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Tares
Tares (ervwm, From Eras, Tilled Land; Some Of The Species Are A Pest On Cultivated Ground). The Word Tare Is Frequently Applied To What Is Properly The Common Vetch (vicia Sativa). There Are In England Two Indigenous Species Of Tare, Which Are Troublesome Annual Weeds. 1. Smooth Tare (e. Tetraspermum, ...

Taro
Taro.' A Bulbous-rooted Plant Of The Genus Arum, A Native Of The Valley Of The Columbia River. It Is Planted On Hills, And Cultivated In The Manner Of Rice, On Ground So Situated As To Be Partially Flooded With Water. It Comes To Maturity In 8 Or 10 Months From ...

Tation
Tation.) The Composition Of The Atmosphere Is Always The Same, Although It Has Been Ana Lyzed When Obtained From Tbe Most Elevated Mountains, The Lowest Marshes, From Crowded Cities, And The Surface Of The. Ocean, In All Winds, And In All States Of The Barometer. The Following Table Exhibits The ...

Tea
Tea. ( Rhea Viridis Of Linnaeus.) The Gen Uine Tea Plant Of China Has Been Introduced Into The U. S., And Although Not Yet Extensively Cultivated, There Is Every Reason To Conclude That The Time Will Come When This Hardy Ever Green Will Furnish A Profitable Crop, Especially In The ...

Team
Team. A Number Of Horses Or Oxen Draw Ing At Once In The Same Plough, Cart, Or Other Carriage. It Has Been Long A Disputed Point Among Far Mers Whether Horses Or Oxen Form The Most Economical And Advantageous Team For The Purpose Of The Cultivator In Performing His Work. ...

Ten Oclock
Ten-o'clock. A Troublesome Perennial Plant And Weed, With A Bulbous, Fibrous Root, Difficult To Destroy, As It Will Grow Even Years After The Tops Are Cut Off. Fields Must Not Be Ploughed. This Foreigner Has Escaped From The Gardens, And Has Become A Nui ;ance On Many Farms. Although It ...

Tethering
Tethering. The Practice Of Confining M Precise Limits Or Pasturage Any Kind Of Stock, By Means Of Light Chains Or Ropes Fas Tened To Iron Pins (with Swivel Rings) Driven Into The Ground. For The Small Farmer With Indifferent Fences, Or For Gentlemen With Limited And Ornamental Lawns, This Practice, ...

Thatch
Thatch. Straw, Or Any Other Dry Vege Table Substance, Laid On The Top Of A Building, Rick, &c., To Keep Out The Wet. There Are Many Different Sorts Of Materials That May Be Made Use Of As Thatch, But The Straw Of Wheat And Rye, When Well Laid, Forms The ...

The Agriculture France
France, The Agriculture Of.— Although The Two Kingdoms Of Britain And 604 France, Are Such Near Neighbours, And Enjoy A Soil So Similar, Yet The Agriculture Of Each Differs Very Materially. The Chief Features In The Farming System Of France Which Strike An Englishman Are The Almost Total Absence Of ...

The Agriculture Of India
India, The Agriculture Of. The British Farmer Will, 1 Am Afraid, Not Derive Many Useful Hints From The Most Careful Study Of The Agriculture Of The Eastern Portions Of Asia. Iii Hindostan, For Instance, Too Many Causes Have Contributed To Retard The March Of Agricultural Improvement. The Innate Dis Like ...

The American Olive
Olive, The American (olea Na). This American Tree Belongs Exclusively To The Southern States, The Floridas, And Louisiana. Like The Live-oak And Cabbage-tree, It Is Con Fined To The Sea-shore. "it' Is So Little Multi Plied," Says Michaux, "that It Has Hitherto Re. Ceived No Name From The Inhabitants Of ...

The Bitter Vetch
Vetch, The Bitter (orobus, From Oro, To Excite, And Bows, An Ox ; The Orobos Of Theo Phrastus Was The Name Of A Plant Used For Fat Tening Oxen). The Plants Of This Genus Deserve To Have A Place In Every Flower-border, On Ac Count Of Their Very Elegant Papilionaceous ...

The Carrion Crow
Crow, The Carrion (corms Corone). The Carrion Crow, Like The Raven Which It So Much Resembles, Is A Denizen Of Nearly Every Part Of The World. Crows Are Even Found In New Holland And The Phillipine Islands Of The Pacific Ocean. They Are Comparatively Rare In Northern Latitudes, Where The ...

The Common Cowslip
Cowslip, The Common, Or Paigle (primula Veris). A Native English Perennial Weed, Growing In Meadows And Pastures, Chiefly On A Clay Or Chalky Soil. It Produces Sweet-scented Yellow Flowers, Which Appear In April, And Are Used For Making Cowslip Wine Or Balsamic Tea. Its Roots Have A Fine Odour, Similar ...

The Common Melon
Melon, The Common, Or Musk (cu M/ft/is Melo). An Herbaceous, Succulent, Climb Ing, Or Trailing Annual, Cultivated For Its Fruit In Hot Eastern Countries From Time Immemorial. The Varieties Of The Melon Are Numerous ; Yet Few Of Them Comparatively Are Worthy Of Cul Tivation In England. The Larger Varieties ...

The Drill
The Drill. In Sweden The Value Of Night-soil, Has Been Long Well Understood By The Farmers. Nearly Half A Century Since .the Baron De Schulze, When Writing To Sir John Sinclair, Observed, "they Have Now Ceased To Spoil The Fine Har Bour Of Stockholm With Nuisances Of Every Kind. The ...

The Garden Carrot
Carrot, The Garden (daum Carota; As Some Imagine From Jim, Though Its Taste Is Far From Being Pungent. Perhaps From Hem, On Account Of The Thickness D Its Root). There Are A Considerable Number C: Varieties Of The Carrot, Which Are Divided By Horticulturists Into Two Families : Those With ...

The Great Henbit
Henbit, The Great, Or Heneit Dead Nettle. See Dead Nettle. In England Henbft Is Also One Of The Common Names Of The Fetid Black Horehound (ballota Nigra). In Pennsylvania And Other Middle States, Where The Dead Nettle Is Extensively Natural Ized, It Is A Troublesome Weed In Gardens, Where It ...

The Horse
Horse, The. The Genus Eqwus, Accord Ing To Modern Naturalists, Consists Of Six Dif Ferent Animals,—viz. The Equus Caballus, Or Horse; E. Hemionus, The Dziggithai; E. Asinus, The Ass ; E. Quagga, The Quagga ; E. Zebra, Or Mountain Zebra; And E. Bwrchelli, The Zebra Of The Plains. It Is ...

The Muscovy Duck
Duck, The Muscovy (ilnas Moschata), A Native Of South America, Is A Gaudy-looking Large Bird, Often Introduced Into Our Farm. Yards, But Not Much Approved ; More For Show Than Use. Their Flesh Is Not So Good To Eat As That Of The Common Duck, And The Drake Is Very ...

The Pea
Pea, The (pisum Sativum, Fr. Pois, Span. Pe Soles. The English Is Evidently A Corruption Of The Latin Name). This Valuable Plant Is Supposed To Be A Native Of The South Of Europe, And Was Cultivated By The Greeks And Romans. It Is Said By Acton To Have Been Brought ...

The Tree Onion
Onion, The Tree, Or Canada (.11l Hum Condense). This, Which Is A Very Hardy Perennial Species, Like The Ciboule, Is Without A Bulbous Root, But Throws Out Numerous Off Sets. Its Top Bulbs Are Greatly Prized For Pick Ling, Being Considered Of Superior Flavour To The Common Onion For That ...

The Welsh Onion
Onion, The Welsh, Or Ciboule. This Is A Perennial, Which Never Forms A Bulb, But Is Sown Annually, To Be Drawn Young For Salads, &c.: On Account Of Its Strong Taste, It Is Greatly Inferior To The Common Onion For This Purpose ; But From Its Extreme Hardiness In Withstandin. ...

The White Water Lily
Lily, The White Water. Candock, Or Water-socks. (nymphesa, From Nymphs, A Water-nymph; Alluding To The Habitation Of The Plants.) These Are Beautiful Plants, Well Wor Thy Of Cultivating In Every Collection. The Stove Species Should Be Grown In Tubs Of Water, Placed In A Warm Part Of The House, With ...

The Wild Duck
Duck, The Wild (?nas Boschas, Linn.), Is Rather Less In Size Than The Tame Duck, But Differs Little In Plumage ; It Weighs Usually About 2} Lbs., But Has Been Known To Reach 3i In-shore Hooting Of Wild Ducks Is Considered To Be Legitimate Sporting About The Middle Of August, ...

The Yellow Water Lily
Lily, The Yellow Water (nwphar, From Naufar Or Nyloufar, The Arabic Name Of Nymphsea). This, Like The Last Described, Is A Genus Of Very Beautiful Plants, Admirably Adapted For Growing In Ponds, Cisterns, Or Lakes ; And They Are Increased By Dividing The Roots, Or By Seeds, Which Have Only ...

Thistle
Thistle. A Well-known Prickly Weed, Common In Corn-fields And Pastures. Where Ever Thistles Grow Naturally It Is A Sure Sign That The Land Is Strong, And Of A Tolerably Good Quality ; But They Are At The Same Time A Great Annoyance To Every Plant Intended To Be Cul Tivated. ...

Thomas Andrew Knight
Knight, Thomas Andrew, President Of The Horticultural Society Of London, F. R. S., &c., A Distinguished Vegetable Physiologist And Horticulturist, Was Born At Wormsley Grange, M Herefordshire, August 12, 1759. "my Fa Ther," Says Mr. Knight, In A Lax Communica 690 Non To Me, "was A Man Of Much Learning ...

Thomas Tusser
Tusser, Thomas, A Celebrated Agricul Tural Writer. Five-and-twenty Years After The Publication Of The First English Work Upon Agri • Culture (fitzherbert's Boke Of Husbandrye), Ap Peared (in 1557) The One Hundred Points Of Good Husbandry, By Thomas Tusser. This Celebrated Work Must He Regarded More As A Series Of ...

Thomas Tusser_2
Tusser, Thomas. Heir. From This We Find That Tusser Shared As* Author's Very Common Fate, For He Tells Us "by Practice And Ill Speeding, These Lessons Had Their Breeding, And Not By Hearsay Or Reading, As Some Abroad Have Blown ; Who Will Not Thus Believe Me, So Much The ...

Thorn Apple
Thorn-apple (datura). An Ornamental Genus, But Chiefly Composed Of Plants Possess Ing Very Deleterious Qualities. One Species Indigenous To England, Is The Common Thorn Apple (d. Stramonium), An Annual, Which Grows In Waste Grounds And Dung-hills. It Is A Bushy, Fetid Herb, 2 Or 3 Feet High, Of A Narcotic ...

Thorn
Thorn (cratregus). A Name Given To Several Indigenous Shrubs And 'mall Trees. See Black-thorn, Buckthorn, Hawthorn, White-thorn, &c. Of This Genus Of Shrubbery Trees So Valuable In An Agricultural Point Of View, There Are Many Species And Varieties. Dr. Darlington De Scribes The Following As Found In Chester County, Pennsylvania: ...

Thrashing Machine
Thrashing-machine. To The Farmer On An Extensive Scale, The Thrashing-machine Is Absolutely Necessary. He Cannot Wait For The Tedious Operation Of The Flail To Prepare A Delivery Of Corn For A Given Day, Or Pressing Purpose ; Nor Can He, Without The Risk Of Pil And Imposition, Keep His Barn ...

Thrashing Machine_2
Thrashing-machine. • In England ; And It Is With This Instrument, Preserving Very Nearly Its Original Form, By Which Till Very Lately The Entire Growth Of Corn And Seeds In This Kingdom Were Thrashed. That The Flail May Be Made Thoroughly To Effect, Though At Great Cost Of Labour And ...

Thrashing Machine_3
Thrashing-machine. Bested; And In The, Report Drawn Up For The Consideration Of The " Board Of Agriculture" For The County Of Northumberland, We Find That, In 1789, The First Machine Having A Circular Rake Attached, And With Fanners Below, To Per Feet The Cleaning Of The Grain, Was Erected. Ai ...

Thrift
Thrift (statice, From Statizo, To Stop : In Allusion To The Powerful Astringency Of Some Of The Species). The Species Of Thrift Ought To Bti In Every Garden, On Account Of Their Lively Little Flowers. There Are Three Indigenous Species Of Thrift Or Sea•lavender, All Perennial, Viz: 1. The Common ...

Thrips
Thrips. The Thrips, Or Vine-fretter, As It Is Often Called, Is A Very Minute, Light-coloured Or Spotted Fly, Exceedingly Active In All Its Mo Tions, And Appearing To Leap Rather Than Fly. They Live On The Buds, Leaves, And Flowers Of Plants, Being So Small As Readily To Escape Notice, ...

Toad Flax
Toad-flax. A Name Applied To Two Pe Rennial Species Of Antirrhinum. 1. The Creep Ing, Pale Blue Toad-flax (a. Repens) Is A Rare Species, Growing On Chalky Banks Or Rocks Near The Sea. The Herbage Is Smooth And Glaucous, Stem Pan.icled, Leaves Linear, Scat Tered, Partly Whorled; Flowers Sweet-scented. 2. ...

Toad
Toad (rana Bubo.) A Well-known And• Much Dreaded, Though Perfectly Innoxious Rep Tile Of The Frog Genus, Which Feeds On Insects, Flies, Ants, &c. It Is Preyed Upon By Owls, Buzzards, Snakes, &c.; Otherwise The Toad At Tains To A Considerable Age, Some Remarkable Instances Of Which Have Been Recorded. ...

Tobacco
Tobacco. Botanists Have Given This Well Known American Plant The Generic Name Of Nicotiana, From John Nicot, Of Nismes, In Lan Guedoc, Ambassador From The King Of France To Portugal, Where He Procured The Seeds From A Dutchman Who Had Derived Them From Rida. The First Plant Was Said To ...

Tomato
Tomato (solanwrn Lycopersicwm). Sow In Hot Bed In March Or April, Or In A Warm Border Early In Spring, And Transplant, After Settled U Arm Weather, In Rows 4 Feet Apart And About 3 Feet Distant In The Row. They May Be Sup Ported With Brushwood, Or Trained To Cl ...

Top Dressing
Top-dressing. A Term Applied To Such Manures As Are Laid Upon Land Without Being Turned In : And Also To The Practice Of Dressing The Surface Of Grass Land, Or Other Crops, With Some Kinds Of Highly Reduced Manure, That Can Be Evenly Spread Out Or Sown Equally Over Them ...

Tormentil
Tormentil (tort/wail/a, Alluding To A Sup Posed Efficacy In Toothache, As Well As To A Belief That It Could Cure Diseases Of The Bowels). The British Species Are Two ; Both Perennial. They Are Now Regarded As Belonging To The Genus Potentilla, And The Natural Order Rosacew. 1. In England ...

Tower Mustard
Tower-mustard (tierritis, From Turris, A Tower; The Foliage Is So Disposed On The Stems As To Give Them A Pyramidal Form, And For The Same Reason The Plants Are Called Tower-mus Tard). The Species Are Hardy Annuals One, The Smooth Tower-mustard (t. Globra), Is Indi Genous, And Grows Wild On ...

Travellers Joy
Traveller's Joy. See Clematis. T R E A C Le- Mustard (erysiniuni, From Erion, To Draw And Cure : It Is Popularly Reek 'stied A Cure For A Sore Throat, And Is Also Said To Draw And Produce Blisters). An Extensive Genus Of Plants, Possessing Warm And Pungent Qualities. The ...

Trefoil
Trefoil (trifoliwm, From Tres, Three, And Foliar/1'n, A Leaf. All The Species Have Trifoliate Leaves. The French Call It Trefie, And The Eng Lish Trefoil, Or Clover). An Extensive And Well Known Genus Of Herbaceous Plants, Natives Of Cold Or Temperate Climates, Either Perennial Or Annual. Many Of The Species ...

Truffle
Truffle (tuber Cibarium). A Round Fun Gus Growing Under Ground In Many Parts Of Southern Europe, Destitute Of Roots And Leafy Appendages. It Absorbs Nutriment At Every Point On Its Surface. The Truffle Is Composed Of Globular Vesicles, Destined For The Reproduc Tion Of The Vegetable, And Short, Barren Fila ...

Tuckahoe
Tuckahoe. This Curious Vegetable Is Sometimes Known By The Name Of Indian Bread, Or Indian Loaf. It Is Found In The Southern States On The Atlantic, And Even As Far North As Kent County, Del. It Is A Natural Production, The Origin Of Which Has Greatly Perplexed Na Turalists, As ...

Tulip Poplar
Tulip Poplar (liriodendron Tulipifera). This Tree, The Only One Of Its Genus, Is Found In Great Abundance In The Middle United States, Where, On The Rich Woodlands In The Alluvials Bordering The Delaware And Other Bays, It At Tains A Growth Which Makes It The Most Majes Tic Tree Of ...

Tulip
Tulip (tulipa). A Genus Of Celebrated And Much-prized Florists' Flowers. They Suc Ceed Well In Rich Loam And Sand, And Are In Creased By Offsets ; New Varieties Are Obtained From Seed. The Choicer Kinds Require To Be Taken Up And Dried After They Have Ceased Flow Ering, And Planted ...

Tumbril
Tumbril. A Machine Employed Chiefly In The County Of Lincoln, For The Purpose Of Giving 1063 Hay To Sheer Atring The Winter. It Resembles The Basket Fish-p,ns Used By Fishermen, And Con. Sists Of A Circular Cage Or Crib, Which May Be Made Of Osiers, Willows, Or Other Pliant Brush. ...

Tunbridge Filmy Fern
Filmy-fern, Tunbridge (hymen Ophyl Turn Tunbridgense ; From Hymen, A Membrane, And Phyllon, A Leaf; Alluding To The Leaves). The Genus To Which This Species Belongs Ranks Among The Most Elegant Of The Ferns; It Is A Native Of Wet Mossy Rocks Or Trunks Of Trees, Most Plentiful In Tropical ...

Turkey
Turkey (meleagris Gallo-pavo). A Wild Fowl, Originally Introduced Into Europe From America. They Require Care In Their Infancy. The Black Turkey Is The Best Sort, Both For Size And Delicacy. Turkeys Are Particularly Clean Birds, Loving Sweet Food And Delighting In Air. They Prefer Roasting In Trees, For Which Reason ...

Turnip Cart
Turnip Cart. This Is An Ingenious Adaptation Of The Disc Turnip Cutter To The Tur Nip Cart. The Disc Is Put In Motion By A Face Wheel Fixed Upon The Nave Of The Cart-wheel, Which, As It Revolves Communicates By Means Of Cog-wheels With The Axis Of The Plate. It ...

Turnip Cutters
Turnip Cutters. Although There Are Several Kinds Of Turnip Cutters, The Principles Upon Which They Are Constructed Do Not Em Brace Much Variety : Setting Aside The Simple Application Of The Knife With A Lever Handle, The Others May Be Divided Into Two Classes ; First, Those Which Have Their ...

Turnip
Turnip (brassica Rapa). No Vegetable Has Bad Such Influence In Advancing The Husbandry Of Great Britain As The Turnip. By Whom And At What Periodturnips Were First Used In England As The Food Of Cattle, However, Does Not Appear; But From Various Accounts, Their Culture,and Uses Were Known In The ...

Turpentine
Turpentine. A Transparent, Oleo-resin Ous Substance, Which Exudes Naturally, But Is Chiefly Obtained By Incision, From Various Spe Cies Of Pine. There Are Several Kinds Of Tur Pentine, Namely, Common, Bordeaux, Cana Dian, Strasburg, Venice, And American White. The Chian Turpentine Is The Production Of The Pistachia Terebinthus ; But ...

Udder
Udder. The Glandular Organ Of A Cow, Mare, Ewe, Or Other Animal Which Is Destined For The Secretion Of Milk. There Are Four Teats, Each Of Which Consists Of Two Granular Lobated Glands, Comprehending Hloodvessels, Nerves 1075 And Milk Ducts, All Of Which First Unite Into Eight Or Ten Principal ...

Umbel
Umbel. In Botany, A Particular Arrange Ment Of The Flowers In Certain Plants, Of Which The Carrot Is A Familiar Example ; The Pedun Cles And Pedicles Spring From A Common Centre, And Rise Till They Forma Somewhat Flat Tuft. The Umbel Is A Loose Inflorescence, The Primary Axis Of ...

Umbelliferous Plants
Umbelliferous Plants (umbel/i Tem). An Extensive Group Of Useful Plants, Including Those Well-known Garden Vegetables Parsley, Celery, Carrots, Fennel, Caraway, Cori Ander, Dills, Anise, Lovage, Angelica, Eryngo, Samphire, Hemlock. The Name Of The Class Was Given From A Fanciful Resemblance To Some Parts Of An Umbrella Or Parasol. The Flower-stem ...

Urine
Urine. A Saline Fluid Secreted From The Blood Of Animals By The Kidneys, Collected In The Urinary Bladder, And Emitted By The Canal Of The Urethra. Urine Differs In Different Ani Mals, And Varies In Its Characters, According To The Kind Of Food Employed. The Usual Salts Contained In It ...

Vallesneria
Vallesneria This Plant Grows Very Abundantly From The Bottoms Of Fresh Water Rivers And Lakes Over The Whole United States, Where The Flow Of Water Is Not Very Rapid. It Goes By The Different Names Of Eelgrass, Tapegrass, And Cbannelweed. It Is Upon The Roots Of This Grass, Or A ...

Varieties For Preserving Or
Varieties For Preserving Or Ornamental Purposes. 112. Red Siberian Crab. Tree A Profuse Bearer, And Very Beautiful When The Fruit Is At Maturity, Resembling At A Little Distance A Plum Or Cherry Tree ; Fruit In Clusters Of A Bright Scarlet Colour, With Long Stems. Much Used For Preserving. 113. ...

Vate Mustard
Vate]) Mustard. 4. Narrow-leaved Wall-mustard (s. Tenui Folia). This Perennial Species Is Found Grow Ing On Old Walls And Heaps Of Rubbish About Most Ancient Cities. The Root Is Tapering, Rather Woody. Herb For The Most Part Entirely Smooth, And More Or Less Glaucous All Over; Fetid When Bruised. Stem ...

Vegetable Marrow
Vegetable Marrow (cueurbita Ovifera). This Fruit Of The Succada Gourd Is Uniformly Of A Pale Yellow Colour, And Of An Elliptic Oblong Shape, The Surface Having Irregular, Longitudinal Ribs, Uniting Into A Projecting Apex. When Full Grown It Is About 9 Inches In Length And 4 In Diameter, And Is ...

Vegetable Physiology
Vegetable Physiology Is That Sci Ence Which Treats Of The Vegetable Kingdom, Its Habits, Properties, And Organization, In The Most Comprehensive Manner. Its Objects Have Been Clearly Stated By Mrs. Marcet, In Her Excellent Conversations On Vegetable Physiology, When De Scribing The Lectures Of M. Decandolle On This Science, And ...

Vegetables
Vegetables. The Observations Of Vege Table Physiologists And The Researches Of Che Mists Have Mutually Contributed To Establish The Fact, That The Growth And Developement Of Vegetables Depend On The Rejection Of Oxygen, Which Is Separated From The Other Component Parts Of Their Nourishment. In Contradistinction To Vegetable Life, The ...

Ventilation
Ventilation. The Injurious Effects Of Close And Dirty Stables, And Other Places Where Stock Are Often Kept, And The Great Advantages Derived From Securing A Proper Ventilation Or Continual Supply Of Fresh Unbreathed Air To 4 Y 1081 Animals, Are Matters Which Have Received, Of Late, A Great Deal Of ...

Vervain
Vervain (verbena ; Said To Be Derived From Its Celtic Name Ferfaen). This Is A Genus Of Extremely Beautiful Ornamental Plants While In Flower, Either When Grown In Pots In The Green-house Or When Planted Out In The Flower Garden ; And They Will All Succeed Well In The Open ...

Vetch
Vetch (vicia,•from Vincio, To Bind Together, Because The Species Have Tendrils By Which They Encircle Other Plants). Some Of The Spe Cies Of This Genus Are Well Worth Cultivating In The Flower-border For The Beauty Of Their Flowers. They Are Of The Easiest Culture In Any Common Garden Soil. The ...

Vetchling
Vetchling (lathyrus.) A Numerous Herbaceous Genus Of Annual Or Perennial Plants. The Flowers Are Stalked, Axillary, Either Soli Tary, In Pairs, Or In Clusters; Either Crimson, Purplish, Blue, Or Yellow. The Herbage Com Monly Affords Good Fodder; The Seeds Are Scarce Ly Used For Any Purpose. There Are Seven Indi ...

Vetchlino
Vetchlino. • Crimson Vetch (l. Nissolia) Is Also An Annual, -flowering In May. It Is Destitute Of Tendrils, Has A Grass-like Form, And Bears Beautiful Crimson Flowers, Variegated With Purple And White. The Pod Is Long And The Seeds Nume Rous. There Are Five Other Species Of Lathyrus Namely, L ...

Veterinary College
Veterinary College. The Highland Society Of Scotland Have Instituted A Veterinary School In Connection With Their Establishment, Which Is Under The Management Of Professor Dick. By Diffusing Generally A Practical Know Ledge Of Veterinary Medicine, It Cannot Fail To Be Attended With The Happiest Consequences To The Community At Large. ...

Vine
Vine (vitis, From The Celtic Guild, Signifying The Best Of Trees. Wine Is Derived From The Celtic Word Groin). A Valuable Genus Of Plants. The Common Grape Vine ( Vinifera), With Its Very Numerous Garden Varieties, Is In General Cultivation For Its Much-esteemed Fruit. None Of The Other Species Are ...

Vinegar
Vinegar Is The. Acetous And Acetic Acids Of The Chemist, Containing A Variety Of Foreign Ad Mixtures, Some Colouring Matter, And An Ethe Real Substance Or Spirit, Which Gives It A Grateful Aroma. Vinegar Has Been Known From A Very Early Age. It Was By Far The Earliest Known Acid ...

Wages
Wages. The Price Or Hire Paid To•labour Ers Or Servants For Performing Different Sorts Of Farm Work. These Differ Greatly In Different Districts And Situations, And According To The Character And Employment Of The Workmen, But In All They Are Considerably Increased Within The Last 15 Or 20 Years. They ...

Wagon
Wagon. A Wheel-carriage, Of Which There Are Several Varieties, Accommodated To The Dif Ferent Uses Which They Are Intended To Serve. In The Business Of Husbandry, Wagons Con Structed In Different Forms, And Of Various Di Mensions, Are Made Use Of In Different Districts Or Parts Of The Kingdom ; ...

Wain
Wain. A Name Applied To An Ox Cart, Without Any Side Rails, Or Ladders, In Some Dis Tricts In England; But In Others Shelvings Are Added, And The Body Is Large And Open. They Are Rarely Met With At Present. In Gloucester Shire They Adapt Them To Harvest Work By ...

Wall Cress
Cress, Wall, Or Rock Cress (..drabis). A Genus Of Plants Of Very Different Habit From The Last, Of Which The Species Are Numerous, And Chiefly Natives Of The Northern Hemisphere. There Are Six Species Described By Smith (eng. Flor. Vol. Iii. P. 209), But The Wall Cress (ara Bia Thaliana) ...

Walnut Tree
Walnut Tree (juglans, From Jovis Glans; Literally The Nut Of Jove). All The Species Of The Ornamental Genus To Which The Well-known Walnut Tree Belongs Are Tall, Stately-growing Trees, Well Adapted For Parks And Lawns. They Grow Freely In Any Rich Loamy Soil, And Are Raised From Seeds. This Deciduous ...

Warping Of Land
Warping Of Land. A Mode Of Fertiliz Ing And Improving Tillage Lands Practised In Particular Situations On The Borders Of Large Rivers And Waters Into Which The Sea Tides Flow, And Where The Level Of The Ground Is Such As To Admit Of Their Being Flooded With Great Faci Lity. ...

Warren
Warren. A Franchise, Or Place Privileged, Either By Prescription Or Grant From The King, To Keep Beasts And Fowls Of Warren In ; As Rabbits, Hares, Partridges, Pheasants, &c. 1104 By Statute 21 Edw. 3, A. Warren May Lie Open, And There Is No Need Of Closing It In, As ...

Wasp
Wasp (vespa). An Extensive Genus Of In Sects, Of Which Three Species Are Common To Britain. The Hornet, Or Crabro, Already Men Tioned; Common Wasp, Or Vulgaris, Which Makes Its Nest In The Ground; The Small Wasp, Or Coarelata, The Nest Of Which Is A Kind Of Paper Made Of ...

Water Avens
Avens, Water. A Variety Of The Before. Named Plant, Which Is Common In Moist Mean Dows And Woods, Especially In Mountainous Eduntries, And Is Not Rare In The North Of Eng. Land, Scotland, Wales, Nor Even In Norfolk. It Has Drooping Flowers, Which Distinguish It From The Common Avens. It ...

Water Cow Bane
Cow-bane, Water, Or Water Hem Lock (cicuta Virosa). A Perennial, Fetid, Poi Sonous Aquatic Herb, Found In Ditches, And About The Margins Of Rivers, Not Very Common. Root Tuberous, Hollow. Stems Two Or Three Feet High, Hollow, Leafy, Branched, Furrowed. Leaves Bright Green, Tapering At Each End, From One To ...

Water Cress
Cress, Water (nasturtium). There Are Several Native Species Of Water Cress, Which May Be Included In The Following Summary. Creeping Yellow Cress, Annual 'yellow Cress, Amphibious Yellow Cress, Or Great Water Radish, And Common Water Cress. They Are Branching Herbs, Almost Invariably Smooth, Throwing Out Numerous Radicles, And Either Altogether ...

Water Dropwort
Dropwort, Water ((enanthe). Smith (eng. Flor. Vol. Ii. P. 68), Describes Five Species Is. England. The Common Water-dropwort; The Parsley ; Sulphur-wort Wa Ter-dropwort; The Fine-leaved Water-dropwort; And The Hemlock Water-dropwort.• They Are Aquatic Herbs, Perennials, And Biennials; Fetid, And Often Poisonous ; Found In Ditches, Ponds, And Other Watery ...

Water Furrow
Furrow, Water-. That Kind Of Deep, Open Furrow Which Is Made By The Plough In Tillage-lands, For The Purpose Of Drawing Off And Draining Them, In Order To Favour The Healthy Growth Of The Crops. Furrows Of This Kind Should Always Be Drawn In Such Directions As Will The Most ...

Water Melon_2
Melon, Water (cucumis Citrullus). A Plant Well Known In The United States For Its Delicious And Refreshing Fruit. To Acquire The Greatest Perfection It Demands A Warm And Sandy Soil, And This It Finds In New Jersey, And More Southern States, Where The Water-melon Is Extensively Cultivated. There Are Several ...

Water Melon_3
Water-melon. The Following Direc Tions For Cultivating Water-melons For An Early Market, Are Given In The Southern Agriculturist. Select A High And Dry Soil For The Purpose. Plough It Up Well, And Harrow It. Check Off The Spot Thus Treated At Distances Of 10 Feet Each Way. Dig Out Each ...

Water Perature
Perature, Water, &c., Will Be Found An Ac Count Of Their Respective Uses To Vegetation 863 There Is No Branch Of Chemistry More Diffi Cult, And Yet More Interesting, Than That Of Or Ganic Chemistry ; For In This The Chemist Finds, Added To His Ordinary Difficulties, And To His ...

Water Plantain
Water-plantain (.alisma, From The Celtic Alis, Water). A Genus Of Pretty Little, Aquatic, Perennial, Smooth Plants, With Simple, Entire Leaves, And Numerous, Stalked, White, Yellowish Or Purplish, Pauicled Or Umbellate Inodorous Flowers. In England, There Are Four Native Species; Viz.: 1. The Greater Water-plantain, Or Thrumwort (4. Plantago), Which Is ...

Water
Water. A Well-known, Universally Dif Fused Substance, Which In Ordinary Tempera Tures Is Fluid, But Is Solid When Cooled Down To 32° Of Fahrenheit's Thermometer. It Rises Into Vapour At All Temperatures, Even Below The Freezing Point, And At 212° Expands Suddenly Into Steam. It Is Composed, By Weight, Of ...

Wax
Wax (germ. Wachs). A Solid Concrete Abounding In The Vegetable Kingdom, Whence It Is Erroneously Supposed That It Is Collected By Bees. Bees' Wax Is A Secretion In The Body Of The Bee. And Is Accumulated In What Are Called The Wax-pockets. Bees Confined To A Hive, And Fed Merely ...

Way Going Crop
Way-going Crop. That Which Is Taker. From The Land The Year The Tenant Leaves A Farrr 5 A 2 1109 In Ay, Private Right Of. This May Arise Either From Grant Or By Prescription And Usage From Time Immemorial, For This Is In Law Supposed To Arise From A Grant. ...

Weaning
Weaning. The Means Employed To Re Concile A Young Animal To The Loss Of Its Mo Ther's Milk, And Habituate It To Take Common Food. Under The Head Foar. We Have Already Given Directions For Their Management During And After Weaning. The Process Of Weaning' Calves Is Variously Managed By ...

Weasel Snout
Weasel-snout (galeobdolonluteurt). The Weasel.snout, Yellow Archangel, Or Dead Nettle, Is A Pretty, Indigenous, Perennial Plant, Found Abundantlyin Most Parts Of England,in Marshy, Shady Places. The Root Is Somewhat Tuberous, Moderately Creeping. The Stems Are 18 Inches High, Simple, Leafy, Covered With Close Deflexed Hairs. Leader Stalked, Ovate, Acute, Serrated, Slightly ...

Weather
Weather (sax.). A Term Applied To De Note The State Or Disposition Of The Atmosphere, With Regard To Heat And Cold, Drought And Moisture, Fog, Fair Or Foul, Wind, Rain, Hail, Frost, Snow, &c. A Knowledge Of This Is Of Vast Importance To The Farmer, As The Securing Of His ...

Weeds
Weeds. A Weed Has Been Aptly Defined "a Plant Out Of Place." The Clearing Of All Kinds Of Crops, And Keeping Them Free From Weeds, Is An Essential Part Of Cultivation : If This Be Omitted, Neglected, Or But Partially Per Formed, A Portion Of The Crop Will Be Lost, ...

Weevil
Weevil. The Apple-worm Has Been Long Known In Europe, And Its History Has Been Written By Some Of The Ablest Naturalists. Accounts Of It Have Been Furnished In The New England Farmer And Other Good American Periodicals. The, Apple-worm Moths May Be Found In The Early Part Of Summer, About ...