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Acute Tonsillitis
Acute Tonsillitis. This Is A Contagious Disease, And Should Be Treated As Such, Although It Has Hitherto Not Been Included Among The Diseases Reportable To The Health Authorities. It Attacks Young Persons Most Frequently And All Patients Should Be Isolated. Contagion Is Probably Only Acquired By Direct Contact With The ...

Alcohol
Alcohol. The Action Of Alcoholic Drinks Depends Chiefly Upon The Amount Of Alcohol They Contain. Ale, Stout, Beer, And Porter Contain From 3 To 7 Per Cent. Of Alcohol. The Bitter They Hold (hops) Tends To Improve The Appetite, But The Sugar And Starchy Matter May Cause Gas In The ...

Arteriosclerosis
Arteriosclerosis. The Blood-vessels Are Not Only Thickened, Their Caliber Thus Being Lessened, But They Degenerate (hardening) And Break More Readily. This Process Takes Place Naturally In Old Age, And Is, Therefore, Physiologic. When Arterioscle Rosis Occurs In Youth Or Middle Age It Is Abnormal And Leads To Many Other Disorders. ...

Baths
Baths. Baths Are Not By Any Means Of Use Solely For Cleansing Purposes. A Cold Plunge Is Not Particularly Cleansing, Yet Has A Marked Influence Upon The Body. A Daily Cold Bath (50 To 70 F.) Tends To Render The Skin Less Sensitive To Cold, And So Prevents Colds, And ...

Beriberi
Beriberi. Beriberi Is A Peculiar Disease Resulting From Disorder Of Nutrition Owing To The Absence Of Certain Unknown Ele Ments, Or Vitamins, In The Food. Vitamins Are Substances Existing In Food And Essential To Growth And Life. Certain Disorders, As Rickets And Scurvy In Children, Scurvy In Adults, Softening Of ...

Breakbone Fever Dengue
Dengue, Breakbone Fever, Dandy Fever. Dengue Is Transmitted From One Individual To Another By A Special Mosquito (culex Fatigans), And .this Is The Only Known Method Of Communication, As It Is Not Contagious In The Ordinary Sense. The Special Germ Which Is The Cause Of The Disease Has Not Yet ...

Brights Disease
Bright's Disease. Chronic Inflammation Of The Kidneys, Commonly Called Bright's Disease, Is, As We Have Seen, Often Part And Parcel Of Disease Of The Blood-vessels. In Younger Persons It Is Caused By The Poisons Of Acute Germ Diseases, Particularly Scarlet Fever, And That Produced In Some Cases (toxemia) Of Pregnancy. ...

Care Of The Teeth
Care Of The Teeth And Mouth. The Care Of The Teeth And Mouth Has Taken On A New Significance Of Late Owing To Great Progress In Treatment Of Abnormal Conditions, And Because It Has Become Evident That Inflammations In The Mouth - Including Decay Of The Teeth, And Inflammation Of ...

Cerebrospinal Meningitis
Cerebrospinal Meningitis. This Is A Disease Due To A Special Germ (meningococcus). It Frequently Occurs In Epidemics And In The Country Rather Than In Cities. Children Are More Often Attacked, Although Adults, Particularly Those Living In Squalor Or Crowded To Gether As In Military Camps, Are Quite Susceptible. It Is ...

Clothing
Clothing. We Can Hope To Exert But Little Influence Upon The Fair Sex In The Matter Of Clothing, Since Fashion Is The Sole Dictator Of Dress In Most Instances. One Not Rarely Sees A Wonderful Combination Of Such Material As A Sort Of Refined Mosquito Netting And Fur In The ...

Cold In The Head
Cold In The Head. Colds Are Due, In The First Instance, To Changes In The Circulation, And, Secondly, To The Presence Of Certain Germs In The Nose And Throat. Thus, In The Classic Experiments Of Rossbach, Who Opened The Windpipes Of Rabbits And Placed Ice On Their Bellies, It Was ...

Common Local Troubles As
Common Local Troubles As A Source Of Serious General Diseases. ...

Constipation
Constipation Constipation Is The Most Common And Radical Diges Tive Disorder. It Is Impossible To Say Precisely How Much Harm May Be Accomplished By Habitual Constipation, But A Large Part Of Known Diseases Has Been Attributed By Authorities To It. We Do Know Positively That Mental Depression, Physical Weakness And ...

Diphtheria
Diphtheria. It Has Been Found That Persons Are Much More Resistant To Diphtheria At Some Ages Than At Others. Thus, By Means Of The Schick Test, It Appears That At Birth 80 Per Cent. Of Infants Are Immune, And As High As 90 Per Cent. Of Adults,. While Of Children ...

Dysentery
Dysentery. Dysentery Is Acquired Like Typhoid Fever Through Water Or Food Containing The Dysentery Germs Escaping From The Bowels Of Patients. Again, Like Typhoid Fever, It May Be Acquired By Persons Who Handle The Patient's Body, Cloth Ing, And Vessels Holding His Discharges. More Often The Disease Is Taken By ...

Exercise
Exercise. ...

Food Poisoning
Food Poisoning. There Are Few Fields Of Household Hygiene, Household Sanitation, Or Household Medicine In Which Sound Popular Teaching Is So Im Portant As In That Which Relates To The Sanitation Of Food. Right Knowledge Of This Subject Is Not Only Clouded By Lack Of Information, But Obstructed By Definite ...

Heart Disease
Heart Disease. There Are Four Common Causes Of Heart Disease. Two Of These We Have Just Considered; That Is, Disease Of The Blood Vessels And Kidneys. We Have Found Disease Of These Organs Commonly Associated. The Most Frequent Cause Of Valvular And Other Diseases Of The Heart In Young Persons, ...

Heights And Weights
Heights And Weights. Are Responsible For Much Fatness. Heredity Is Important. The Secretions Of Certain Glands In The Body Are Absorbed Into The Blood And Increase Or Diminish The Tendency To Fat Formation. Thus, When Either Sex Is Castrated Of Either The Testicles Or Ovaries) The Secretions Of These Glands ...

Hydrophobia
Hydrophobia. While Hydrophobia Is A Comparatively Rare Disease In Man, It Would Be Much More Common Were It Not For The Pasteur Vaccination. The Disease Is Greatly More Fre Quent In Dogs, And Outbreaks Have Occurred In Most States In The Union - And For The First Time, Recently, On ...

Hygiene Of The Digestion
Hygiene Of The Digestion. Digestion Should Begin In The Mouth; That Is, The Of Food For Absorption Should Begin In The Mouth Through Proper Chewing, Thus Mixing The Food With Saliva, Which Digests Cooked Starchy Food Or Changes It Into Malt Sugar. This Takes Place Chiefly During The First Half-hour ...

Infantile Paralysis Poliomyelitis
Infantile Paralysis (poliomyelitis). This Disease Resembles Cerebrospinal Meningitis In Many Respects. It Occurs In Epidemics, More Often After Very Hot Weather In The Latter Part Of Summer Or Autumn, And Frequently Is Seen In Isolated Cases, As Is Meningitis. Then, Again, The Special Germ Of The Disease Is Found In ...

Knock Knees And Bow
Knock Knees And Bow Legs. Both These Conditions (figs. 15, 16) Are Due To General Weakness Or Disease Of The Bones, Particularly Rickets. They Are Common Deformities Of Young Children. In Knock-knees There Is Weakness Of The Knees Owing To The Stretching Of The Ligaments On The Inside Of The ...

La Grippe Influenza
Influenza, La Grippe. It Is Difficult To Define What Influenza Is. Many Doctors Call Any Severe Cold With Fever Influenza. Since Pfeiffer's Discovery (in 1893) Of A Special Germ As The Sole Cause Of Influenza, One Would Naturally Limit The Cases Of Influenza To Those In Which The Pfeiffer Germ ...

Lockjaw
Lockjaw. Lockjaw, Or Tetanus, Is A Rare Disease, So That A Physician Seldom Sees More That A Case Or Two In A Lifetime Unless Practising In A Region In Which The Disease Is Indigenous. In This Country Lockjaw More Frequently Occurs In Long Island, Connecticut, The Hudson River Valley, And ...

Malaria
Malaria. Malaria Is Now Known To Be Due To Animal Parasites (plasmodia) Which Are Only Transmitted To Man By A Par Ticular Kind Of Mosquito, The Genus Anopheles, Eight Species Of Which Act As Hosts To Plasmodia. The Mosquitoes, In Their Turn, Get The Malarial Parasite Into Their Bodies By ...

Measles
Measles. Measles Is A Disease Every One Is Supposed To Have, But This Need Not Necessarily Be If Attempts At Prevention Were General. It Is, Indeed, True That No Person And No Age Are Immune, But More Care Should Be Taken To Avoid Exposure. This Particularly Applies To Children Who ...

Mile Poisoning
Mile Poisoning, Poisoning Occurs More Often From Milk Than From Any Other Food. It Is A Wonderfully Good Food For Germs As Well As For Man, And The Germs Not Only Live In It, But Multi Ply Tremendously. There Are Always Germs In Milk, Even In Boiled Milk, Unless It ...

Mumps
Mumps. This Disease Is Generally Made Light Of By Everybody Ex Cept The Patient. It Differs From The Other Contagious Dis Eases In Having A Long Period Of Development - Fourteen To Twenty-four Days, More Usually About Three Weeks. Rarely The First Symptoms Have Not Shown Themselves For Thirty Six ...

Obesity
Obesity. To Estimate The Meaning Of Obesity A Knowledge Of The Normal Weight Is Necessary. In The Table On Page 308 Is Given The Average Weight Of Healthy Men For Different Ages And Heights. A Simple Rule Of Insurance Companies Is That A Weight Of Over 3 Pounds To The ...

Opium And Cocain
Opium And Cocain Prevention Of The Morphin And Cocain Habits Lies Largely With The Medical Profession. Morphin Is Taken By Means Of The Hypodermic Syringe In Most Cases. It Is First Given By Physicians For The Relief Of Pain. After Morphin Has Been Administered For A Month The Patient Has ...

Pellagra
Pellagra. This Is A Peculiar Disease, Beginning In Spain (1762), Spreading To Italy And France, And Within Six Or More Years Becoming Quite Prevalent In The Southeastern Part Of The United States. The Digestion, Skin, And Nervous System Are Particularly Affected. The Disease Is More Common In The Spring And ...

Plague Bubonic Plague
Plague. Bubonic Plague. Plague Has Been Known From The Second Century, And In The Fourteenth It Destroyed One-fourth Of The People Of Europe, And Was Known As The "black Death." It Ravaged Europe Again In The Seventeenth Century, But Gradually Died Down, Until It Appeared Again In Hong Kong In ...

Prevention Of Infection And
Prevention Of Infection And Bleeding In Wounds. Sterilization With Iodin, Inflammation, Sterilization By Washing. To Prevent Lockjaw. Special Wounds. Bullet Wounds. To Stop Bleeding. There Are Two Methods In Vogue To Prevent The Occur Rence Of Inflammation Or Infection In Wounds. The First Is Most Recent And Simple. ...

Prevention
Prevention. It Is Probable That No Book Advice Looking Toward The Prevention Of The Diseases Of Middle Age Would Be So Valu Able As The Advice To Consult A Physician. This Sounds Banal, But The Author Refers To A Custom Which Should Be Generally Established, Whereby Every Person Should Re ...

Ptomain Poisoning
Ptomain Poisoning. Ptomain Poisoning Is A Fashionable Term Covering, In Popular Usage, Symptoms Produced By Almost Any. Un Known Germ Disease With Abdominal Symptoms. As A Matter Of Fact, It Does Not Even Mean Food Poisoning, For Food Poisoning Means Damage Done By A Great Variety Of Poisons Or Toxins ...

Rickets
Rickets. Rickets Is A Common Disease Of Infants (occurring In 50 To 80 Per Cent. Of Babies) Between The Ages Of Three Months And Two Years Among The Less Favored Classes In Large Cities. . It Is Essentially A Disease Caused By Improper Diet, Usu Ally Occurring In Infants Fed ...

Scarlatina Scarlet Fever
Scarlet Fever, Scarlatina. Scarlatina Is Another Name For Scarlet Fever And Not A Milder Form Of The Disease, As The Layman Often Appears To Believe. Persons Are Not So Susceptible To Scarlet Fever As To Measles And Many Escape Infection. The Disease Is More Fatal Than Measles, Although Not So ...

Scurvy
Scurvy. Scurvy Has Been Called "the Calamity Of Sailors." It Occurs In Cities During Sieges, In Armies, Almshouses, Mining Camps, And Wherever The Diet Is Deficient In Fresh Meat, Milk, Vegetables, Or Fruit. Certain Other Circum Stances Predispose To Scurvy, As Depressing Conditions, Homesickness, Fatigue, And Exposure To Wet. Persons ...

Tea And Coffee
Tea And Coffee. It Is A Singular And Noteworthy Fact That There Appears To Be Some Instinctive Demand Or Craving Among Human Kind For Caffein. All Over The World Natives Have Discov Ered And Habitually Drink Beverages Containing This Active Principle, Although The Plants Have No Common Resem Blance And ...

The Hair
The Hair. ...

The Prevention Of Acute
The Prevention Of Acute And Chronic Rheumatism And Acute Tonsillitis. We Have Already Considered In Another Place The Far Reaching And Damaging Effects Of Tonsillitis And Other Local Ized Infections In The Production Not Only Of Rheumatism, But Of Many Other Serious Disorders (see Page 145). In The Prevention Of ...

The Prevention Of Cancer
The Prevention Of Cancer. Cancer Of The Lip, Tongue, And Inside Of The Mouth Is Largely Pre Ventable. It Occurs In Smokers And In Those With Rough Teeth Who Do Not Take Proper Care Of Their Mouths. Syphilis Is Present In A Small Percentage Of Cases. The Precancerous Conditions Usually ...

The Prevention Of Diseases
The Prevention Of Diseases Of Children. While The Surest Way To Achieve Longevity Is To Possess Long-lived Progenitors, Yet Much May Be Done To Secure A . Useful, Healthy, And Long Life By The Care Given The Child. What Has Already Been Accomplished, As Affecting The Average Duration Of Life ...

The Prevention Of Nervous
The Prevention Of Nervous And Mental Diseases. Under This Caption We Have In Mind Chiefly The Preven Tion Of Functional Nervous Disorders, Especially Neuras Thenia Or Nervous Prostration And Hysteria, Together With Some Of The More Common Forms Of Mental Disorder. Unfortunately, A Defective Nervous System Is More Cer Tainly ...

The Prevention Of Sexual
The Prevention Of Sexual Diseases And Sexual Hygiene. This Is A Tremendous Subject, But The Discussion Herein Will Be Chiefly Confined To Protection Of The Individual Rather Than The Public. There Are But Two Important Sexual Diseases - Gonorrhea And Syphilis. The Prevalence Of These Diseases Is Much Greater Than ...

The Prevention Of Some
The Prevention Of Some Deformities. The Way The Human Body Is Used Is Of The Utmost Importance If Proper Health And Efficiency Of The Individual Are To Exist, And To Prevent The Common Deformities Seen In Human Beings The Appre Ciation Of This Fact Is Of The Greatest Consequence. If ...

Tobacco
Tobacco. Tobacco Is Essentially A Narcotic. In Large Amounts Narcotics (as Bromids, Opium, Alcohol) Produce Stupor And Unconsciousness, But In Small Doses Are Sedative And Thus It Is With Tobacco. The Narcotic Influence Is Exerted Upon The Brain. The Action Of Tobacco Upon The Circulation Consists First In Slowing And ...

Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis. ...

Typhoid Fever
Typhoid Fever. Vaccination Against Typhoid Fever Is Now The Most Im Portant Means Of Prevention, But One Which Has Not Yet Been Popularly Appreciated And Accepted. The Principle Of Vaccination Is That By The Injection Under The Skin Of Dead Germs Of Typhoid Fever There Is A Production In The ...

Vaccination And Small Pdx
Vaccination And Small Pdx. The Most Successful Examples Of Vaccination Against Germ Diseases At The Present Time Include Vaccination For Small-pox, Typhoid Fever, Diphtheria, Lockjaw, Hydrophobia, Dysentery, Cholera, Plague, Cerebrospinal Meningitis. It Might At First Sight Appear Disheartening To Find Many Per Sons And Sects Still Actively Opposing Vaccination For ...

Ventilation
Ventilation. A Word About Ventilation May Not Be Amiss. The Older Ideas Concerning Ventilation Have Been Gradually Slipping Away, Especially The Belief That The Exhalation Of Carbonic Acid Gas From The Lungs, And Corresponding Con Sumption Of Oxygen By Occupants Of A Room, Is The Chief Cause Of Bad Air ...

Weak Foot And Flat Foot
Weak Foot And Flat-foot. These Conditions Are Often Seen In Young Children, As Well As In Adults Who Stand At Their Work, And Should Be Corrected In Their Earlier Stages Before Actual Deformity Occurs. In Weak Ankles There Is Usually A Tendency To Flat-feet. In Standing, The Characteristics Of Weak ...

Whooping Cough
Whooping Cough. The Public Needs Instruction Concerning The Prevention Of Whooping-cough More Than In Any Other Contagious Disease. This Follows, First, Because Less Pains Are Taken To Isolate Patients Than In The Case Of Any Other Of The In Fectious Disorders, And, Second, Because Both The Laity And Profession Appear ...

Yellow Fever
Yellow Fever. The Prevention Of Yellow Fever Is The Most Interesting Of Any Similar Attempt In The History Of Medicine, On Account Of The Heroism Involved, The Ingenuity Practised, And The Wonderful Success Attained. Yellow Fever Has Been Shown Not To Be Contagious Through Contact With A Patient, His Surroundings, ...