THE TROTTER There were trotting or best animals being about 15 hands 3 inches. The head and neck should be as light as may be, with a lean jaw, full forehead, pricked ears not too short, full eyes, large nostrils, loose windpipe, long body, wide, long hips, oblique shoulder, full thigh and flat leg bones. The skin is thin and the hair silky. Bay, brown and chestnut are the common colors with an occasional gray or black. Somewhat different standards are set up in the dif ferent countries, where the Thorough bred is held in favor. Thus we have the English, American, French, Austrian and Australian Thoroughbred. The 'Russian government has also taken con ambling horses in England GOO years ago but it was not until 1818 that an authen tic record of a mile in three minutes was made. In 180G a horse named Yankee is said to have trotted in 2.59, but the record is doubtful. The aim of the breeder of trotters is to secure a fast trotting gait and the speed of these horses has been gradually increased dur ing the past century.
Naturally this reduction of the time is due to the use of a lighter vehicle, ball bearings, pneumatic tires, improvement of the track, etc, but a steady increase of speed has been brought about by breeding. The Trotter is es sentially an offshoot or variety of the Thoroughbred produced from the latter by breeding and selection for the pos session of a trotting gait. The first known or definitely recorded sire of a winner in a trotting race was Coriander, son of imported Messenger. Several other distinguished sires of Trotters de cended from the same Messenger. In fact, not until 1837 did a noted Trotter appear which did not come from Mes senger. The Morgan family came into oughbred mares and produced Sunol, Palo Alto and Arion.