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Trotters and the

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TROTTERS AND THE FARMERSinCe our viewpoint in this volume is always that of the farmer, we may well ask what good the farmer can get out of trotters. By breeding trotting stallions to sound, active, well gaited mares the farmer may obtain fine roadsters or coachers. The Bureau of Animal Industry is now trying to establish a distinctive breed of American roadsters on the basis of the Trotter. Trotters are generally dis tributed throughout the country, and pounds. The final results of this experi ment are awaited with much interest.

Pacers already indicated, the Thoroughbred has given us not only run ners and bunters, but also trotters, pacers and the American saddle horse. Pacers do not constitute as yet a recognized breed. Many standard-bred trotters num ber pacers among their progeny. In early days in this country, pacers were used largely as saddle horses. Later they were put on the track. On the race track the pace seems to be a somewhat faster gait than the trot. For gener,d driving purposes, however, the pacer is any improvement which can be made in them will in time react upon the whole horse industry. Speed is important, but it is not the only point to aim at. En durance, conformation and size must also be considered. It is desirable to establish a fixed type of good carriage horses which may ultimately become a definite breed. For this purpose the De partment of Agriculture has purchased it mares about 15.3 hands high and weighing 1,100 to 1,150 pounds. They are bay, brown and chestnut in color, without tendency toward pacing or mixed gait. The stallion selected was the trotter Carmon, 16 hands, 1,200 inferior to the trotter. The hips slope, the shoulders are high and the form is otherwise less perfect. Within the pasi, 25 years the speed of the pacer has been greatly increased until Dan Patch a mile in 1.50.

This type of horse, however, has grad ually become unfit for a saddle horse or general driving. He is nothing but a race horse and carries in him little of value to the farmer. The pacer strikes the ground with both right or left feet at the same time, while the trotter has no two feet on the ground at once when at speed. The pacing fad at times as aumes considerable proportions and many horsemen have called attention to the cruel and highly reprehensible practice of hobbling horses in order to compel them to assume the pacing gait. Such horses are likely to acquire an unnatural pace or mixed gait, which greatly inter feres with their speed and beauty of form. In Rhode Island there was a family of horses known as the Narragan sett pacers, derived, it is claimed, from horses obtained in Australia. The stock was allowed to die out.

best saddle horses. Denmark was brought to Kentucky in 1839 and bred to native saddle mares, the Thorough bred being relied upon for courage and endurance and the mares for gait and disposition in the progeny. The Saddle Horse register was first published in 1S92. (For secretary, see appendix.) About 5,000 saddle horses have been registered in the United States and of these 2,700 are living. The various fam The American saddle horseThe foundation stock of this breed, as given by the American Saddle Horse Breeders' Association, was Denmark (a Thorough bred), John Dillard and Tom Hal (Ca nadian horses), and a number of other Thoroughbred and Morgan horses. The Huns, Arabs and Thibetans were fa mous for their horsemanship. The horses which they used were largely of oriental blood. In England, likewise, the Thoroughbred was the basis of the ily types inside the breed are quite dis tinct.

horses, saddle, horse, pacers, breed and gait