TIIE LOCAL BUTCHERS furnish a market for a good many animals, but the de mand from this source is limited. Even weight of the animals. Where only a few hogs, sheep or calves are to be mar keted, they can be shown up to much better advantage and better prices gen erally secured if drawn to town in the farm wagon with high side boards.
Marketing pure breedsGrowers of m7ire bred animals are generally able to dispose of a part of their breeding stock with stock growers in the neigh borhood; in such cases the grower asks a price commensurate with the value of the animal sold. Some breeders do an extensive mailing and shipping business, in which case animals are shipped in crates, either by express or freight.
in the smaller cities and towns the local butchers have to compete with the meat sent from the great central packing houses, which limits the price they are able to pay. Men buying for shipment, however, can handle large numbers of animals. • Marketing in local cities and towns If the grower does not choose to sell to the traveling buyers,' the nearby butchers and towns offer a market and in nearly all of the larger towns there are one or more men who buy for ship ment. Many towns have special market days when buyers and sellers meet, and the competition thus offered serves to secure better prices. In driving stock any distance to town, there is always considerable loss in appearance and The express rates on live stock shipped in crates are usually 'quite reason able and but little, if any, more expen sive than in shipping by freight and the animals reach their destination much sooner. It is not advisable to ship such animals as sheep, hogs or calves unless crated. The express rates are lower in the eastern and central states than in the southern or western states. The ex press companies have special ears in which to ship valuable horses. Show stock of all kinds is usually shipped by express.
IN SHIPPING CRATED ANIMALS by ex press, sufficient feed for the journey should be attached to the outside of the crate. "Properly made crates will have a sack pocket fastened at the end within the crate in which hay may be stuffed, which sheep or calves may nibble at leisure. A small V-shaped trough may also be placed in the end of the crate, in which grain may be fed. If these addi tions to the crate are provided, the agents along the line will see that the stock is watered.
"SHIPPING CRATES should be neither too large nor too small, just giving room for the animal to stand erect comfort ably; the width should be only 3 inches greater than the •width of the body at the hips and shoulders; much room is objectionable. Animals firmly crated with suitable feed accompanying can le expressed from the Atlantic to the Pacific, with no trouble or injury under practice iu some of the corn belt states. Where a breeder has only a small num ber of animals he may unite with one or more other breeders and hold an auction in some central place conven iently reached by railroad.