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The Charge for Shipping Cattle


THE CHARGE FOR SHIPPING CATTLE varies from $6 to $20 a bead. A good steer, which frequently brings $60 in Chicago, will bring $90 to $100 in England. The transportation cost for horses varies from $20 to $25. Transportation charges for pure bred stock from Europe to the United States are somewhat higher than the figures here given.

Loss IN SHRINKAGE Plumb states that the loss from shrinkage between Chicago and English ports is generally estimated at 65 pounds a head for cattle. Twenty five years ago, it is estimated that from 5 to 10 per cent of the real value of cat tle was lost by shrinkage in weight, by death and by injury in transit. The loss from hogs was about 12 per cent. Since 1880, as a result of British and Ameri can supervision of the shipping trade, the loss of cattle by death in transit at sea has been very greatly reduced, amounting to less than 1 per cent. DAILY ATTENTION GIVEN STOCK ON SHIP BOARD On a vessel which carried 850 head of cattle, 66 head of horses, and 320 head of sheep as a part of her cargo, the cattle were watered twice daily, 6 A. M. and 4 P. M., and not given over a half bucketful each. After each watering they were fed hay. At the be ginning of the voyage they were fed corn on the cob at 11 A. Af., but later fed grain twice a day, in the morning and evening.

Horses were watered four times a day, as they are likely to get feverish. They were fed hay in the morning and bran mash at noon, and after the third or fourth day given oats or corn at noun and hay in the afternoon.

Sheep were given all the water they wanted and fed twice daily.

For the first few days at sea the stock look discouraged, but soon get so they eat regularly. The journey seems to be especially hard on sheep, as compared with other stock, yet but few die.

fed, stock and head