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Meteorology
Meteorology. The Science Of Meteors, Or The Science Which Explains The Various Phe Nomena Which Have Their Origin In The Atmo Sphere. Under The Term Meteorology, It Is Now Usual To Include Not Merely The Observation Of The Accidental Phenomena To Which The Name Of Meteor Is Applied, But Every ...

Meteors
Meteors. A Name Given To Any Pheno Mena Of A Transitory Nature Originating In The Atmosphere. Meteors Are Of Various Some Are Produced Simply By A Disturbance Of The Equilibrium Of The Atmospheric Fluid, And Are Called Aerial Meteors ; Such Are Winds, Whirlwinds, &c. A Second Class Arise From ...

Mica
Mica. A Well-known Mineral, With A Pearly, Metallic Lustre, Consisting Of Extremely Thin,e_as Tic Plates Or Layers Somewhat Resembling Glass. The Largest Sheets Are Brought From Siberia, And Used Instead Of Glass, Especially To Enclose Fire Where It Is Desirable To See The Flame, As In Stoves, &c. Mica Enters ...

Mice
Mice (mus). A Very Destructive Sort Of Vermin To Many Of The Cultivator's Growing And Housed Crops, And Which Should, Therefore, Be Destroyed As Soon As Possible. Cats, Dogs, Owls, Snakes, And Hedge-bogs Are The Natural Enemies Of Rats And Mice, And Should, Therefore, Be Encouraged About The Farm. To ...

Mile
Mile (lat. Mille Pasuum, A Thousand Paces). The Following Table, Given On The Authority Of Kelly's Canibist, Shows The Length Of The Modern Mile, And Also The League, Of Various Countries, And Their Relation To The English Statute Mile. According To The Same Authority, The Arabian Mile Is 2148 Yards, ...

Milk Fever
Milk-fever. Cows In High Condition Are Most Subject To Puerperal Fever. This Inflam Matory Disease Sometimes Appears As Early As Two Hours After Parturition ; If 4 Or 5 Days Have Elapsed, The Animal May Generally Be Considered Safe. On The Appearance Of This Fever, From 6 To 10 Quarts ...

Milk Houses And Cellars
Milk-houses And Cellars. The Milk-houses In Holland And Elsewhere, And The Spring-houses Of Pennsylvania, Have Been Re Ferred To And Described Under The Head Of Dairy. Of Late, Cellars Under Houses, Properly Arranged, Are Coming To Be Preferred For The Purpose Of Keeping Milk To Either Milk-houses, Milk-vaults, Or Even ...

Milk Parsley
Milk-parsley (selinum, From Selinor, The Greek Name For Parsley ; Applied To This Genus On Account Of The Resemblance In The Leaves). This Is A Hardy Genus Of Plants Of No Interest. The Only Species Indigenous To England Is The Marsh Milk-parsley (s. Palustre), Which Is Pe Rennial, Or, As ...

Milk Sickness
Milk Sickness. This Name, Together With "trembles," Has Been Applied To A Pecu Liar And Most Malignant Disease Occurring In Some Localities Of The Western United States, And Affecting Certain Kinds Of Farm-stock, And Persons Who Make Use Of The Meat Or Dairy Products Of Infected Cattle. Bishop Hennipin, A ...

Milking
Milking. In The Operation Of Milking, The Great Rules To Observe Are, Regularity, Gentle Ness, And Cleanliness. The Following Observa Tions Are Taken From An American Periodical : " When You Go To Milk, Take A Vessel Of Cold Water And Sponge. Wash The Udder And Teats Clean, Dashing On ...

Milkwort
Milkwort (poly Gala, From Poly, Much, And Gala, Milk ; Reputed Effects Of The Plant On Cattle That Feed Upon It.) All The Species Of This Genus Are Very Showy. The Annual Kinds Require Sowing In The Open Ground, Preferring A Peat Soil. Some Of The Species Possess Use Ful ...

Millet Grass
Millet-grass, Milica (fr. Millet ; Lat. Mi /ham, From Mille, A Thousand, In Allusion To The Immense Number Of Seeds Produced By It). These Are Hardy, Annual, And Perennial Grasses ; But In England The Climate Is Seldom Warm Enough To Ripen The Seed, Or To Allow Of Their Being ...

Millet
Millet (panicum, From Panicula, A Panicle, Or Panis, Bread). A Useful Gcnus Of Grasses, One Species Of Which, Called Bengal Grass, Was Some Years Ago Introduced Into Pennsylvania As An Object Of Culture, And Excited Much Inte Rest For A Time Among Farmers. It Was Found, However, Not To Be ...

Mills
Mills (lat. Mole). The Term Mill Seems To Have Signified Originally An Engine For Grind Ing Corn, But It Is Now Used In A General Sense To Denote A Great Variety Of Machines, Whose Action Depends Chiefly On Circular Motion. The Particular Purpose Is Usually Indicated By A Prefix : ...

Mint
Mint (mentha). The Poets Celebrate Minthe, A Daughter Of Cocytus, As Being Transformed Into Mint By Proserpine In A Fit Of Jealousy. (ovid. Metam. 10, 729.) This Is An Extensive And Well-known Genus Of Useful Herbs, With The Culture And Propagation Of Which Every One Is Familiar. In England There ...

Misseltoe
Misseltoe (viscion; From Vescus, Birdlime, On Account Of The Sticky Nature Of The Berries). The Misseltoe Is A Well-known Parasite, Readi Ly Propagated By Sticking The Berries On Thorn Or Apple Trees, After A Little Of The Outer Bark Has Been Cut Off, And Tying A Shade Or Net Over ...

Mixture Of Soils
Mixture Of Soils, In Agriculture, Is The Addition Of One Soil To Another, To Improve Its Fertility. There Is Perhaps No Agricultural Improve Ment More Important In Both Its Immediate And Permanent Effects Than The Careful, Judicious Mixture Of Soils, And There Is No Question More Likely To Repay The ...

Molasses
Molasses (port. Melasso). The Saccha Rine Principle In The Dregs Or Refuse Drainings From The Casks, &c., Of Sugar, And The Uncrys Tallizable Part Of The Juice Of The Cane Sepa Rated From The Sugar During The Process Of Granulation. It Consists Of Sugar Prevented From Crystallizing, By Acids, Saline, ...

Mole Cricket
Mole-cricket (gryllot4a Vulgaris. 4cheta Gryllotalpa). This Destructive Insect Is Known In Different Localities In England, Under The Several Names Of Churr-worm, Jarr-worm, Eve-churr, And Earth-crab. The Mole-cricket Measures 2 Inches In Length, And 4 Lines In Breadth. Its Colour Is Dark-brown. The Most Remarkable Featureln The Insect Is The Size ...

Mole Tree
Mole-tree (ewphorbia Lathyrus). Com Monly Called Caper Spurge, And By The French Epurge : A Plant With A Biennial Root ; Stem 2 To 3 Feet High; Found In The United States In Gardens And Lots. It Is A Naturalized Foreigner, And Was Originally Introduced Under A Notion That It ...

Mole
Mole. A Species Of The Genueta/pa, Com Mon In England And Other Parts Of Europe. This Quadruped Exhibits In Perfection That Modification Of Structure By Which The Mam Miferous Animal Is Adapted To A Subterranean Life. Its Head Is Long, Conical, And Tapering To The Snout, Which Is Strengthened By ...

Moonwort
Moonwort (botrychiwm, From Botrys, A Bunch ; In Reference To The Form Of The Fructi Fication, Which Is Much Like A Bunch Of Grapes). The Species Of This Genus Of Ferns Are Curious And Interesting Plants ; One Only Is Indigenous, The Common Moon Wort (b. Luna Ria), Which Is ...

Moor
Moor. An Uncultivated Surface Bf Coun Try, Without Trees, And With Few Grasses Or Other Herbage Fit For Pasture ; And Usually Con Taining Scattered Plants Of Heath, With A Dark Peaty Soil. Moor Lands Are Generally The Least Fitted For Culture Of Any Description Of Surface, Not Rocky Or ...

Moorband Pan
Moorband Pan. This Is A Name Given In Scotland To An Indurated Combination Of Clay, Small Stones, And Iron In A Particular Mate, Situated Either Immediately, Or At Some M32 Distance Below The Path Of The Plough, And Which Is Nearly Impervious To Water. All In Durated Incrustations, However, Formed ...

Mortar
Mortar. A Well-known Cement Employed For Building Purposes, Which Is Thus Described By Dr. Thomson : "it Is Composed Of Quick Lime And Sand, Reduced To A Paste With Water, When Dry It Becomes As Hard As Stone, Am: As Durable; And Adhering Very Strongly To The Surface Of The ...

Moss Land
Moss Land. Land Abounding In Peat Moss, But Not So Much Saturated With Water As To Become Peat Bog Or Morass. Many Reme Dies Have Been Prescribed For The Destruction Of Moss. A Good Scarifying Or Harrowing, With Short, Sharp Tines, Succeeded By A Top Dressing Of Salt Or Soot, ...

Mosses
Mosses, In Common Language, Are Any Minute, Small-leaved, Cryptogamic Plants. Thus, Club-moss Is A Lycopodium ; Iceland And Reindeer Mosses Are Lichens ; And The Rous Species Of Jungermannia Are All Hended Under The Same Term. But In Tical Botany No Plants Are Considered Mosses, Except Such As Belong To ...

Moth
Moth. Clothes-moth, Fur-moth, &c. The Various Kinds Of Destructive Moths, Found In Houses, Stores, Barns, Granaries, And Mills, Are Mostly Very Small Insects; The Largest Of Them, When Arrived At Maturity,? 'expanding Their Wings Only About Eight-tenths. Of An Inch. The Ravages Of Some Of These Little Creatures Are Too ...

Moulded Aert
Moulded Aert. This Implement Of Flem Ish Husbandry Resembles A Large Square Malt Shoyel : It Is Strongly Prepared With Three Bars Of Iron On The Lower Side, Secured By 12 Bolts, And Is Drawn By A Pair Of Horses With Swingle Trees. It Is Used For Transporting Compost, Mould, ...

Mud
Mud. The Mechanically Suspended Matters Of Water Deposited At The Bottom Of Rivers, Ponds, Ditches, &c. As Much Of This Kind Of Material Should :be Collected As Possible, And Be Thrown Up Into Heaps In Order To Become Mellow. It Contains Much Carbonaceous Matter, And Is An Excellent Manure, Either ...

Mulberry Tree
Mulberry Tree (morus ; From The Celtic Word Mor, Signifying Black, In Allusion To The Colour Of The Fruit). The Species Of Morut,, Or Mulberry, Grow From 10 To 30 Feet High. A Moist Situation And Loamy Soil, With A Free Ex Posure To The Sun, Suit Them Best. 1. ...

Mule
Mule. This Is The Well-known Offspring Of The Ass And The Mare, Or Of The She-ass And The Horse. In The Latter Case, The Produce Is Called A Jennet, And Is Much Less Hardy, And Therefore Rarely Bred. The Term Mule Is Gene Rally Applied In The Animal Creation In ...

Mullein
Mullein (verbasem ; Said To Be From Bar. Bascum, Bearded, In Allusion To The Bearded Fila Ments). The English Species Of Verbasewm Are Strong, Robust-growing Plants, Producing An Abundance Of Showy Yellow Flowers, And On That Account They Are Well Adapted For Plant Ing In The Garden At The Back ...

Murrain
Murrain. A Contagious, Malignant Epi Demic, Which Frequently Prevails In Hot, Dry Sea Sons Among Cattle, Carrying Off Vast Numbers. It Once Used To Sweep Off The Horned Stock Of Whole Districts, And There Are Few Years In Which It Is Not Now Seen In Some Part Of The Kingdom. ...

Mushrooms
Mushrooms (fr. Mouscheran ; Lat. Agari Cus, From Agaria, A City, Or Agarus, A River Of Sarmatia, Now Malamonda). A More Exten Sive Genus Than This Is Not Known In The Whole Vegetable Kingdom. Some Species, As The Com Mon Mushroom, A. Campestris, Vaginatus, &c., Are Well Known For The ...

Mustard
Mustard (fr. Moutarde ; Lat. Sinapis ; From Marl, On Account Of Its Roaking The Eyes Water, Owe Cords). A Genus Of Upright, Branching, An Nual Or Biennial Herbs, Often Hairy Or Bristly. There Are Five Wild Species Common To The Bri Tish Islands :— 1. Wild Mustard (s. Arvensis). ...

Mutton
Mutton (fr. Mouton). The Flesh Of The Sheep. Although, By Recent Extensive Improve Ments, The Breed Of Sheep Have Been Diminished In Size, Yet The Smallness Of Bone And Symme Try Of Form Which The Animals Have Thus Ac Quired, Have Considerably Decreased The Quanti Ty Of Offal, And Added ...

Myrtle
Myrtle (from Myros, Perfume; Myrtos Of The Greeks, Myrtus Of The Dutch, And Of Almost T /ery Other European Language). The Myrtle, From The Delightful Perfume, The Delicacy Of Its Blossoms, And The Glossy Green Of Its Perpetual Foliage, Is A Favourite And Well-known Genus Of Plants, Which Grow Well ...

Navew
Navew. The Common Wild Navew (bras Sica Campestris) Belongs To The Cabbage Tribe, And Is An Annual Plant, Found In Corn-fields, Marshes, And About The Banks Of Ditches And Rivers. The Root Is Tapering ; Stem Erect, 2 Feet High, Leafy, Branched, Glaucous ; Rough In The Lower Part, With ...

Nectarine
Nectarine (4mygdalus Persica, Var. Nec Tarina). A Variety Of The Common Peach, From Which The Fruit Differs Only In Having A Smoother Rind And Finer Pulp. The Culture Is In Every Respect The Same As The Peach. The Varieties Of Nectarines Are Numerous, Nearly 70 Being Described In The Catalogue ...

Nettle
Nettle, Urtica (from Uro, To Burn ; In Re Ference To The Stinging Properties Of Most Of The Species). An Extensive Genus Of Herba Ceous Or Shrubby Plants Of Little Beauty, And Which Are Justly Looked Upon In The Eyes Of The Agriculturist As Mere Weeds. The Herbage In All ...

Night Soil
Night-soil. In Agriculture, A Powerful Manure. This Valuable Fertilizer Has Not Been Employed In England To The Same Extent As On The Continent, Although It Is Certainly One Of The Most Valuable Of The Organic Manures ; And To This Neglect Many Causes Have Contri Buted. Its Disagreeable Odour,certain Vexatious ...

Nitrates Of Potash And
Nitrates Of Potash And Soda. Two Salts Lately Much Employed In Agricul Ture. The First (nitrate Of Potash) Is Known In Commerce Under The Name Of Saltpetre, And Is Principally Procured From The East Indies, Where It Is Found On The Surface Of The Ground, Especially In The District Of ...

Northern Holy Grass
Holy-grass, Northern (hierochloe Bo Realis). The Sweet-scented Soft-grass, Micas Uaoralus (repens) Of Some Botanists. The Pow Erful Creeping Roots Of This Grass, Its, Tender Nature, And Tne Great Deficiency Of Foliage In The Spring Are Demerits Which Discourage The Ii 3a Of Recommending It Further To The Notice U‘zo Of ...

Northern Lights
Lights, Northern, Or Aurora Bo Realis. A Luminous Meteor, Generally Ap Pearing In The Northern Part Of The Sky, And Presenting A Light Somewhat Resembling The Dawn Or Hreak Of Day. The Appearances Which It Exhibits, And The Forms It Assumes, Are So Proverbially Unsteady, That It Is Not Possible ...

Nucleus
Nucleus (lat). Literally, Any Thing Round Which Matter Has Accumulated, Or To Which It Is Affixed. In Botany, It Is Used Is Various Significations :-1. The Central, Fleshy. Pulpy Mass Of An Ovule. 2. That Part Of A Seed Contained Within The Testa, And Consisting Of Either The Embryo And ...

Nuisances
Nuisances, In English Law, Are Of Two Kinds : Public Or Common, Which Annoy The King's Subjects In General; And Private, Which Are Defined "any Thing Done To The Hurt Or An Noyance Of The Lands, Tenements, Or Heredita Ments Of Another." A Nuisance May Be Defined To Be Any ...

Oak Apple
Oak-apple. This Is Not To Be Confounded With Those Beautiful Little Excrescences So Com Mon Upon The Underside Of The Leaves Of The Oak, And Known By The Name Of Galls And Spangles; They Are The Nidi Of Different Species Of Cynips, Produced By The Puncture Of The Ovi Positor ...

Oak Bark
Oak Bark. The Cortical Layer Stripped From He Oak Tree. Oak Bark Is Preferred To All Other Substances In The Tanning Of Leather, And In Eu •ope Brings A High Price Afterwards As A Ma Lure. The Exhausted Bark Is Used By Gardeners O Produce A Slight Equable Heat By ...

Oak Pruner
Oak Pruner. The Ground Beneath Black And White Oaks Is, Says Dr. Harris, Often Ob Served To Be Strewn With Small Branches, Neat Ly Severed From These Trees, As If Cut Off With A Saw. Upon Splitting Open The Cut End Of A Branch, In The Autumn Or Winter After ...

Oak
Oak (ger. Eiche ; Dut. Eik ; Dan. Eeg ; Sw. Ek ; Quercus ; From The Celtic Quer, Fine, And Cuez, A Tree ; Others Derive It From The Greek Word .ch,oiros, A Pig, Because Those Animals Feed On The Acorns). The Oak Is Indigenous Throughout Britain, And In ...

Oat
Oat (russ. Owes ; Pol. Owies ; Dutch, Haver Fr. .avaine ; Lat. Avena). A Very Valuable Cereal Grass, Of Which Several Varieties Are Cultivated For Their Seeds : The Chief Of These Are-1. The Divena Saliva, Or Common Oat. P1.3, E. 2. The .d. Orientalis, Or Tartarian Oat, F. ...

Oatmeal
Oatmeal. The Meal Or Flour Of The Oat Is Used In Great Britain To Make Porridge, Gruel, Bread, And Poultices. In The Mealing Process, The Oats, After Being Previously Dried In A Kiln, Are Made To Pass Through The Mill-stone To Vest Them Of Their Coarser Husks Or " Ings" ...

Oils
Oils (ger. Oel ; Lat. Oleum). This Term Com Prehends Two Substances That Have Very Dis Tinct Properties, Namely, Volatile And Fixed Oils ; But, In General Language, The Term Oil Is Indi Cative Of The Latter. Fixed Oils Are Unctuous, Fluid Bodies, Which, When Dropped Upon Paper, Sink Into ...

Okra_2
Okra (hibiscus Esculentis). This Plant Is Cultivated Extensively In The West Indies, From Whence It Has Been Introduced Into The United States. The Pods Are Gathered Green, And Used In Soups. They Form An Important Ingredient In The Celebrated Gumbo Soup Of New Orleans And Other Southern Places. The Pods ...

Old And New Farms
Farms, Old And New. Whether It Is More Profitable In The United States, To Lay Out Money In The Purchase And Improvement Of Exhausted Farms, Or In The Clearing And Im Provement Of New Land, Is A Question Which Requires More Mature Consideration Than Has Been Generally Given To It. ...

Oleander
Oleander (nerium, From Neros, Humid; Alluding To The Habitat Of The Plants). This Is A Genus Of Noble Evergreen Shrubs, Of Easy Culture, And Flowering Freely The Greater Part Of The Year. N. Oleander And Its Varieties Bear Forcing Remarkably Well ; And, Although Treat Ed As Green-house Plants, Yet ...

Olive
Olive (olea). This Is A Very Important Genus Of Plants, On Account Of The Oil, &c., Which Is Obtained Chiefly From The 0. Europea. It Is An Evergreen, Small Tree, With Lanceo Late Leaves, Of A Deep-green On The Upper, And Nearly White Or Hoary On The Under Surface. The ...

Onions
Onions (.111livirn Cepa). Of This Genus, There Are Eight Individuals That Demand The Garden Er's Care. They All Require A Rich, Friable Soil, On A Dry Substratum; A Situation Enjoying The Full Influ Ence Of The Sun, And Entirely Free From Trees, Which Are Very Inimical To Them, Especially To ...

Open Cuts
Open Cuts. Such Drains Or Gutters As Are Made In Land By The Spade, And Left Without Being Covered In. They Are Used In Draining Lands In Particular Cases. Open Cuts, If Effec Tual, Are The Best Of All For Forest Draining, As They Cannot Be Inconvenient, From The Plough ...

Or Aftermath After Grass
After-grass, Or Aftermath. The Second Crop Of Grass, Or That Which Springs After Mowing, Or The Grass Cut After Some Kinds Of Corn Crops. The Composition Of The After-grass Generally Varies Considerably From That Of The First Or Spring Crop. The Nutriment Of The Latter, From Most Of The Grasses, ...

Or Alluvion Alluvium
Alluvium, Or Alluvion (from The La Tin Alluvio, "an Inundation"), Is A Term Which, In The English Language, Has No Very Defined Meaning. Some Authors Use It To Designate All Those Rocks Which Have Been Formed By Causes Now Acting On The Surface Of The Earth, Includ Ing Those Of ...

Or Arkenousla Aphernousli
Aphernousli, Or Arkenousla Species Of Fir, Pine, Or Pinaster, Which Grows Wild On The Alps. The Timber Of This Tree Is Frequently Large, And Has Many Uses For Internal Work. The Branches Resemble Those Of The Spruce-fir : But The Cones Are More Round In The Middle, Being Of A ...

Or Arnotta Annotta
Annotta, Or Arnotta (fr. Roc= ; Ger. Orlean ; It. Oriana). In Rural Economy, Anatto Or Arnatto, For It Is Written In Various Ways, Is A Colouring Substance, Or Dye, Ob Tained From The Skin Or Pulp Of The Kernel Of The Bixa Orellana Of South America And The West ...

Or Avoirdupois Weight Averdupois
Averdupois, Or Avoirdupois Weight (avoir Du Poid, Fr., Dr. Johnson Says, But He Should Have Added, Averia Ponde Tie, Lat., Literally Goods Of Weight, Goods Sold By Weight; Aver In Old French, And Avoir In Modern, Signifying Goods, Like The Low Lat. Averiuni, Averum, Avere). That Kind Of Weight Commonly ...

Or Barken Barton
Barton, Or Barken (sax. Bete-tun, An Area). A Term Employed In Some Districts To Signify The Yard Of A Farm-house. Blount De Scribes This Word As Meaning• The Demesne Lands Of A Manor ; The Manor-house Itself, And Sometimes The Out-houses. Most Of Our Old Lexicographers Explain It As An ...

Or Baum Balm
Balm, Or Baum (melissa Officinalis. From Gr. Pail, Honey, On Account Of The Bee Being Supposed To Collect It Abundantly From Their Hewers). Balm Is Used Both As A Medicinal And Culinary Herb. The Leaves Are Employed Green, Or Dried. The Soil Best Suited To Its Growth Is Any Poor ...

Or Boll Bole
Bole, Or Boll (lat. Brlla). In Scotland, A Common Measure Of Grain, Containing Four Bushels. In The Old Measure Of Scotland, For Oats And Barley, 4 Tipples = 1 Peck. 4 Pecks = 1 Firlot. 4 Firlots = T Boll. 16 Bolls = 1 Chalder. The Boll Of Oatmeal Weighs ...

Or Budding
Budding, Or Grafting By Germs, Says Mr. Loudon (encyc. Of Gard. P. 2050), Consists, In Ligneous Plants, In Taking An Eye Or Bud At Tached To A Portion Of The Bark Of Different Sizes And Forms, And Generally Called A Shield, And Transporting It To A Place In Another Or ...

Or Canicular Days Dog Days
Dog-days, Or Canicular Days. The Name Given To Certain Days Of The Year, During Which The Heat Is Usually The Greatest. They Are Reckoned About Forty, And Are Set Down In The Almanacs As Beginning On The 3d July, And Ending On The 11th August. In The Time Of The ...

Or Carraway Caraway
Caraway, Or Carraway (fr. And It. Carvi ; Lat. Canon Carui). A Naturalized Bien Nial Plant, With A Taper Root Like A Parsnip, But Much Smaller ; Stem About Two Feet High, Growing Wild In Meadows And Pastures. This Plant Is Extensively Cultivated In Several Parts Of Essex And Some ...

Or Chardon Cardoon
Cardoon, Or Chardon (span. Cardo, An Artichoke ; Lat. Cynara Cardunculus). A Kind Of Wild Artichoke, Which Is Principally Confined To Garden Culture, As It Has Not Yet Been Employed As An Article Of Food For Any Sort Of Live Stock. The Stalks Of The Inner Leaves, When Ren Dered ...

Or Chesnut Chestnut
Chestnut, Or Chesnut (fagus-easta Nea). The Species Cultivated In England Are The Common Or Sweet Chestnut, Of Which There Are Two Kinds, The Spanish (cas. Vesca) And The American (cas. Americana);—and The Horse Chestnut, Which Belongs To A Distinct Genus. The True Chestnut Tree Flourishes On Poor Gra, Velly Or ...

Or Chinquepin Chincapin
Chincapin, Or Chinquepin (castanets Pumila). The Limits Of This American Tree, Which Boars A Very Small Kind Of Round And Pointed Chestnut, Is Bounded Northward By The River Delaware, On Which It Is Found To The Distance Of Nearly 100 Miles From Cape May. It Is Very Common In Delaware ...

Or Cives Chives
Chives, Or Cives (allium Schmnoprasum), A Garden-plant Allied To The Leek And Onion, Growing In Tufts The Long Filamentary Leaves Are Cut Close To The Ground For Eating, &c. Chlorine. One Of The Elements Found Al Ways In Vegetable Substances, Among The Inor Ganic Or Mineral Constituents Derived From The ...

Or Clippings Furriers Refuse
Furrier's Refuse, Or Clippings; Are Sometimes Applied As A Fertilizer To Light Chalks And Gravelly Soils, Either Ploughed In Or Laid Upon The Surface, In The Proportion Of Twenty-four To Thirty Bushels To The Acre. They Are Usually Sold By The Quarter, Which Com Monly Contains As Much As Two ...

Or Clove Pink Carnation
Carnation, Or Clove Pink (lat. Carves; Dianthus Caryophyllus). A Beautiful And Odoriferous Perennial, Blowing In July And Au Gust, And Cultivated In Beds Or In Pots. The Wild D. Caryophyllus Is The Origin Of Our Fine Garden Carnation& (smith's Eng. Flor. Vol. Ii. P. 287.) There Are Three Distinct Varieties; ...

Or Clover Birds Foot Trefoil
Bird's-foot Trefoil, Or Clover (lotus). The Common Name Of A Genus Of Plants That Flourishes In A Singular Manner In The Most Exposed And Dry Situations. On Bowling Greens And Mown Lawns It Forms A Fine Green Close Herbage, Even In Hot Seasons ; And In Meadow And Pasture .grounds ...

Or Codling Moth Fruit Moth
Fruit-moth, Or Codling-moth. The Insect, The Eggs Of Which Produce The Well Known Apple-worm, Which Has Been Brought From Europe To America, And Naturalized Wherever The Apple Tree Has Been Introduced. This Mischievous Creature Has Sometimes Been Mistaken For The Plum-weevil (see Cwr Culio), But It May, Says Dr. Harris, ...

Or Coleseed Cole
Cole, Or Coleseed (celt. Coal; Welsh, Cowl; Lat. Brassica Nopus). A Variety Of The Cabbage Genus, Much Cultivated In The East Of England; It Is Sown From The Middle Of July To The End Of August, Either For Autumn Sheep Feed, Or For Seed (which Is Very Rich In Oil) ...

Or Colic Gripes
Gripes, Or Colic. We Have Found That, In The Absence Of A Veterinary Surgeon In This Dangerous Complaint, The Following Is The Best Remedy For A Horse :-4 Pint Of Linseed Oil, 1i Ounce Of Laudanum, Given In A Little Warns Gruel. Some Persons Assist The Operation Of The Above ...

Or Covert Cover
Cover, Or Covert (fr. Couvrir). A Term Applied To A Place Sheltered, Not Open Or Ex Posed. In Sportsman's Phrase, The Cover Is The Chosen Resort Of The Fox For Kennelling; And Such As Lie High And Dry Are Seldom Without One Or More, Particularly If The Underwood Be Thick ...

Or Creeping Wheat Grass
Couch, Or Creeping Wheat Grass (triticum Repent?, Pl. 10, I.) Named From The French Toucher, To Lie Down. Sometimes Called Dog-grass And Knot-grass. Until Of Late Years, When Botanical Science Has Afforded Us Better Information, It Was Generally Supposed That All Couch Or Twitch Was The Roots Of One Spe ...

Or Crow Foot
Crow-foot, Or Crane's Bill. The Spe Cies Usually Known By This Name In England, Is The .ranunculus Aerie Of Botanists. This, With All Its Varieties, Are Poisonous. The Common Medicinal Crow-foot Is The Medicinal Plant, Which, However, Is Only Used Externally, The Application Of The Recent Leaves Or Root Pro ...

Or Cyder Cider
Cider, Or Cyder (fr. Cidre ; Ger. Zider ; Ital. Cidro ; Russ. Bider; Span. Sidra). A Sharp And Vinous Beverage Made By Fermenting The Juice Of Apples. Cider, Or The Fermented Juice Of The Apple, Constitutes The Principal Vinous Beverage Of The Citizens Of New England, Of The Mictile ...

Or Dwarf Elder Wall
Dane-wort, Or Dwarf Elder Wall Wort (sambucus Ebulus). The Green Leaves Of This European Plant Have A Narcotic Smell, And Are Said To Expel Mice From Granaries; Nor Will Moles Come Where These Leaves Or Those Of The Common Elder Are Laid. Cattle Will Not Eat The Foliage. Its Berries ...

Or Everlasting Cudweed
Cudweed, Or Everlasting. A Shrub By Or Herbaceous Plant Belonging To A Genus (gnorhalium) Containing One Hundred And Twenty Species, Most Of Which Are Indigenous To The Cape Of Good Hope. There Are A Few Species In Europe, India, And In South As Well As North America. The Generic Name ...

Or F Undun Ftjndi
Ftjndi, Or F Undun Gan African Grain Produced By A Plant Of Lilliputian Growth, Which Is Described By Mr. Clarke, In The Proceedings Of The London Linnman So Ciety. This Grain Is Represented As About The Size Of Mignonette-seed, And Is Cultivated In The Village Of Kissy And In The ...

Or Fens Fen Lands
Fen Lands, Or Fens. Boggy Or Marshy Lands, The Subsoil Of Which Is Constantly In A State Of Saturation With Water, And The Surface Liable To Be Overflown By Rivers Or Streams During Spring Or Autumn. The Soil Of These Lands Is Generally Black, Light, And Rich To The Depth ...

Or Filberd Filbert
Filbert, Or Filberd (corylus Avellana, So Named From Abella Or Avella, A Town Of Campania, Where The Best Were Cultivated. Pliny, B. X C. 22). In England The Best Known Varieties Of The Filbert Are The White, The Red, And The Frizzled. The White Is The Kind Most Commonly Grown. ...

Or Flittermouse Bat
Bat, Or Flittermouse (cheiroptera, A Hand And Wing). A Mammiferous Animal Which Has A Body Like A Mouse, With Wings Not Feathered, Hut Consisting Of A Membranous Skin Extended. These Wings Of The Bat, Osteo Logically Considered, Are Hands ; The Bony Stretchers Of The Cutaneous• Membrane Being The Digital ...

Or Frumenty Furmenty
Furmenty, Or Frumenty (from Fru Rnentim, Corn). A Kind Of Country Pottage Pre Pared Of Wheat, Which Is First Wetted, And Beaten To Deprive It Of Its Husks, And After Wards Boiled. When Boiled Up With Milk, Sugar, And A Little Spice, It Forms A Wholesome And Agreeable Food. This ...

Or Greaves Graves
Graves, Or Greaves. The Waste And Refuse Of Tallow-chandlers After The Candles Made, Which Is Sometimes Used As A Manure. It Consists Of The Sediment Of Melted Tallow, And Is Composed Of The Membranous, Vascular, Nervous, And Muscular Matters Blended With The Fat, And Which, Not Being Fusi Ble, Are ...

Or Hackmatack
Hackmatack, Or American Larch (la.. Viz Americana). The European And American Larches, Says Michaux, Are More Strictly Confined Than Any Other Resinous Trees To The Northern 599 Zone Of The Two Continents, And They Are The Firsl To Disappear In Approaching A Milder Sky. The American Species Is Most Abundant ...

Or Heath Mat Weed Mat Grass
Mat-grass, Or Heath Mat-weed (nardus Strieta). An Insignificant Species Of Grass Growing On Barren, Sandy, Moist Heaths And Moors, In Many Parts Of Britain. The Root Consists Of Numerous Very Strong, Downy Fibres. Stems And Leaves Furrowed, Roughish With Minute Bristles, Rigid, Four Or Five Inches High, Remaining Bleached Through ...

Or Hog Weed Cow
Cow Parsnip, Or Hog Weed (hera Clewrn Sphondylium). A Biennial Pasture Weed, Which In England Is Found In Hedges, The Bor Ders Of Fields, And Rather Moist Meadows, Very Common. Root Tap-shaped, Whitish, Aromatic, Sweetish, And Rather Mucilaginous. Stem Four To Six Feet High, Erect, Branched, Leafy, Fur Rowed, And ...

Or Honey Locust
Honey Locust, Or Sweet Locust (ole Diteia Triacanthue). The Sweet Locust Belongs Peculiarly To The Country West Of The Alleghany Mountains, And It Is Scarcely Found In Any Part Of The Atlantic States, Except In Limestone Val Ley And Its Branches, Which Lie Between The First And Second Ranges Of ...

Or Katy Did Platyphyllumconcavum
Platyphyllum Concavum, Or Katy-did. A Kind Of Grasshopper Found In The United States. Dr. Harris, Who Was The First To Give A Scientific Description, Has Called It Platyphyllwm Concavwm. The Front Of Its Head Is Obtuse, Body Of A Pale-green Colour, The Wing-covers And Wings Being Somewhat Darker. Its Thorax ...

Or Lady Bugs Lady
Lady Birds, Or Lady Bugs. Familiar Names Applied To Small Hemispherical Beetles, Scientifically Denominated Coennella. These Little Beetles Are Generally Yellow Or Red, With Black Spots, Or Black, With White, Red, Or Yellow Spots; There Are Many Kinds Of Them, And They Are Very Common And Plentiful Insects, And Are ...

Or Lambs Lettuce Corn
Corn Salad, Or Lamb's Lettuce (fedia Olitoria, Smith ; Valeriana Locusta, Lin). A Well-known Annual Weed In Corn Fields And Light Cultivated Ground, Which Probably Took Its Common English Name From The Circum Stance Of The Plants Appearing In Flower About The Time That Lambs Are Dropped. There Is A ...