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Diseases From Absinthe
Diseases From Absinthe. The Substance Made And Sold Under The Name Of Absinthe Is A Mixture Composed Of 50 Per Cent. Of Alcohol; 0.35 Per Cent. Of Oil Of Wormwood, Oil Of The Artemisia Absinthium,; 24 Per Cent. Of Other Essential Oils, Usually Of Cloves; 1.5 Of Sugar; And, 45.65 ...

Diseases From Alcohol
Diseases From Alcohol. All The Members Of The Alcohol Family, When They Are Taken Into The Body In Sufficient Quantity To Produce An Effect, Excite Disease. But, The Member Of The Family In This Respect Is The Common Ethylic Alcohol Which Enters Into The Composition Of Our Ordinary Beverages, Called ...

Diseases From Chloral
Diseases From Chloral. The Saline Substance Known As Chloral Hydrate Was Introduced As A Narcotic In 1s69 By Dr. Liebreich, Of Berlin. The First In Troduction Of It Into This Country Was By A Report Of Mine Made At The British Association For The Advancement Of Science At The Exeter ...

Diseases From Cutting Dusts
Diseases From Cutting Dusts. When The Particles Of Dust Are Made Up Of Iron, Stone, Steel, Sand, Glass, Or Pearl, The Danger Is Most Immediate And Most Active. These Particles, Exceedingly Minutely Divided, Are Insolu Ble And Are Edged Or Pointed, So That They Actually Cut Through The Ciliary Processes ...

Diseases From Lead
Diseases From Lead. Lead As A Source Of Disease Affects Those Who Are Engaged In Painter's Work, Pottery Works, Lead Works. It Also Sometimes Af Fects Through Water That Has Been Carried Through Leaden Pipes. The Diseases Induced By Lead Are Of Two Kinds, Acute And Often Transient; Slow And ...

Diseases From Mechanical Natural
Diseases From Mechanical Natural Accidents. Lightning Shock. The History Of Natural Disease Would Not Be Complete Were Reference Not Made To Certain Accidents To Which The Human Kind Is Subjected. These May Be Divided Into Four Classes. I. Acci Dents Which Are Purely Mechanical. Ii. Accidents Which Arise From Poisonous ...

Diseases From Mixed Vapors
Diseases From Mixed Vapors And Gases. Workmen Exposed To Confined Air In Which Organic Vapors Are Evolved, Are Apt To Suffer From Disease. The Workmen In Wine Docks Are Liable To This Danger, A Fact Which I Pointed Out In My "journal Of Public Health," For 1s55, After An Inspection ...

Diseases From Muscular Strain
Diseases From Muscular Strain Induced By Industrial Occupations. Many Members Of Our Industrial Classes, Navvies, Brickmakers, Bargemen, Miners, Coal-heavers, Porters, Hodmen, Dock-laborers, Carmen, And Blacksmiths, Owing To The Nature Of Their Occupations, Are Subjected To Excessive Muscular Strain. Amongst These Men The Diseases Incident To Their Occupation Are More Commonly ...

Diseases From Natural Poisonings
Diseases From Natural Poisonings And From Of Poisonous Excretions Within The Body. In The Course Of Some Diseases Symptoms Occur Which Are Of Singular Importance, And Which Seem To Be Due To The Presence Of Poisonous Substances Which Have Been Developed In The Living Body Itself. These Poisons May Be ...

Diseases From New Poisons
Diseases From New Poisons Developed In The Body. I Said In The Opening Sentences Of This Chapter That In Various Conditions Of Disease New Products May Be Formed In The Body, Products Which Are Not The Natural Excretions, But Which Are Pro Duced From Unnatural Decompositions Progressing Within The Organism ...

Diseases From Obstructing And
Diseases From Obstructing And Irritating Dusts. There Are Other Dusts, As I Have Stated In The Beginning Of The Chapter, Which, Being Drawn Into The Lungs, Are Indeed Causes Of Irritation, But Are Injurious Rather From The Obstruction They Pro Duce Than From The Irritant Effect. These Dusts Find Their ...

Diseases From Retained Excretions
Diseases From Retained Excretions. Uraemia And Uraemic Coma. We Have Seen In The Chapter On The "local Diseases Of The Glandular System," P. 212, That The Kidneys By Their Secretion Eliminate, With Every Thousand Grains Of The Secretion, Fourteen Grains Of A Substance Which Is Called Urea. Urea Is A ...

Diseases From The Ecrozoe
Diseases From The Ecrozoe. The Diseases Caused By The Ectozoa, Parasites Affecting The Outer Surface Of The Body, Are Of Three Classes. One Class Is Due To The Presence Of Pediculi Or Lice; A Second To The Acarus Or Itch Insect; A Third To Fungoid Or Vegetable Parasitic Growths. Some ...

Diseases From Venomous Animals
Diseases From Venomous Animals. The College Authorities Classify, In Their List, Diseases Arising From The Body Being Subjected To Certain Animal And Vegetable Poisons. Under This Head They Include: (a) Poisoning By Venom Ous Animals, Namely, Snakes, Scorpions, And Stinging Insects. (b) Poisonings By Animals Having Infectious Diseases, Namely, Glan ...

Diseases Of Bone And
Diseases Of Bone And Periosteum. Ostitis.inflammation Of Bone; A Disease Very Rare In Its Un Complicated Form. When It Occurs It Is, Usually, In The Young Who Are Of Feeble And Strumous Constitution. Even In Them It Is, I Believe, Always Induced By Some External Influence, Such As A Cold, ...

Diseases Of Muscular Structure
Diseases Of Muscular Structure. The Diseases Of The Muscular System Were But Little Under Stood As Structural Diseases Until The Microscope Became An Instru Ment Of Research In The Hands Of The Physician, And Even In The Present Day The Subject Has Not Been Studied With The Successful Zeal That ...

Diseases Of The Absorbent
Diseases Of The Absorbent And Glandular System. The Glandular System Is Divisible, For The Classification Of The Diseases That Are Connected With It, Into Three Parts. 1. The Lymphatic Glandular System, Consisting Of The Lymphatic Glands And The Series Of Lymphatics Or Absorbent Tubes Of The Body Gen Erally, With ...

Diseases Of The Arteries
Diseases Of The Arteries. The Larger Blood-vessels, Arteries, And Veins Are Liable, Like The Heart Itself, To Various Structural Changes Or Diseases. Those Of The Arteries Are Classified In The Following Order. Arteritis. Inflammation Of An Arterial Structure, Beginning In The Inner Lining Or Serous Coat Of The Vessel. It ...

Diseases Of The Auricle
Diseases Of The Auricle. The Outer Part Of The Ear, The Auricle, Is The Occasional Seat Of Gouty And Other Deposits, Which Give Rise To Prominences And To Irregularity Of The Structure; Of Vascular Swelling, Hematoma; Of Malignant And Non-malignant Tumors; And, Of ?malformations. In Persons Of Slight And Delicate ...

Diseases Of The Bladder
Diseases Of The Bladder. The Bladder, A Membranous Pouch Or Bag For Temporarily Holding Renal Secretion, Is Made Up Of Three Coats Or Layers; A Serous Layer On Its Outer Side, Which May Easily Be Stripped Off The Dead Bladder, And Which Is Derived From The Peritoneum; A Middle Muscular ...

Diseases Of The Brain
Diseases Of The Brain. The Diseases Of The Substance Of The Brain, As Distinct From Its Membranous Investments, Are Of Several Kinds. The More Im Portant Of These Are Included Under The Following Heads. Inflammation Of The Brain.. Cerebral& Inflammation Of The Substance Of The Brain Itself Is Of Very ...

Diseases Of The Cellular
Diseases Of The Cellular Tissue. Inflammation. The Cellular Tissue Is Often The Seat Of Inflam Mation And Of Changes, Connected With The Inflammatory Process, Ending In The Formation Of Purulent Matter In A Circumscribed Form, Abscess. Such Inflammation Is Apt To Follow Under Circum Stances In Which The Skin Is ...

Diseases Of The Choroid
Diseases Of The Choroid And Retina. The Dark Or Choroid Coat Of The Eye Is Subject To Inflammation, Called, Technically, Choroiditis, And To Congestion Of Its Vessels, Choroidal Apoplexy; But These Are Rarely, If Ever, Distinct Forms Of Disease Affecting The Choroid Coat Alone. Retinitis. Inflammation Of The Retina, The ...

Diseases Of The Circulation
Diseases Of The Circulation From Habit. Diseases Of The Heart. Those Who Are Engaged In Hazardous And Speculative Pursuits, And Who Get Into The Habit Of Irregular Business Life, And Particu Larly Into The Habit Of Laying Out Plans And Devices Which Shall Be Sure To Win, Are Almost Always ...

Diseases Of The Cornea
Diseases Of The Cornea. The Cornea, The Horny, Transparent, Cancavo-convex Lens, Which Lies Immediately Beneath The Mucous Conjunctival Mem Brane, Is Subject To The Following Local Affections : Keratitis, Or Acute Inflammation Of Its Structure. Chronic Interstitial Keratitis. Inflammation Of Long Standing, With Interposition Of Fluid Between The Layers Of ...

Diseases Of The Digestive
Diseases Of The Digestive System. In Studying The Local Diseases Of Mankind We Cannot Do Better Than Take Them In Order As Affecting The Different Systems Of Or Ganic Parts We Have Just Considered. The Local Diseases, The Reader May Be Once More Reminded, Are, For The Most Part, But ...

Diseases Of The Digestive_2
Diseases Of The Digestive System From Habit. Apart From All The Influences Acting Upon The Body Through The Mind, To Which The Attention Of The Reader Has Been Drawn In The Last Few Chapters, There Are Some Others Which Require To Be Studied, And Which Are Commonly Known As Individual ...

Diseases Of The Ductless
Diseases Of The Ductless Glands. The Ductless Glands That Demand Our Attention Are Three In Number. The Thyroid, Or The Gland In The Fore Part Of The Neck. The Spleen. The Suprarenal Capsules. Diseases Of The Thyroid Gland. Inflammation. The Thyroid Gland May Be The Seat Of Inflam Mation, Either ...

Diseases Of The Ear
Diseases Of The Ear. Deafness Is Presented Under Three Conditions :— 1. From Functional Nervous Derangement. 2. From Deficiency Of Development, Deaf-mutism. 3. From Disease Of The Auditory Mechanism. Deafness From Functional Nervous Derangement May Occur Without Any Existing Disease Of The Ear. Deaf-mutism May Give No Actual Indication Of ...

Diseases Of The Endocardium
Diseases Of The Endocardium And Valves Of The Heart. Endocarditis. Inflammation Of The Endocardium, Or Inner Lining Membrane Of The Heart, Occurring On One Or Both Sides Of The Heart, But Most Frequently In The Ventricle On The Left Side. Valvular Disease. Diseases Of The Valves Of The Heart Take ...

Diseases Of The Eye
Diseases Of The Eye. The Diseases Of The Organs Of The Senses To Be Described In The Present Chapter Are Divisible Into Three Groups According To The Organs Concerned. Diseases Of The Organs Of Sight, Of Hearing, Of Smell : Of The Eye, The Ear, The Nose. Seventy-five Diseases Are ...

Diseases Of The Gall
Diseases Of The Gall Bladder And Bile-duct. The Gall-bladder Or Sac For Holding The Bile Secreted By The Liver, And The Tube Or Duct Connecting It With The Liver, Are Liable To Several Forms Of Disease, Viz., Inflammation, Ulcer, Perforation, Fistula, Obstruction, And Calculus Or Gall-stone. Inflammation Of The Bile-duct ...

Diseases Of The Gums
Diseases Of The Gums. Inflammation. Inflammation Of The Firm Structure Which, Covered With Mucous Membrane, Extends Over The Alveolar Part, —socket Part,. Of The Jawbone Up To The Commencement Of The Crowns Of The Teeth. When The Inflammation Is Caused By A De Cayed Tooth, And Involves The Periosteum Of ...

Diseases Of The Jaws
Diseases Of The Jaws. The Jaws, Including In The Upper Jaw The Cavity Called The Antrum, Are Subject To Fibrous, Myeloid, Osseous, Cartilaginous, And Vascular Tumors. They Are Also Subject To Hypertrophy, To Necro Sis, To Caries, To Cysts, And To Cancer. In Rare Instances They Are Subject To Adhesion ...

Diseases Of The Joints
Diseases Of The Joints. Synovitis. Inflammation Of The Synovial Or Lining Membrane Of The Joints Is The First Disease Named On The List Of Affections Of The Joints. This Inflammation, Attended Usually With Severe Pain, And When The Joint Is A Large One, Like The Knee-joint, Attended Also With Much ...

Diseases Of The Kidneys
Diseases Of The Kidneys And Renal The Two Glands In The Abdominal Cavity, Called The Kidneys, Have For Their Function A Purely Eliminative Intention. The Fluid They Excrete Is The Grand Outlet For The Nitrogenous Excretes Of The Animal Body. The Fleshy Parts Of Food That Are Not Used, And ...

Diseases Of The Lachrymal
Diseases Of The Lachrymal Apparatus And Eyelids. The Lachrymal Gland Placed At The Upper And Outer Angle Of The Eyeball Is Subject To Inflammation And To Resultant Structural Changes. But The Most Common Disease Connected With The Lach Rymal Apparatus Is Obstruction Of The Lachrymal Duct, The Duct Which Runs ...

Diseases Of The Larynx
Diseases Of The Larynx. The Larynx, The Cavity Or Enlargement At The Upper Part Of The Windpipe, And Which Is Marked Out In The Neck At The Prominent Part Vulgarly Called " Adam's Apple," Is Subject To Several Forms Of Disease, The Following Being The Chief. Inflammation And 'ulceration Of ...

Diseases Of The Lips
Diseases Of The Lips. Ulcer Of The Lip. A Small Round Ulcer By Which The Mucous Membrane Is Destroyed In A Circular Manner So Cleanly That It Looks As If A Portion Had Been Punched Out, The Cellular Tissue Be Neath Forming The Lower Part Or Base. The Ulcer Is ...

Diseases Of The Liver
Diseases Of The Liver. The Large Organ Or Gland Called The Liver, The Largest Gland In The Body, Is Situated In The Upper Part Of The Abdomen Immedi Ately Below The Midriff Or Diaphragm. The Liver Is Very Subject To Disease, And As Its Uses In The Economy Are Many ...

Diseases Of The Lower
Diseases Of The Lower Bowel Or Straight Intestine. The Last Portion Of The Intestinal Canal, A Tube About Ten Inches Long, Extending From The End Of The Colon To The Extreme Outlet Of The Canal, And Called The Straight Intestine Or Rectum, Is Subject To Several Forms Of Local Disease. ...

Diseases Of The Nails
Diseases Of The Nails. The Nails Are Subject To Several Kinds Of Disease, Of Which The Following Are The More Important. 1. Ingrown Nail, The Growing In Of The Nail Into The Skin, A Condition Most Common In The Case Of The Great Toe Nail. 2. Onychia, Inflammation Of The ...

Diseases Of The Nervous
Diseases Of The Nervous System From Habit. Physical Nervous Failure. In The Professional Classes Unfavorable Habits Of Life Lead To Various Degrees Of Nervous Failure. The Professional Classes Dif Fer From Others In Many Points. They Differ From Original Brain Workers In That They Rarely Study Intensely At Original Designs, ...

Diseases Of The Nose
Diseases Of The Nose. The Diseases Connected With The Nasal Cavities And Olfactory Apparatus Are Arranged, Technically, Under The Following Heads. Hypertrophy. A Disease In Which The Skin And Cellular Tis Sue Of The Nose Become Large, The Skin Being Vascular And Mottled. It Is A Common Result Of Alcoholic ...

Diseases Of The Pharynx
Diseases Of The Pharynx. Pharyngitis. Inflammation. Of The Mucous Membrane Of The Pharynx Or Expanded Part Or Pouch Lying Between The Fames And The Commencement Of The Gullet Or Oesophagus. Ulcer. Ulceration Of The Mucous Surface Of The Pharynx. There Are Two Varieties :—(a) Superficial; The Ulceration Being On The ...

Diseases Of The Pleura
Diseases Of The Pleura. The Pleura Is The Thin, Elastic, Semitransparent Membrane Which Can So Easily Be Stripped From The Surface Of The Lungs. It Envelops Each Lung As In A Serous Bag Or Sac, Which Is Reflected On To The Inner Walls Of The Chest, Covering Them, And Which ...

Diseases Of The Prostate
Diseases Of The Prostate Gland. In The Male Subject There Exists In The Front Of The Neck Of The Bladder A Gland Of The Size Of A Spanish Nut, Called The Pros Tate. The Gland Has Not One Common Duct, But Has Sixteen Or Seventeen Small Ducts, Which Terminate In ...

Diseases Of The Reproductive
Diseases Of The Reproductive Glands And Organs. The Reproductive Organs Include In The Male Subject The Testes And Their Parts; The Spermatic Cord; A Serous Membrane, Which Consists Of Two Layers, Investing And Reflected, Forming A True Membranous Sac, The Tunics Vaginalis; And An External Pouch Of Skin, The Scrotum. ...

Diseases Of The Skin
Diseases Of The Skin And Membranous System. The Membranous System Includes, As We Have Already Learned : (a) The Covering Of The Body Called The Skin; (b) The Lining Of The External Cavities Of The Bronchial Surface, Of The Mouth, Of The Whole Length Of The Alimentary Canal, And Of ...

Diseases Of The Skin_2
Diseases Of The Skin. The Older Medical Authorities Have Been Accustomed To Divide Diseases Affecting The Skin Into Nine Order According To The Ex Ternal Appearances Presented To Observation. By This Method They Described The Following Forms Of Cutaneous Disease : (a) The Papuhe Or Pimples. (b) The Squamue, Or ...

Diseases Of The Spinal
Diseases Of The Spinal Cord And Its Membranes. The Membranes Of The Spinal Cord, Dura Mater, Arachnoid, And Pia Mater, Being Continuations Of The Coverings Of The Brain, Are Subject To The Same Diseases As Were Related Of Them On Pp. 169-71, Under The Head Of Diseases Of Membranes Of ...

Diseases Of The Spine
Diseases Of The Spine. The Bony Column Called The Spine Is Subject To A Series Of Dis Eases Which, Owing To Their Importance, Have Been Particularly Enumerated. The Ligaments And Cartilages Of The Spine Are Sub Ject To Ulceration; The Bones Are Subject To Necrosis, Caries, And Ankylosis. The Bones ...

Diseases Of The Stomach
Diseases Of The Stomach. Gastritis. Inflammation, Acute Or Chronic, Of The Lining Mem Brane Of The Stomach. There Are Several Varieties Of Gastritis. Simple Catarrhal Inflammation. A Temporary And Slight In Flammation Of The Gastric Mucous Surface, Attended With Pain, Thirst, Some Fever, And Sometimes Bilious Vomiting. Acute Inflammation. Inflammation ...

Diseases Of The Structure
Diseases Of The Structure Of The Lung. Pneumonia. Inflammation Of The Lungs. Inflammation Of The Lungs, Inflammation, That Is To Say, Of The True Structure Of The Lungs, The Air Vesicles, Vessels, And The Surrounding Or Investing Tissues, Which Together Make Up The Spongy Texture Of The Lung, Is Called ...

Diseases Of The Throat
Diseases Of The Throat. The Part Of The Mouth Called The Fances, The Back Of The Throat, Is Commonly Injected, Inflamed, And Ulcerated In The Course Of Some Acute Febrile Affections, Such As Scarlet Fever. It Is Also Subject To Several Purely Local Affections. The Following Are The More Important ...

Diseases Of The Tongue
Diseases Of The Tongue. Glossitis. Inflammation Of The Structure Of The Tongue, An Acute Disease Of Rare Occurrence. Ulceration. An Ulceration Of The Mucous Surface Of The Tongue Assuming Different Forms. (a) Small Round Ulcers Like Those Seen On The Lips, Or Taking The Form Of A Cleft. (b) Wider ...

Diseases Of The Tubular
Diseases Of The Tubular Or Duct Glands And Their Parts Or Appendages. The Glands Included Under This Head Possess A Tubular Struct Ure, And Have A Canal Or Passage For Conveying Away The Fluid Which They Have Secreted Or Excreted. Some Of Them, Like The Liver, Have A Reservoir Or ...

Diseases Of The Veins
Diseases Of The Veins. The Veins, Vessels Which Bring The Blood Back To The Heart After It Has Passed From The Arteries Through The Minute Circula Tion, Are Subject To Local Changes Or Diseases, Which, On The Official Oollegiate Record, Are Put Under Seven Principal Heads. Phlebitis. Inflammation Of The ...

Diseases Of The
Diseases Of The The Local Diseases Of The Heart And Circulatory Apparatus Are Placed Under Various Heads, According To The Particular Part That Is Affected. The Parts Include The Pericardium, Or Double Ebro Serous Bag In Which The Heart Is Enveloped, And By Which It Is Re Tained In Position, ...

Disieases Of The Structures
Disieases Of The Structures Of The Teeth. Caries. Caries Of The Teeth Is A Slow Process Of 'destruction Or Ulceration Without Any Attempt At Repair. It Commences Usu Ally In The Enamel Or Crown Of The Tooth, But It May Commence From Inflammation Affecting The Dentine Or Supporting Bony Tubes ...

Disorders Of The Circulatory
Disorders Of The Circulatory System. The Circulatory System Is Apt To Become Painfully Affected During The Pregnant State. An Obstruction To The Flow Of Blood Back To The Heart By The Large Veins, An Obstruction Caused By The Pressure Of The Enlarged Uterus Or Womb, May Give Origin To En ...

Disorders Of The Digestive
Disorders Of The Digestive System. During The Pregnant State The Female Of Human Kind Is Liable To Suffer From Various Local Affections Which Are Considered Special To Her Condition At That Time. Some Of These Affections Are Most Distressing, But Happily It Is Rare That The Worst Of Them Become ...

Disorders Of The Glandular
Disorders Of The Glandular System. It Has Been Stated That Salivation Or Overaction Of The Salivary Glands Is An Occasional Symptom During Pregnancy. Other Glands Are Sometimes Affected, The Kidneys Being Those Most Likely To Be Implicated. This May Easily Be Assumed When The Position Of The Kidneys In Relation ...

Disorders Of The Nervous
Disorders Of The Nervous System. The Nervous System Is Most Apt To Be Subject To Disorder During The Period Of Pregnancy. The Following Are The Derange Ments Officially Defined As The Most Important. Neuralgias. Neuralgia Pains, Of A Very Acute Kind, Are Of Rather Common Occurrence. They Often Start Suddenly, ...

Dyspepsia
Dyspepsia. Literally Bad Or Imperfect Digestion. A Condition In Which The Food Taken Into The Stomach Is Not Naturally Digested, And In Which The Stomach Becomes Either Overcharged With Food, Or Subjected To Foods That Undergo Fermentation Or Other Changes Which Are Not According To Nature. Pain, Distention, Oppression, Disturbed ...

Electrical Conditions Of The
Electrical Conditions Of The Air. From The Experimental Data Recorded In The Last Chapter But One, It May Readily Be Inferred That Varying Electrical Conditions Of The Atmosphere Lead To Important States Of Body And To Disease. The Common Experience Tells Us That Many Persons Of An Impres Sionable Nature ...

Emotional Delusion And Melancholy
Emotional Delusion And Melancholy. Under Emotional Excitement Persons Of A Susceptible Tempera Ment Become In Certain Cases Charged With Peculiar Delusions, Which Never, Perhaps, Thoroughly Pass Away, But Which May Be So Intensified As To Produce Tendencies Decisively Insane. A Sud Den Terror Is The Commonest Cause Of This Condition ...

Emotional General Synoope
Emotional General Synoope. A Blow Or Shock Delivered Through The Emotions Is Not Uncom Monly Followed By Syncope Or Fainting. In A Past Day Emotional Syncope Or Swoon Would Seem To Have Been Of Much More Com Mon Occurrence Than In This Day. The Swoon Which Once Was Historical, And ...

Emotional Intermittency Of The
Emotional Intermittency Of The Heart. The Affection Of The Heart Described At Pp. 13s-9 As Intermit Tency, Is A Condition Of Disease Which Is Specially Induced By The Influence Of Emotion Or Passion. This Is So Strictly The Fact, That Out Of An Unusually Large Observation Of Instances Of Such ...

Emotional Local Synope
Emotional Local Synope. In Sufferers From Intermittency Of The Heart, Another Symptom Connected With The Irregular Supply Of Blood Is Occasionally Pre Sented. This Symptom Consists Of A Sensation Of Coldness Or Numbness In The Fingers Of One Or Other Hand, Which Sensation Is Followed By Quick Blanching Of The ...

Emotional Palpitation
Emotional Palpitation. The Unnatural Action Of The Heart, Called Palpitation, Is A Temporary Disease Often Induced By Emotional Excitement. The Condition Of The Heart When It Palpitates Is, In Some Respects, The Same As That Which Happens During Intermittent Action, That Is To Say, Certain Of The Sounds Are Lost ...

Emotional Paralysis And Apoplexy
Emotional Paralysis And Apoplexy. In States Of The Nervous System, Where From The Progress Of Organic Nervous Disease The Danger Of Nervous Seizure Is Immi Nent, The Effects Of Emotional Excitement Sometimes Tell With Great Effect Upon The Body, Through The Nervous System. Slight Emotional Attacks Frequently Repeated, Or Constant ...

Emotional Unsteadiness Of The
Emotional Unsteadiness Of The Circulation. Unsteadiness Of The Circulation, Without Actual Intermittency, La A Condition Of Disease That Is Very Often Connected With Emo Tional Excitements. The Heart In Such Cases Is Said To Be Irrita Ble, And It Is Very Readily Made Irregular In Its Beat, At One Time ...

Enteritis
Enteritis. Inflammation Of The Whole, Or Of A Portion Of The Mucous Tract Of The Small Intestines. In Some Instances Enteritis Is A Purely Local Affection, Occurring After Exposure To Cold And Priva Tion. In Other Instances It Is The Result Of Injury, Or Of The Pas Sage Of Irritant ...

Errors In Dentition
Errors In Dentition. In The Process Of Cutting The Teeth, And In The Development Of The Teeth, Whether The Temporary Or The Permanent Sets, There Are Certain Errors Or Irregularities Which Are Noticed By Our Stand Ard Authority As Forms Of Disease. These Irregularities Are : (a) An Irregularity In ...

Erysipelas Or St Anthonys
Erysipelas Or St. Anthony's Fire. A Specific Inflammation Of The Skin, Of A Contagious Character And Tending To Spread Over The Surface Of The Skin. The Inflam Mation Sometimes Springs Up Spontaneously, Affecting The Head And Face More Frequently Than Other Parts Of The Body. It Is Apt To Occur ...

Exhaustion From Mental Shock
Exhaustion From Mental Shock. In The Feeble Mental Shock, Both In The Acute And In The After Stages Of Its Action, Tells, Through The Nervous System, Upon The Heart. At First It Leads To Faintness, Which May Be Complete, And Which, In Rare Instances, Is Complete To Fatality. Short Of ...

Exposure To Cold
Exposure To Cold. Exposure To Cold Is An Accident Fatal To Life In Two Ways. First, By Extreme Action, As When A Person Is Exposed To Glacial Cold Without Due Protection From It; And, Secondly, When A Per Son In An Enfeebled Condition Is Exposed To The Influence Of Mod ...

Functional Derangement
Functional Derangement. An Expression Employed To Define A Class Of Disorders, As Yet Very Obscure In Their Nature, In Which The Organs Of The Body Are Moved To Manifestations Of Disease Without Being Themselves Actually Changed In Structure. The Affected Organs May Seem, To All Appearances And To All Present ...

Functional Diseases Of Tee
Functional Diseases Of Tee Brain And Spinal Cord. The Diseased Conditions Above Described Are Assumed To Be Dependent, Always, Upon Actual Change Of Structure, Temporary Or Permanent, Of The Brain, Spinal Cord, Or Nervous Cords. In Addi Tion To These Nervous Affections, Organic In Character, Are Some Others Which Are ...

Functional Diseases Of The
Functional Diseases Of The Heart. Syncope. Fainting Fit. A Failure Of The Heart, Leading To Sudden Collapse, Coldness And Failure Of The Body, With Unconsciousness, Called Commonly Deliquium, Swoon, Or Faint. Syncope May Occur From Nervous Shock, Bodily Exhaustion, Loss Of Blood, Or Mental Emotion. In Syncope, As I Have ...

Gangrene And Mortification
Gangrene And Mortification. When An Organ Or Structure Ceases To Live, Either From Defi Ciency In Its Supply Of Blood Or From Deficiency Of Its Nervous Supply, And When, So Changed, It Begins To Darken And To Give Off Offensive Gases, The Term Gangrene, Or Mortification, Is Used To Ex ...

General Affections Of The
General Affections Of The Eye And Defects Of Sight. Glaucoma. Glaucoma Is An Affection In Which The Globe Of The Eye Be Comes Large, Dull, And Tense, With Dilated Fixed Pupil, Greenness Of Color Beyond The Pupil, And Excavation Of The Optic Disk. The Disease, Attended With Much Pain Followed ...

General Anestiiesia In Relation
General Anestiiesia In Relation To Disease And Mortality. Since The Beneficent Art Of Anesthesia For Removal Of In Surgical Operations Has Been Reintroduced Into Medicine, Certain Diseases And Fatal Accidents Have No Doubt Also Been Intro Duced. But The Evil Caused In This Manner Has Been Compara Tively Trifling Compared ...

General Diseases Of The
General Diseases Of The Cerebro-spinal System. The Cerebro-spinal Nerves, Issuing From The Brain And Spinal Cord And Distributed Over The Body, Are Subject To Diseases Similar To The Brain And Spinal Cord Themselves. They May Be Subjected To Inflammation, Or Neuritis: And To Atrophy. They May Also Be The Seat ...

Glanders
Glanders. A Contagious Disease Commencing As A Specific Inflammation Usually Of The Mucous Membrane Of The Nose And Throat, And Originating In Contagion Derived From A Glandered Horse. In The Horse The Poisonous Matter Comes From The Mucous Secretion Of The Nostrils, But It May Enter The Human Subject By ...

Gonorrhea
Gonorrhea. A Contagious Disease Affecting Both Sexes, And Consisting Of A Suppurative Inflammation, Yielding A Specific Poisonous Secretion, And Sometimes Accompanied With Swelling In The Groin. The Disease Has An Acute And Chronic Stage, The Chronic Or Prolonged Stage Being Commonly Called Gleet. The Period Of Incubation Varies From Three ...

Hashish Disease From Cannabis
Disease From Cannabis Indica, Hashish, Bang. The Active Principle Of Indian Hemp, Called Haschish Or Bang, Induces Very Definite And Peculiar Phenomena Of Disease In Those Who Indulge In It. It Is A Substance Extensively Used In Eastern Countries As A Luxury, And Occasionally It Is Resorted To In Europe ...

Hemorrhage
Hemorrhage. When The Blood Having Escaped From Its Vessels, Flows Away From Them, Is Said To Have Occurred. If Time Blood Is Slowly Oozing Away The Hemorrhage Is Said To Be Passive. If The Blood Flows In A Steady Stream, Or If It Spurts Out In A Jet, The Hemorrhage ...

Hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids. Swellings, Vulgarly Called Piles, In The Lowest Part Of The Straight Intestine And Consisting Of A Vascular Enlargement, Or Of Enlargements, Covered By The Mucous Membrane, Which Protrude Into The Passage, And Which Often Extrude From The Outlet Of The Bowel So As To Exist There As Small Or ...

Hereditary Special Taints
Hereditary Special Taints. The Number Of Hereditary Taints Of Disease Are So Large That The Mind Is Inclined, Almost, To Accept That Every Definable Disease Is Hereditary With More Or Less Of Directness And Intensity. The Following Are The Most Generally Accepted Of The Hereditary Taints Of Disease, Called, Commonly, ...

Hernia
Hernia. Whenever An Organ Or Part Of The Body Protrudes From The Cavity Containing It, Pushing Before It The Skin Of The Body, Her Nia Is Said To Have Taken Place. The Term Comes From Hernos, A Branch, And Implies A Branching Out Of The Protruded Structure. Thus Protrusion Of ...

Herpes
Herpes. Herpes Is A Cutaneous Disease In Which There Is A Vesicular Eruption, Comparatively Transient In Character, With The Vesicles Ranged Together In Clusters. The Skin In The Part Affected Is In Jected And Inflamed, And At First The Fluid Filling The Little Vesi Cles Is Almost Transparent. As The ...

Hypertophy And Atrophy Of
Hypertophy And Atrophy Of The Brain. Hypertrophy Means An Actual Enlargement Or Overgrowth Of Brain Substance Generally. Atrophy Means A Wasting Of Brain Substance Generally. Both Are Conditions Of Great Significance. As Common Diseases Dependent On Physical Causes They Are Rare; But As Conditions Produced By Mental Activity Or Inactivity, ...

Hypochondriasis And Mania
Hypochondriasis And Mania. The Pregnant Woman May Be Subject To That Singular Depres Sion Of Mind And Morbid Sense Of Fear And Fancy, Which We Have Had Before Us In A Preceding Chapter Under The Head The Affection Is Exceedingly Uncommon In Women At Any Time, And Is Not Very ...

Hysteria
Hysteria. A Functional Disorder Probably Of The Great Sympathetic Or Organic Nervous System, During The Existence Of Which Almost Every Other Disease Of A Nervous Kind, Even Such A Disease As Tetanus, May Be Simulated Without Practical Danger To Life. As A Rule, However, The Symptoms Are Special, Consisting Of ...

Induced Or Acquired Diseases
Induced Or Acquired Diseases. In The Previous Book, Treating On The History And Phenomena Of What, In The Present State Of Our Knowledge, May Fairly Be Called Natural Diseases, I Have Classified The Diseases According To The Parts Of The Body In Which They Are Manifested. This Plan Seemed To ...

Inebriety From Mental Shock
Inebriety From Mental Shock. Persons Breaking Down, As Here Described, Show The Failure In Various Ways. Some, Losing Moral Control Over Themselves, Resort To Artificial Methods For Sustainment, Flying Generally To Such Agents As Alcohol For Support. These Form The Class Whom Dr. Crothers Defines As Dipsomaniacs From Mental Wound. ...

Inflammation
Inflammation. Inflammation Is One Of The Most Common Conditions Of Dis Ease, And From Oldest Times The Term, Like The Term Fever, Has Been In Common Use. The Question Whether There Can Be Fever Without Inflammation Is, In Fact, One Of The Oldest Problems In Medicine, Dating Even From Erasistratus. ...

Influence Of Particular Winds
Influence Of Particular Winds And On General Climatic Differences. That Certain Winds Are Provocative Of Certain Symptoms Of Disease, And That They Intensify Certain Symptoms In Those Who Are Suffering From Disease, Is A Part Of Universal, As Well As Of Medical, Knowledge. 'thus The Southwest Wind Is Known To ...