THE CHOICE AMONG. PACKERS varies as to their preference for the different breeds. The Cudahy packing company of Chicago state that they do not dis criminate as to price in favor of the different breeds, but in paying a fancy price would rather have Shorthorns than the other breeds. This difference in their estimation would only amount to 5 cents a hundred pounds.
Swift and Co. prefer Angus, Short horn and Galloway cattle three years of age, when thoroughly fattened on grain to Herefords of the same age. Two year-old Hereford cattle, when fat, are considered equal to the other breeds mentioned, but after the second year the Herefords become unevenly fat. IIam mond makes practically the same state ment in regard to Herefords.
Schwarzschild states that in buying cattle for the United States, and espe cially for the export trade, preference is given to Angus steers, since when well fattened on corn, these steers dress out from 1 to 2 pounds a hun dred pounds live weight more than either Shorthorns, Galloways, Herefords or Holsteins. "Although the Angus may appear very fat, they will show more lean meat and be less wasteful for the retail butcher than animals of any of the other breeds above men tioned. The meat itself will show a better and richer grain and is very juicy. The Shorthorns come next and, for the same time and same percentage of feed used, will show considerable fat on the outside, but less lean meat. This fat will be in lumps on the outside, but is very unprofitable for the retailer. Gallo ways and Herefords come next in qual ity as well as grain. The Holsteins are very undesirable; being coarse, they do not show much grain in the beef and are especially unprofitable for the retailer. Of the five breeds of cattle mentioned, the Angus is superior to the extent of 10 to 15 cents a hundred pounds live weight." Hammond states that the Herefords, Galloways, Shorthorns and Angus, eith er as thoroughbreds or as three-quarter bred yearlings, when equally fat are equally valuable for beef. The same is true for two-year-olds, but a change begins to take place at three years, when the Shorthorns grow more bone and become coarser, and when four years old are apt to be too heavy and coarse to bring the top price of the market. Herefords become lumpy by putting the fat on in bunches.