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The Cattle Tick


THE CATTLE TICK is reddish and flat tened. When gorged with blood the ticks are nearly as deep as wide. Other spe cies of ticks are not concerned in trans mitting Texas fever in this country. The ticks appear on cattle about the first of June. When mature they drop to the ground and deposit their eggs, which hatch in about 25 days, after which the young ticks attach themselves to grass and weeds from which location they infest cattle. Aside from the fact that ticks carry Texas fever, their pres Mycotie stomatitis is a disease of the mouth and feet of cattle and has ap peared in the summer and fall in cer tain sections of the country during the last five years. It has caused much alarm in some localities on account of its resemblance to foot and mouth dis ease. It is noninfectious and is due to eating moldy food. The symptoms are loss of appetite, dribbling of the saliva and inability to eat. Sores appear in the mouth and occasionally on the feet and teats. It is not a serious disease and should be treated with antiseptic washes such as a 2 per cent solution of creolin or carbolic acid.

ence on cattle in large numbers causes anemia, loss of weight, stunting and, in serious cases, death. Badly infested cows, according to Mayer, do not breed until three or four years of age and steers fail by two hundred pounds of reaching their normal size.

Nagana is an infectious blood disease attacking cattle and horses and probably transmitted only by the bite of the tsetse fly. According to most authori ties it does not occur in any of our pos sessions, but Musgrave and Clegg claim it is identical with surra; this is based on their investigations in the Philip pine Islands.

ticks and mouth