TREATMENT OF WOUNDS IN CATTLE.
Similar surgical principles to those adopted in horses apply to the treatment of wounds in cattle. As, however, cattle are seldom treated in a veterinary infirmary we have to depend on the owners or attendants to carry out the neces sary dressing of wounds; consequently, simpli city in the procedure associated with measures likely to overcome the effects of lack of surgical cleanliness are essential. After the practi tioner has provided ample drainage he must rely on the application of antiseptic agents to promote healing and to prevent the occurrence of septiemmia. Cases do far better on pasture than in the cow-house, as it is practically im possible to render the surroundings sufficiently clean in the majority of instances. Fortunately, cattle are far more resistant than horses to septic infection, and this fact is well shown in the favourable course manifested in many in stances of wounds of the abdominal cavity occurring in bovines.
The most common injuries met with in cattle are punctured wounds arising from animals horning each other. In the abdominal region injuries from this source may produce either a large contusion or hematoma, a rupture of the muscles without perforation of the skin associ ated with the presence of a hernia, or a wound involving skin, muscles, and peritoneum, with or without prolapse of internal organs. Pro vided the prolapsed viscera are not injured, treatment of these cases can be undertaken in cattle with more hope of success than in the horse. The principles of treatment are similar in both instances.