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Chewing The Cud
Chewing The Cud. The Operation Of Leisurely Re-chewing Or Masticating The Food In Ruminating Animals, As The Cow, Sheep, &c. By This Means The Food Is More Effectually Broken Down, And Mixed With The Saliva. If E Ruminant Animal Ceases To Chew The Cud, Im• Mediate Illness May Be Expected, ...

Chick Pea
Chick Pea (cicer Arietinum). Pl. 7, T. A Plant Too Delicate For Field Culture In Eng. Land ; But In The South Of France It Is Grown For The Same Purpose As Vetches In England. The Seeds Are Used In Germany And Some Other Parts Of Europe As A Substitute ...

Chickweed
Chickweed. A Low, Creeping Weed, Of Which There Are Several Varieties. The Com Mon Chickweed, Or Stitch-wort (stellaria Media), Has An Annual, Small, Tapering Root ; Flowering From March To December. Small Birds And Poultry Eat The Seeds, And Whole Herb ; Whence Its Name. Swine Are Extremely Fond Of ...

Chinch Bug
Chinch Bug. A Name, Which, From Some Resemblance To The Bed-bug, Especially In The Disgusting Smell, Has Been Popularly Applied To An Insect Often Of Late Years Occasioning Wide-spread Destruction In The Wheat, Indian Corn, And Other Grain Fields Of The South And Southwestern States. Not Being Able To Find ...

Chinese Sugar Cane
Chinese Sugar-cane Of The Northern Provinces. This Member Of The Sorghum Family From Asia, With Its Confrere The Afri Oan Itnph6e, Have Been Introduced Into The U. S. Since 1857. As Yet They Have Disap Pointed The Hopes Of The Many Who Expected Them To Supply Sugar In Abundance In ...

Chloride Of Lime
Chloride Of Lime. Commonly Known As Bleaching Salt, Or Bleaching Powder, Is A Dry Grayish-white Powder, Possessing A Hot Netrating Taste, And, When Pure, Soluble In Water. It Is Used By Putting A Few Tablespoonsftil Of The Salt In A Plate Or Shallow Earthen Vessel, And Pouring On, From Time ...

Chloride Of Soda
Chloride Of Soda. A Well Known Pow Erful Disinfectant Or Destroyer Of Offensive Smells, Discovered And Brought Into Use By A French Chemist, Who Prepared From It A Solution Sold Extensively Under The Name Of Labarraque's Disinfective Solution. It Is Employed By Sprinkling In Sick Rooms, Privies, &c. Like The ...

Chloride Of Sodium
Chloride Of Sodium: Mitriate Of Soda, Or Common Salt. This Mineral Production, So Necessary To The Wants Of Mankind, Is Universally Distributed Over The Globe, Either In Solution, As In Sea Water And Mineral Springs, Or In Beds And Solid Rocks, Forming Mountains, From Which It Is Procured In Masses ...

Chocolate
Chocolate Is An Alimentary Preparation Of Very Ancient Use In Mexico, From Which Country It Was Introduced Into Europe By The Spaniards In The Year 1520, And By Them Long Kept A Secret From The Rest Of The World. Lin Limns Was So Fond Of It, That He Gave The ...

Chronic Cough
Chronic Cough. In Horses, This Is A Frequent Consequence Of Chest Diseases. In A Few Instances This Seems To Be Connected With Worms ; And If The Coat Is Unthrifty, The Flanks Tucked Up, And There Is Mucus Around The Anus, It Will Be Proper To Put The Connexion Between ...

Chrysalis
Chrysalis. Many Worms Or Larvae, After They Have Attained Their Full Growth, Leave Off Eating Entirely And Remain At Rest In A Death Like Sleep. This Is Called The Pupa State, From A Fancied Resemblance To The Manner In Which The Roman Children Were Trussed In Bandages. The Pupa: Frcim ...

Churn
Churn (german; Goth. Kerna ; Dutch, Kernen. Our Old Authors Wrote It Cherne, And Kern Is Yet A Local Word, And Generally Used North Of The Tweed). A Vessel In Which Cream Is Coagu Lated By Long And Violent Agitation. There Are Many Different Kinds Of Churns, But Those Most ...

Class I Sheep Without Horns
Class I.-sheep Without Horns. The New Leicester Sheep, Says Mr. Youatt, Which Comprehends The Most Excellent Of Bakewell's Own Breed, And Of Culley's Variety Or Improvement On It, Is Precisely The Form For A Sheep Provided With Plenty Of Good Food, And Without Any Great Distance To Travel Or Exertion ...

Class
Class, An Appellation Used To Denote The Most General Divisions Of Which Any Thing Is Susceptible. Thus In The Linneaan System Of Natural History, The Animal Kingdom Is Divided Into Six Great Classes, Of Mammalia, Or Ani Mals Which Suckle Their Young; Aves, Or Birds ; Pieces, Or Fishes ; ...

Clay
Clay. A Well Known Constituent Of Snits, Adding To Them Compactness And Tenacity. Under The Head Of Analysis, P. 91, Is A Table Showing A Classification Of Soils, From Which It Appears, That As A General Rule, Those Exhibiting The Highest Percentage Of Clay, Are Esteemed 330 The Most Valuable. ...

Climate Of The United
Climate Of The United States. The Temperature Of The Atmosphere Constitutes The Principal Element Of Climate. If The Tem Peratures Of Places Depended Solely Upon The Position Of The Earth In Relation To The Sun, Then Would Every Place Receiving The Rays At A Similar Angle Be Similarly Heated, And ...

Climate Rometer
Rometer, Climate, Dew, Fogs, Frost, Hoar Frost, Lightning, Rain, Snow, Moon, In Fluence Of, &c. As Means Of Prognosticating The Future States Of The Weather, Data, Either Natural, Artificial, Or Both Combined, Are Usually Referred To. In The Natural Data Are Included Those Of 1. The Vegetable Kingdom ; Many ...

Clotted Or Clouted Cream
Clotted Or Clouted Cream. Under 338 The Head Of Buirsn, The Process Of Making This Preparation Is Described; But As The Subject Is One Of Particular Interest To The American Dairy, The Following More Detailed Account Is Inserted, Taken From The Library Of Useful %0w Ledge, 2d Vol. Of British ...

Clover Box
Clover Box. A Contrivance For Sowing !,lover Seed, Of Very Simple Construction, Easily Made And At Trifling Expense, Was Invented By He Late Mr. Bordley, Of Maryland. It Is Called The Clover Box, And In Some Sections Of The Country It Is In General Use. It Not Only Scat Ters ...

Clover
Clover. One Of The Most Valuable Spe Cies Of The Artificial Grasses, Of Which There Are Several Varieties, Too Well Known To Need A Particular Description. 1. White Clover, White Trefoil, Or Dutch Clover (trifoliwm Repens), Grow Ing On Almost All Soils And Situations. Pl. 8, A. 2. Perennial Red ...

Club Moss
Club Moss (lycopodinni, From ',rims A Wolf, And 70"eic A Foot, Because Of The Resem Blance Of The Roots). This Moss Grows Abun Dantly On Mountainous Heaths Or Stony Moors; Some Of The Species, Which Are Numerous, Reach To A Foot High, In Watery, Healthy, Mountainous Situations. The Seeds Are ...

Cob
Cob. A Kind Of Wicker Basket, Made So As To Be Carried On The Arm. Hence A Seed-cob, Or Seed-lip, Is A Basket For Sowing From. Cob Was Formerly The Name For A Spider, Hence We Have Cobweb. Cob Is Also Applied Provincially In England To A Round Sort Of ...

Coccus
Coccus. A Genus Of Insects Frequenting Certain Plants. Naturalists Enumerate More Than Twenty Species. Among These Are The Cochineal Insect Of The Tropical Parts Of Ame Rica, And The Scarlet-grain Of Poland (coccus Polonicus) Which Thrives Only In Cold Climates. This Last Is Sometimes Called The Cochineal Of The North, ...

Cochineal
Cochineal. An America Insect Greatly Valued On Account Of Its Use In Dying Crimson, 342 Scarlet, &c., And _preparing Carmine. When First Discovered It Was Taken To Europe As A Seed, But Was Proved By The Observations Of Lewenhoeck To Be An Insect, Being The Female Of That Species Of ...

Cockchaffer
Cockchaffer (melolontha Vulgaris). One Of The Common Names For A Species Of European Tree Beetle, Whose Food Consists Almost Entirely Of Leaves. They Come Rather Late In The Vernal Season, About May 20th, But Occasionally Ap Pear At Uncertain Intervals In Amazing Swarms. White Says, They Abound Only Once In ...

Cocks Foot Finger Grass
Finger Grass, Cock's-foot (digitaria Sanguinalis, From Digitus, A Finger ; The Head Is Divided So As Fancifully To Resemble Fingers). Pl. 7,f. This Must Not Be Confounded With The Dactylis Glomerata, Cock's-foot Or Orchard Grass. It Is An Uninteresting Native Wild Grass, Found In Sandy Cultivated Fields, In England, But ...

Cocks Foot Grass
Cock's-foot Grass (dactylis Glomerata) Pl. 5, B. Commonly Called Orchahl Grass In The Middle And Northern States. A Species Of Grass, Which, From The Experiments Of Sinclair, Appears To Become By Cultivation Superior To Rye Grass And Some Others As A Pasture Grass, If Kept Closely Cropped By Cattle Or ...

Coffee Tree
Coffee Tree (gynvuocladus Canadensis); This Native North American Tree Is Found As High Northward As Upper Canada Beyond Mon Treal; And On The Southern Shores Of Lakes Erie And Ontario. It Is, However, Much Less Abun Dant In These Climes Than In The States Of Ken Tucky And Tennessee, And ...

Coffee
Coffee. The Seed Of A Tree Of The Family Rubiacete. There Are Several Species Of The Genus, But The Only One Cultivated Is The Coffcea .8rabica, A Native Of Upper Ethiopia And Arabia Felix. It Rises To The Height Of Fifteen Or Twenty Feet. Its Trunk Sends Forth Opposite Branches ...

Colchicum
Colchicum (colchicum Autwmnale). Com Mon Meadow Saffron. A Bulb Throwing Up A Reddish Purple Flower Without Leaves In Sep Tember And October: Grows Three Or Four Inches High : Found In Moist Rich Meadows, But Not Common. It May Be Propagated From Offsets In July. Every Part Of The Plant ...

Colza
Colza. Though Comparatively But Little Cultivated In England, And Hardly Known In The United States, Colza Is An Article Of Im Mense Importance In French And Flemish Hus Bandry, It Belongs To The Cabbage Family, And Is Cultivated For Its Oily Seed, Which Are Crushed And Pressed For Their Oil, ...

Common Avens
Avens, Common, Or Herb Bennet (geum Urbanum). An Indigenous Perennial Plant, Which Grows Plentifully In Woods And About Shady Dry Hedges, Producing Small Bright Yellow Flowers From May Till August. The Stalks Of This Useful Plant Attain Two Feet High, They Are Erect, Round, Finely, Hairy Branched At The Upper ...

Common Barberry
Barberry, Common, Or Pipperidge Bush (berberis Vulgaris). In England An In Digenous Thorny Shrub, Bearing Bunches Of Pale Yellow Drooping Flowers In May, Which Are Succeeded By Oblong Scarlet Berries, Ripen Ing In September. The Branches Are Flexible, Covered With Alternate Tufts Of Deciduous, Egg. Shaped, Pinnated Leaves, Finely Fringed ...

Common Birds Foot
Bird's Foot, Common (ornithopus Per Pusillus). A Weed Found Most Generally In Sandy Or Gravelly Pastures. Root Fibrous, An Nual, Though It Is Sometimes Propagated By Subterraneons Lateral Knobs In The Manner Of A Potato, In Which Case The Seeds Are Abortive. The Stems, Often Numerous, Are Procumbent, From Three ...

Common Buckthorn
Buckthorn, Common (rhamnus Ca Tharticus). A Hardy Indigenous Prickly Shrub, Common In Hedge Rows In England ; Flowering In May, And Ripening Its Fruit In September. The Leaves Have Strong Lateral Nerves, Are Ovate, Toothed, With Linear Stipules; The Flowers Are Yellowish-green, And Are Succeeded By A Black Berry, Which ...

Common Bugle
Bugle, Common (.djuga Reptant). This Very Pretty Wild Plant Grows In Woods, Copses, Moist Pastures, And Shady Places, Flowering In April, May, And June. It Is A Perennial ; Has Blue Flowers, Upright Leafy Stalks, And Glossy Leaves, Of A Deep Purplish-green Colour, Oblong, Broad, Blunt At The Point, And ...

Common Burnet
Burnet,' Common (pimpinella Sari Fraga). There Are Three Species Of Burnet ; Namely, Burnt Saxifrage, Dwarf Burnet, And The Greater Burnet. The Common Burnet Plant (plate 9, A) Was, A Quarter Of A Century Since, Much Cultivated As A Green Crop, From Its Being Able To Thrive On Very Poor, ...

Common Calamint
Calamint, Common (thymus Calm. Mintha, Smith). This Is A Wild Plant, Growing In England In Hedges And Dry Places, Flowering From June Till Autumn. It Is Eight Or Ten Inches High ; Has Roundish Dark-green Leaves, And 249 Whitish Flowers Standing In Whorls Or Little Clusters Surrounding The Stalks, Which ...

Common Celandine
Celandine, Common (chelidonium Ma Jus). Celandine Is A Wild Plant With Large Leaves And Bright Yellow Flowers, Growing In Shady Places, Waste And Untilled Lands, And Thickets, &c., Especially On A Chalky Soil, And Flowering From April Through The Summer. It Grows Two Feet High, And The Stalks Are Round ...

Common Colts Foot
Colts-foot, Common. (tsessilagp Far Fara). Pl. 10, 1. This Is An Herb Of Peculiar Growth, Very Common In England On Chalky Or Manly Soil, In Moist Situations. , It Is Mostly Found In Fields That Are Over-cropped Or Ex Hausted, And Often Severely Exercises The Pa Tience Of The Farmer. ...

Common Comfrey
Comfrey, Common (symphytum Offici Nale). This Wild Plant Grows By The Sides Of Ditches And In Moist Places To A Height Of Three Feet. The Leaves Are A Deep Green Colour, Pointed, Long, And Rough To The Touch. The Stalk Is Green, Thick, And Upright, And Winged At The Bases ...

Common Creeping Cinque Foil
Cinque-foil, Common Creeping, Or Five Fingered Grass (potentilla Rep Tans). This Creeping Plant Is Common About Waysides, And In Meadows And Pastures In England, Where It Is A Perennial, Flowering In June. Its Stalks Are Round, Smooth, And Red, Lying Upon The Ground, And Taking Root At The Joints. The ...

Common Daisy
Daisy, Common, Or Day's Eye (bellis Perennis). These Large White Gawky-looking Flowers Are So Universal In English Pastures And Meadows, That Description Is Almost Need Less. They Flower All The Year, Principally Dot Ting The Meadows Early In May; In March They Begin To Be Common, And After Midsummer To ...

Common Dandelion
Dandelion, Common (leontodon Taraxa Cum). A Corruption Of The French Name Dent De Leon, Or Lion's Tooth. An Indigenous, Peren Nial, Plant, Growing In Meadows And Pastures, On Roadsides, Ditch Banks, And Indeed Every Where. Root Tap-shaped, Very Milky, Exter Nally Black, Difficult Of Extirpation ; Leaves Nu Merous, Spreading, ...

Common Flax
Flax, Common (sax. Peax Or Rtex, Ger. Jlachs ; Dutch, Vlasch). The Fibre Of The Linum Usitatissimum,, Which, After Undergoing The Pro Cess Of Washing, Beating, And Other Operations, Is Spun Into Thread, And Woven Into Linen Tex Tures, Lace, &c. The Seed Is Also Crushed For Oil ; And ...

Common Fleabane
Fleabane, Common (mule Dysenterica). This Plant Is Very Abundant In Clear Ditches And In Watery Places About Road-sides. It Is A Perennial, With A Creeping Root ; Herb More Or Less Woolly Or Cottony, Glutinous, With A Pecu Liar Acid Aromatic Scent, Somewhat Like The Flavour Of Peaches. The Stem ...

Common Flowering Rush
Flowering Rush, Common (butomus Tumbellatus). This Beautiful Aquatic Plant Is In England A Native Of Ponds, Ditches, And The Margins Of Rivers On A Gravelly Soil. It Flowers In July And August. The Leaves Are Narrow, Acute, Nearly A Yard Long. The Stalk Is Still Taller, Round, And Very Smooth, ...

Common Foxglove
Foxglove, Common (digitalis Pwrpu Rea). A Very Handsome Biennial Plant, Blow Ing Purplish-crimson, Or Occasionally White Flowers, From June To September. In England It Is Found Wild In Pastures And About Hedges Or Banks, On A Gravelly, Sandy, Or Chalky Soil. In Gardens It Is Easily Propagated By Seed. The ...

Common Gorse Furze
Furze, Common; Gorse, Or Whin (ulex Ewropmus). Pl. 9, This Hardy Ever Green Shrub Is Indigenous To Most Parts Of Great Britain, And Grows Abundantly On Sandy Or Gravelly Heaths And Commons ; And When Viewed In The Light Of A Weed It Is One Of The Most Determined Growers, ...

Common Hyssop
Hyssop, Common (hyssopus Officinalis, Probably From The Hebrew). There Are Three Varieties, Distinguished By The Colour Of The Flowers, The White, Red, And Blue ; The Last Of Which Is Most Commonly Cultivated. It Is A Perennial, Native Of Siberia. The Root Is Knobbed, Woody, Fibrous ; The Stem About ...

Common Knot Grass
Knot-grass, Common (polygonum Avi Culare From ?romp, Many, And You, A Knee; Re Ferring To The Numerous Joints Of The Stem). This Common Annual Grass Is In England Found Almost Everywhere, In Waste As Well As Cultivated Ground, Streets, Paths, And Barren Sandy Places. The Root Is Fibrous, Long, Very ...

Common Melilot
Melilot, Common, Melilot Trefoil, King's Clover, Hart's Clover. P1. 10, B. (trifo Lium Officinale.) This Plant Is Very Nearly Allied To The Long-rooted Clover : The Tapering Root, However, Appears To Be Strictly Annual. The Lower Leaves Are Oblong, Wedge-shaped ; The Upper Ones Elliptical : They Are More Serrate, ...

Common Salt
Salt, Common, As A Manure (germ. Ii. Sale). This Salt Is A Compound Of Chlorine And A Meta], The Base Of Soda, Called Or, In Chemical Language, Salt Is A Chloride Of Sodium. It Is Too Well Known To Require De Scription; But It May Be Proper To State That ...

Common Salt_2
Salt, Common. With Potatoes.—there Have Be 311 Various Ex Periments Made With Salt As A Manure For Po Tatoes. The Author Of This Work, In 1817, On A Gravelly Soil, At Great Totham, In Essex, Made The Following Trials :— 1. Soil Simple, Produce Per Acre - - 120 2. ...

Common Wild Basil
Basil, Common Wild (chenopodium Vulgare). This Is Also Slightly Aromatic, And Is A Perennial Succulent Herb, Growing In Bushy Places, About Hedges, And By Road Sides, On A Gravelly Or Chalky Soil. The Herb Rises About A Foot High On A Wavy, Light. Green, Hairy Stem, With Ovate Leaves, An ...

Compost
Compost (fr.; Lat. Compositum). That Sort Of Manure Which Is Formed By The Union Or Mixture Of One Or More Different Ingredients With Dung, Or Other Similar Matter. An Excel Lent Essay, By Mr. James Dixon, On Making Compost Heaps From Liquids And Other Sub Stances, Written On The Evidence ...

Conservatory
Conservatory (lat.). Ia (dazed Struc 350 Ture, In Which Exotic Trees And Shrubs Are Grown In A Bed Or Floor Of Soil. It Is Distin Guished From An Orangery By Its Having A Glazed Roof, While That Of The Latter Is Opaque, And From A Green-house By The Plants Being ...

Contraction Of The Hoof
Contraction Of The Hoof. In Far Riery, Is A Distorted State Of The Horny Substance Of The Hoof In Cattle, Producing All The Mis Chiefs Of Unnatural And Irregular Pressure On The Soft Parts Contained In It, And Consequently A Degree Of Lameness Which Can Only Be Cured By Removing ...

Cordgrass
Cordgrass (spartino Stricta. From Spar Tine, A Rope Made Of Broom). A Genus Of Pe Rennial Maritime Grasses Found In Muddy Salt Marshes On The Sea Coast, Of Which This Is The Only Native Variety. They Are Very Easy Of Culture, And Increased By Divisions And Seed& Roots, Creeping, With ...

Coriander
Coriander, (coriandrum Sativunn. From Mg's, A Bug; The Fresh Leaves, When Bruised, Emitting An Odour Very Similar To That Of This Vermin). Coriander Thrives Best In A Mode Rately Rich But Sandy Loam: Excessive Moisture Is Equally Inimical To It As The Want Of A Regu Lar Supply. It Must ...

Cork Oak
Cork Oak (quercus Suber). The Tree Pro Ducing The Thick, Light, And Soft Bark, Out Of Which Corks Are Made, Is A Species Of Oak Found In The Southern Parts Of Europe, In Spain, France, And Italy. Both Public And Private Interest, Says Michaux, Requires The In Habitants Of The ...

Corn Crowfoot
Corn-crowfoot (ranwwculu• Arvensis). 45 A Weed Very Common Among Corn. Root Fibrous. It Has An Upright Stalk ; The Leaves Aro Of A Pale, Shining Green, And Cut Into Long, Nar Row, Acute Segments. The Lemon-coloured Flowers Are Much Smaller And Paler Than Those Of The Crowfoot Which Is Found ...

Corn Cutting Machines
Corn-cutting Machines. Machines For Cutting Wheat And Other Grains By Horse Power, Of Which None Have Hitherto Been Pro Duced In England Whose Merits Have Insured Their Adoption By The Farmer. Of The Several English Patents Obtained, That Called Smith's Reaping Illachine, Is Perhaps The Most Approved. For A Minute ...

Corn Laws
Corn Laws. The Regulation Of The Sup Ply, And Consequently, The Value Of Corn In Different Countries In Europe, Has Been An Ob Ject Of Legislation From A Very Remote Period ; A Public Interference, Varying, However, In De Gree, From That Of Protective Taxation, To That Which Was Intended ...

Corn Marygold
Corn Marygold (chrysanthemum Seg.? Turn). In Scotland, This Is Called Yellow Gowns, Quills, Goods; In Kent, England, Yellow Bottle; Itt Norfolk, Budland ; Midland Counties, Golds, Goulds, Or Gowls ; North Of England, Gowlans, Golden, Gules. Linnwus Says There Is A Law In Denmark Which Obliges The Farmers To Extirpate ...

Corn Moth
Corn Moth (tinea Granella). Among The Insects Most Injurious In Their Attacks On Grain, When Laid Up In Magazines, Is The Larva Of This Small Moth (the Mottled Woollen Moth Of Ha Worth), The Caterpillar Of Which Is Also Called In England The White Corn Worm. The Perfect Moth Measures, ...

Corn Poppy
Corn Poppy (papaver Rhams). Pl. 10, S. Indifferently Called Red-poppy, Corn Rose, Cop Rose, Head-,'ark, Red-weed, Red-mailkes, &c. A Troublesome Weed In Corn Fields. Annual, Flowering From June To July. Beautiful Varie Ties Of This Species, With Semi-double Flowers, Variegated With Rose-colour And White, Are Easily Cultivated For Ornament, But ...

Cottages
Cottages. These For Labourers Are Com Monly Constructed Merely With A Regard To Economy ; The Comfort And Health Of Their Fu Ture Tenants Being Too Often Disregarded. Such Cottages Should Never Consist Of Less Than Two Bedrooms, And A Kitchen, And Outhouse. They Will Be Found To Be Considerably ...

Cotton Grass
Cotton-grass (eriophorwm. Ital. Co Tone ; Fr. Coton). A Perennial Native Genus Of Grasses, Comprising Seven Species, Which Have No Particular Merit To Warrant Their Recom Mendation For The Purpose Of The Agriculturist ; Their Productive And Nutritive Powers Being Very Inferior. Sinclair Gives Us The Result Of His Experiments ...

Counties
Counties.) The Following Real Appraisement Of A Farm In Surrey, By Mr. Hewitt Davis, An Eminent Appraiser Of The Haymarket, London, Will Af Ford The Young Farmer A Complete View Of The Matters Usually Included In Such Appraise Ments. It Is Usual For These Valuations To Be Made By Appraisers, ...

Cow Pdx
Cow-pdx. In Farriery, Is A Disease Affect Ing The Teats Of Cows. This Disease Appears In The Form Of Small Bluish Vesicles Surrounded By Inflammation, Elevated At The Edge And De Pressnd In The Centre, And Containing A Limpid Fluid. By The Use Of The Virus Of This Disease, 46 ...

Cow Pea_2
Pea, Cow. The Plant Called By This Com Mon Name In Lower Virginia And The Carolinas, Is There Extensively Cultivated. In Some Parts Of Virginia It Is Called The Yeatman Pea, From The Person By Whom It Was Introduced From The Eastern Shore. The Pea Is Of A Yellowish Colour, ...

Cow Wheat
Cow-wheat (melampyrum Pratense). Pl. 7, Q. A Plant Cultivated In Flanders For Feeding Stock. There Are Some Species Of This Plant Found In The United States. One Has Been Called By Botanists .american Melampyrum. This Is Found In Dry, Hilly Woodlands, And On Mica-slate Hills, Where It Flowers In June ...

Cowish
Cowish. A New Species Of Plant, Called Biscuit-root, Found Growing On Dry Land In The Valley Of The Columbia River. Its Size Is About That Of A Walnut, Though Sometimes Larger. Its Taste Resembles That Of The Sweet Potato, And It Is Prepared For Food By The Same Process As ...

Crab Apple
Crab Apple (malus Coronaria). This Species Of Wild Apple Tree Is Found In North America, And At The Time Michaux Wrote His Sylva .americana, He Says Its Nature Had Not Been Modified By Cultivation. The Wild Apple Tree Of Europe, In A Long Series Of Years, Has Yielded A Great ...

Crab Grass
Crab-grass (eleusine Indica). Dog's-tail Grass, Wire Grass. The Grass Described Under These Several Names In The Flora Cestrica, Makes A Fine Carpeting In Yards, Lanes, And Foot-paths, Flowering In The Middle States In August. Cattle And Hogs Are Very Fond Of It, And It Is Recommended As Making Excellent Hay. ...

Cranes Bill
Crane's Bill (geranium). A Genus Of Plants Comprising A Large Number Of Species, Of Which, According To Smith (eng. Flor. Vol. Ii. P. 221), Only Thirteen Are Indigenous. The Blue Meadow Crane's Bill (g. Pratense) Is Found In Rich, Rather Moist Pastures, And Thickets, Es Pecially In The Hilly Parts ...

Creeping Dogs Tooth Grass
Dog's Tooth Grass, Creeping (cy Nodon Dactylon). Pl. 7, K. This Grass Was Identified By A. R. Lambert, Esq. (trans. Linn. Soc. Vol. Vi.) As The Celebrated Hallowed Doob Grass Of The Hindoos. In The East Indies This Grass Grows Luxuriantly, And Is Highly Valued As Food For Horses, &c.; ...

Creosote
Creosote. A Term Derived From Greek Words Signifying "flesh Preserver." It Is The Most Important Of The Five New Chemical Pro Ducts Obtained From Wood-tar, By Dr. Reichen Bach. The Other Four, Are Paraffinic, Evpione, Pi Camar, And Pittacal, None Of Which Have, As Yet, Been Applied To Any Use ...

Crib Biting
Crib-biting. A Vice To Which Some Horses Are Subject ; Consisting In Their Catch Ing Hold Of The Manger, And It Is Said Sucking In The Air. It Generally Proceeds From A De Ranged State Of The Stomach, Bnt It Is Sometimes Brought On By Uneasiness Occasioned By Dis Eases ...

Cricket
Cricket. The Common Or Hearth Cricket (gryllina). This Insect In England Frequents Kitchens And Bakers' Ovens, On Account Of The Warmth Of Those Places. An Easy Method Of Destroying Them Is To Place Phials Half Full Of Beer Or Any Other Liquid Near Their Holes, And They Will Crawl Into ...

Crocus
Crocus. A Well-known Bulbous Plant, Of Which There Are Many Varieties, All Handsome. Plant In Clumps; Move Them Once In Three Years, To Separate The Offsets ; They Like A Good Light Soil. Plant Them Two Inches Deep In The Ground. Smith (eng. Flor. Vol. P.46, And Vol. I P. ...

Crown Imperial
Crown Imperial (fritillaria Imperia Lie). Native Of Persia, With A Large, Scaly, Bulbous, Or Orange-coloured, Disagreeably Smelling Root. Blows Pendent Red Flowers In April And May. There Are Three Varieties, The Red-flowered, The Red Striped-flowered With Striped Leaves, And The Yellow-flowered; That Blowing A Yellow Flower Is The Handsomest. Propagate ...

Cruciform Plants
Cruciform-plants (crucifera), A Class Comprehending Such Garden Vegetables As The Cabbage, Cauliflower, Broccoli, Sea-kale, Turnip, Radish, Mustard, And In Fact Almost Every Culi Nary Article, Except Spinach. The Class De Rives Its Name From The Flowers Having Four Petals Or Flower-leaves, Disposed In The Farm Of A Cross, As Exemplified ...

Crushers For Grain
Crushers For Grain, Are Evidently, Coming Fast Into Use; The Saving Of Food, By Giving The Grain In A Broken State, Being Cer Tainly Very Considerable. It Is A Practice At Least As Old As The Days Of Samuel Hartlib, Who Mentions It With Approbation In His "le Gacies' Machines ...

Cucumber Tree
Cucumber Tree. There Are Three Spe. 371 Cies Of The Magnolia, Natives Of The Ui.ited States, Which Go Under This Name, From The Re Semblance Of Their Cones To The Green Fruit Of The Cucumber. One Of These, The Magnolia Acwminata, Is A Tree Of Considerable Size, Some Times Exceeding ...

Cucumber
Cucumber (cucurnis Sativus. From Uzuoc Or Grizuos. Varro Says, "cucumeres Dicuntur A Curvore, Ut Curvimere Dicti"). The Following Are The Chief Varieties :-1. Short Green Prickly; 2. Early Long Green Prickly; 3. Most Long Green Prickly; 4. Early Green Cluster; 5. White Dutch Prickly ; 6. Long Smooth Green Turkey; ...

Cucumber_2
Cucumber (cucumis Sativus). The Early Frame And Early Green Cluster Are Good Varie Ties. The Longgreen Is Chieflyused For Pickling. As Soon As The Ground Becomes Warm In Spring, Plant In Hills 6 Feet Asunder Each Way, Putting A Dozen Seeds In A Hill, And Covering Half An Inch Deep. ...

Culley
Culley. The Name Of A Distinguished Family Of Farmers, To Whom The Agriculture Of England Is Under Very Considerable Obliga Tions• Two Brothers Of The Family, Matthew And George Culley, Were Seated Originally On Their Paternal Property Of Denton, At Gains Ford, Near Darlington (now, 1841, In The Pos Session ...

Culmiferous Plants
Culmiferous Plants. Such As Pro Duce Culms, Or Have A Smooth Jointed Stalk, And Their Seeds Enveloped In Chaffy Husks, Grass-like. Culmiferous Crops Include Wheat, Barley, Oats, Rye, Indian Corn, Tobacco, Cotton, &c., All Of Which Have Stems Mostly Jointed. They Are All Regarded As Robbers And Exhausters Of The ...

Cultivated Parsley
Parsley, Cultivated (alpiturn Petrosi Linum). There Are Two Varieties Of This Well Known Plant, The Common Plain-leaved, And The Curly-leaved. It Is Somewhat Singulargthat The First Should Be Most Cultivated, Notwith Standing The Superior Beauty Of The Latter, As Well As By Reason Of Its Curled Leaves Rendering It More ...

Cultivated Radish
Radish, Cultivated (raphanus Sati Vus). There Are Two Kinds Of Cultivated Radish, The Fusiform, Or Spindle-rooted, And The Globu Lar, Or Turnip-rooted; And These Again Are Di 11r Vided Into The Spring And Autumn Varieties. As For The Designation Of Short And Long Top, By Which The Old Gardeners Divided ...

Cultivator
Cultivator. A Name Given To Imple Ments Of The Horse-hoe Kind, Invented For Stir Ring The Earth. The Implements Called Culti Vators Are Very Extensively Used In The United States, Being Found Particularly Serviceable In Running Between The Rows Of Indian Corn, Su Gar Beets, And Other Root Crops Planted ...

Cumin Seed
Cumin Seed. The Seed Or Fruit Of The Curninurn Cyminum, Which Is Imported From Sicily. And Malta. It Has Been Occasionally Grown In England, But As It Does Not Produce Its Seeds Until The Second Year, And Requires A Rich, And Consequently High-rented Soil, The Double Rent Adds Heavily To ...

Curculio
Curculio (curculioniace). A Name Applied By Naturalists To Designate A Family Of Beetles, Distinguished From Other Insects Of The Same Tribe By Their Shortness And Thickness, And From Each Other By The Length And Direction Of Their Snouts. The Corn-weevil, So Destructive To Grain In The Stack And Garners, Belongs ...

Curd
Curd. The Cjagulum Of Milk From Which Cheese Is Made. See Cannsn. When Milk Sours, Free Acetic Acid Is Formed, And By Its Action The Coagulation Of The Caseous Part Of The Milk Takes Place ; Rennet Causes The Same Effect In Milk Which Is Not Sour, Which Probably Depends ...

Currant
Currant. The Fruit Of Two Species Of Ribes, Viz., R. Rubrum, Which Furnishes The Common Red And White Currants, And R. Ili Grunt, Which Produces The Black Currant. There Are Five Or Six Species Of This Indige Nous Plant. The Rock Currant (r. Petrcewm), The Acid Mountain Currant (r. Spicatwm), ...

Customs Of Counties Rent
Rent, Customs Of Counties, Capital Re Quired, Rain, Lease, &c. Let Him Also Closely Examine The State Of The Buildings, The Mode In Which The Farm Has Been Cultivated, And The 451 Course Of Cropping Which The Out-going Tenant Has Followed. This Last Inquiry Is One Very Material Point To ...

Customs Of Counties
Customs Of Counties. With Regard To The Usual Relation Of Landlord And Tenant In England, These Vary Considerably. But In Cases Where There Is A Written Agreement, No Inquiry Can Be Made As To The Custom Of The County (liebenraad Vines, 1 Mer. 15) ; And When An Express Stipulation ...

Cut Worm
Cut-worm. In Almost Every Section Of The United States, Great Complaints Are Annu Ally Made Of Green Crops Destroyed Or Injured, More Or Less, By What Is Popularly Termed The Cut-worm. The Young Indian Corn Is An Espe Cial Sufferer ; But Several Other Plants Having Tender Stems, Such As ...