States
Swine Producing States The States Which Supply The Bulk Of Hogs For The Packing Houses Are Known As The Surplus Corn States. These States Are Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Wisconsin, Nebraska, Ohio, Indiana. So Much Corn Is Grown In These States That It Is Cheaper To Send The Surplus To ...

Swine
Swine Just When The Hog Was Domesticated Is Unknown. Its History Has Never Been Written. In The Orient, Europe, And Northern Africa, It Has Existed For Ages. Mankind Is Divided As To Its Usefulness. Despised By The Brahmins And An Cient Egyptians, Pronounced Unclean By The Jews And Mohammedans, Hunted ...

Syji Ptonis
Syji Ptonis Hog Cholera May Be De Fined As An Infectious, Malignant Disease, Due To The Presence Of The Hog Cholera Bacillus In The Intestines. The Most Conspicuous Symptoms Are Loss Of Appe Tite, High Fever, Discharge From The Eyes, Reddish Or Purplish Discoloration Of The Skin And Constipation Followed ...

Symptoms Frequently Obscured
Symptoms Frequently Obscured While Glanders, As Already Indicated, Is Almost Always Fatal And Therefore One Of The Most, If Not The Most, Serious Dis Ease Of Horses, The Symptoms Are Often Quite Obscure In The Early Course Of The Disease, And It Therefore Becomes Of Great Importance To Devise A ...

System In Butchering Oh
System In Butchering-oh The Farm, Or In The Small Towns, One Or Two Men May Do All The Work On An Animal From Killing To Cutting Up, While In The Pack Ing House 150 Or More Men Would Be Employed On The Various Details Of This Work. Each Man Has ...

Systems Of Cattle Farming
Systems Of Cattle Farming The Raising Of Cattle For Beef Is An En Tirely Different Proposition From Dairy Ing. Under Ordinary Conditions, Cattle Are Not Marketed For Beef Until Two Or Three Years Old. During This Time It Is Necessary To Carry Them Over At Least Two Winters At A ...

Systems Of Stock Farming
Systems Of Stock Farming There Are 5,739,657 Farms In The United States. Live Stock Is Kept On 96 Per Cent Of These Farms, While On About One-third Of Them, Live Stock Or Live Stock Products Is The Principal Source Of Income. On The Majority Of The Stock Farms In The ...

Tanning Hides
Tanning Hides The Manufacture Of Leather Is A Sub Ject Which May Be Briefly Considered In This Connection. Heavy Cow Hides Are Used In Making Sole, Belt And Harness Leather And For Similar Purposes; Calf Skins For The Upper Leather Of Boots And Shoes, Book Binding, Etc; Sheep Skins For ...

Tests At Central Experimental
Tests At Central Experimental Farms-a Large Number Of Feeding Ex Periments Have Been Reported By The Central Experimental Farm In Canada, With Different Breeds Of Hogs. In This Work No One Breed Has Been Found Con Stantly Superior To Any Other. There Was Often A Greater Difference In The Gains ...

Tests At Iowa Station
Tests At Iowa Station Very Exten Sive Experiments Have Been Made By The Iowa Station In Feeding Different Breeds Of Hogs. The Cost Of Producing 1 Pound Of Gain After Weaning With The Different Breeds For Three Years Was As Follows: Yorkshires, 2.14; Poland-chinas, 2.23; Duroc-jerseys, 2.27; Berkshires, 2.33; Tamworths, ...

Texas Cattle
Texas Cattle Are Those From The Ranges Of Texas. The Term Is Some Times Applied To All Cattle From Below The Quarantine Line In The Southwest. They Are Inferior In Breed To Either Na Tives Or Westerns, Which Is Manifest In Their Much Lighter Structure And The Beef From Them ...

The African Buffalo
The African Buffalo (bos Caffer) Is Found Under Five Recognizable Varieties Throughout Africa. Apparently It Has Not Been Domesticated Nor Interbred Sheep The Ancestral Form Of The Do Mestic Breeds Of Sheep (orin Aries) Is Entirely Unknown. The Wild Mouflon Of Europe (ovis Musimon) Crosses With Do Mestic Sheep And ...

The Air
The Air Of Most Stables Carries Con Siderable Dust Contaminated With Bac Teria. The Dust May Come From The Hay Or Other Feed, From The Bedding, From Soil Carried In On The Cows' Feet Or From Dried Manure. Some Dairymen Allow Their Cattle To Wallow In Filthy Yards And The ...

The American Merino
The American Merino Is One Of The Smallest Breeds In The United States. The Ewes At Maturity Weigh From 90 To 125 Pounds And The Bucks, When In Good Condition, From 140 To 175 Pounds. The Skin Of The Merino Is Characterized By Heavy Folds, Especially About The Neck; Wool ...

The Banteng
The Banteng (bos Sondaicus) Occurs In Java, Borneo And Neighboring Coun Tries. It Is Smaller Than The Gayal With Longer Legs And A White Rump Patch. The Banteng Breeds Freely With Domes Tic Cattle And Has Been Domesticated To Some Extent. Apparently The Native Burmese Cattle Are Descended From It. ...

The Bell Coleman Cold Air
The Bell-coleman Cold Air Machine In This Machine The Air Is Taken From The Cooling Room And Subjected To A Pres Sure Of Two To Three Atmospheres In A Compression Cylinder. The Air Thus Heated By Compression Is Cooled By A Water Spray, Dried By Passing Through A Series Of ...

The Benefits Of Pasture
The Benefits Of Pasture For Pigs Have Been Shown In Many Experiments Reported By The Experiment Stations. At The Utah Station, Pigs At Pasture On A Full Grain Ration Made 33 Per Cent Better Gains Than Pigs On The Same Ration With Out Pasture. The Average Daily Gains Were 29 ...

The Best Pasture For
The Best Pasture For The Brood Sow Is Alfalfa, Clover And Rape. These Pas Tures, However, Furnish But Little, If Any, More Than A Maintenance For Mature Hogs, And In Case Of A Brood Sow Must Be Supplemented With Liberal Allowances Of Muscle, Bone And Flesh, Making Foods Such As ...

The Boar And His
The Boar And His Manage Ment The Boar Used Should Be A Typical Rep Resentative Of His Breed. It Is Better To Use Pure Bred Boars Than To Use Grades Or Crosses, Because Normally A Pure Bred Boar Will Transmit His Characteristics To The Offspring With Greater Certainty Than Grades ...

The Breeding Stock
The Breeding Stock The Stock Intended For Breeding Pur Poses Require Liberal Grain Rations And Plenty Of Run And Grazing. If Allowed The Run Of Cut Clover And Grain Fields, They Require No Animal Food Other Than The Insects They Pick Up. In Selecting The Stock In The Fall, Those ...

The Bureau Of Entomology
The Bureau Of Entomology Of The Department, Has Made Exhaustive Studies Of The Insects Which Prey Upon Farm An Imals, And Which Not Only Make Life A Burden To The Animals Themselves And Stunt Their Growth, But Also Carry Con Tagions Diseases. Through The Work Of This Bureau, Stockmen Know ...