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Actinobacillosis
Actinobacillosis Actinobacillosis Is A Disease Of Cattle Occurring Principally In South America But Which Is Also Met With In Europe And In North America. It Is Characterized By Symptoms Closely Resembling Those Of Actinomycosis, From Which It Cannot Be Positively Distinguished Clinically. Etiology. Actinobacillosis Is Caused By A Small Organism ...

Actinomycosis
Actinomycosis " Lumpy Jaw";" Wooden Tongue"; Ray-fungus Disease Actinomycosis Is A Specific Disease Most Commonly Affecting Cattle, And Characterized By The Production Of Chronic Tumour-like Growths Affecting The Connective Tissue And Bone, Frequently With Chronic Suppurating Centres. It Is Occasionally Met With In The Horse, Pig, Sheep And Goat, And ...

African Horse Sickness
African Horse-sickness (pestis Equorum) Perreziekte Or Paardenziekte (dutch), Pferde Sterbe (german), La Peste Du Cheval (french), La Peste Equina ( Italian). Definition. Horse-sickness Is A Disease Of Equines Caused By An Ultra-visible Virus Prob Ably Transmitted By A Blood-sucking Insect. It Is Likely That A Non-equine Animal Acts As A ...

Anthrax
Anthrax Splenic Apoplexy; Splenic Fever; Milt Fever Anthrax Is The Disease Caused By A Specific Organism, The Bacillus Anth, Racis Or The Anthrax Bacillus. In Warm And Fairly Hot Climates The Bacillus Is Capable Of Living And Multiplying Outside The Animal Body, But In The British Isles This Is Highly ...

Bacterial
Bacterial. Bacillary Necrosis; Under This Heading May Be Considered A Number Of Affections Occurring Under A Variety Of Conditions And In Different Species Of Animals, And Caused By The Bacillus Of Necrosis (bacillus Necrophorus). The Organism Has A Very Wide Distribution In Nature, Being Commonly Present In Soil And In ...

Blackleg
Blackleg Blackquarter; Symptomatic Anthrax; Quarter 111; Quarter Evil;" Felon";"strike";"struck";" Hyans";" Irons" Blackleg Is An Acute Bacterial Affection Of The Ox And Sheep, Caused By The Bacillus Of Blackleg. Cases Have Been Recorded In The Horse And Pig, But There Is Some Doubt As To Their Authenticity. In Cattle The Common ...

Bluetongue In Sheep
Bluetongue In Sheep Bluetongue Is A Specific Febrile Disease Of Sheep, Caused By An Ultravisible Virus, And Characterized By Catarrhal Inflammation Of The Mucous Mem Branes Of The Mouth, Nose, And Intestine, Very Often Accompanied By Inflammation Of The Laminae Of The Feet. The Name" Bluetongue, " A Literal Translation ...

Bursati
Bursati Bursati Is The Name Used In India To Desig Nate A Particular Diseased Condition Of The Skin And Subcutaneous Tissues Of Equines Which Is Characterized By The Formation Of Fibrous Tumours Embedded In Which Are Peculiar Bodies Known As Kunkure, And Ulceration Of The Over Lying Skin. The Occurrence ...

Calf Diphtheria Necrotic Or
Calf Diphtheria (necrotic Or Ulcerative Stomatitis Of Calves) Calf Diphtheria Is An Acute Contagious Disease Of Young Calves Caused By The Bacillus Of Necrosis And Characterized By Diphtheritic And Ulcerative Lesions Of The Mouth And Throat. It Has No Association Whatever With Human Diphtheria. Calves May Become Affected Within A ...

Canine Distemper
Canine Distemper Catarrhal Fever Of The Dog; Canine Plague; Canine Influenza Canine Distemper Is A Specific Contagious Disease Chiefly Affecting Young Animals Of The Canine Tribe And Characterized By Fever, Catarrh Of The Mucous Membranes And Fre Quently Nervous Derangements. Distemper Has A World-wide Distribution And Often Occurs In The ...

Canine Typhus
Canine Typhus Epizodtic Gangrenous Stomatitis And Enteritis; Stuttgart Dog Disease Canine Typhus Is A Disease Of Dogs Charac Terized By Hemorrhagic Gastro-enteritis With A Great Tendency To Necrosis Of The Mucous Mem Brane Of The Mouth And Other Parts Of The Alimentary Tract. As In The Ease Of Contagious Bronchopneumonia ...

Cattle Plague
Cattle-plague Contagious Bovine Typhus; Peste Bovine (french); Rinderpest (german) Definition. An Acute Contagious Disease Chiefly Affecting Cattle, Characterized By Fever And Inflammatory Lesions Of The Mucous Mem Branes, More Particularly Of The Alimentary Tract. All The Tissues, Secretions, And Excretions Are Infective, But The Specific Causal Agent Is Ultra-microscopic. History ...

Chronic Metritis In The
Chronic Metritis In The Bitch A Form Of Chronic Metritis Of Bacterial Origin Occurs In The Bitch And Occasionally In The Female Cat. It Is Most Commonly Seen In Aged Bitches, In The Majority Of Cases About Eight Years Old, That Have Never Been In Whelp, Though It Is Met ...

Class Sporozoa
Class Sporozoa These Are Exclusively Parasitic Protozoa Which Have No Cilia Or Flagella In Their Growing Or Vegetative Stages, But Flagella Occur On The Adult Male Element. They Ingest Liquid Food By Osmosis, The Surface Of The Body Is Covered With An Ectoplasmic Layer Or Cuticle. In Some Stages They ...

Clinical Pathology Of Blood
Clinical Pathology Of Blood The Blood May Be Considered As A Tissue, Composed Of Cellular And Intercellular Con Stituents, The Former Being The Red And White Corpuscles And The Platelets, And The Latter The Plasma. Owing To Its Coming Into Intimate Association With All Other Tissues, Its Examination May Afford ...

Coccidioses
Coccidioses. Diseases Caused By Protozoan Parasites Of The Order Coccidiidea. Coccidia Were First Observed By Hake (1839) During His Investiga Tions On The So-called Coccidial Nodules Of Rabbits. Remak (1845) And Lieberkiihn (1854) Drew Attention To Their Similarity With Organisms Known As Psorosperms Found In Fishes, And Hence The Disease ...

Coital
Coital Vesicular Exanthema Of The This Is A Contagious Disease Met With In Horses, Cattle, And Occasionally Sheep, And More Rarely In Other Species, Transmitted During Coition And Characterized By Vesicular And Pustular Lesions Of The External Genital Organs. There Is Some Doubt As To Whether The Affection Symptoms. There ...

Colic
Colic By The Term Colic At The Present Time Is Meant A Collection Of Symptoms Indicating Abdominal Pain, Usually Acute And Suddenly Occurring. In Reality, However, The Term Refers To Spasm Of That Portion Of The Large Intestines Designated The Colon. The Majority Of Cases Of Colic In The Horse ...

Constipation
Constipation Constipation In The Horse. This Is The Arrest In The Passage Of Fees, And Is Generally Caused By Some Defective Secretions Of The Intestines Or Lack Of Muscular Tone (atony) Of The Intestinal Wall. It May Also Be Due To A Definite Obstruc Tion, Such As Calculus In Horses ...

Contagious Abortion In
Contagious Abortion In During The Past Thirty Years Numerous Observations Have Been Made Regarding The Etiology Of Contagious Abortion In Mares In Europe And The United States Of America. Various Types Of Organisms Have Been Described As The Responsible Agent. Mcfadyean And Edwards Have Recently Confirmed The Findings Of Several ...

Contagious Abortion Of
Contagious Abortion Of The Losses In Dairy Herds Resulting From Con Tagious Or Epizootic Abortion Are Second Probably Only To Those Occasioned By Tuberculosis In This And Other Countries Where The Maintenance Of Dairy Herds Forms A Very Large Part Of The Agricultural Programme. It Is Not Only The Loss ...

Contagious Agalaxia Of The
Contagious Agalaxia Of The Sheep And Goat This Is A Contagious Disease Apparently Limited To Sheep And Goats, With Lesions Princi Pally Affecting The Mammary Glands, Eyes, Joints, And Skin. It Is Said To Be Limited To Europe, Particularly The Mountainous Districts Of Switzerland, Northern Italy, And Southern France. Sheep ...

Contagious Aphtha Of Lambs
Contagious Aphtha Of Lambs And Kids Malignant Aphtha; Contagious Ulcerative Sto Matitis; Gangrenous Mammitis Of Ewes And Goats This Is A Contagious Disease Which Usually Occurs Amongst Sheep And Lambs Or Goats And Kids When Running Together, And Characterized By An Ulcerative Stomatitis Of The Lambs And Kids, And Gangrenous ...

Contagious Bovine Pneumonia
Contagious Bovine Pneumonia Definition. A Specific Contagious Disease Of Cattle With Lesions Mainly Confined To The Lungs And Pleura And Characterized By A Marked Exudation Of Sero-fibrinous Lymph Into The Interstitial Connective Tissue Of These Organs. History. Contagious Bovine Pleuro - Pneu Monia Is An Old Disease Which Was Recognized ...

Contagious Equine
Contagious Equine Contagious Gangrenous Pneumonia Of Contagious Pleuro-pneumonia Of Horses, Which May Also Affect Asses And Mules, Is A Rather Commonly Occurring Affection, Characterized By High Fever And The Early Onset Of Pneumonia, Which Is Frequently Followed By Necrosis And Gangrene Of The Lung And Also Frequently By A Putrid ...

Contagious Pneumonia Of Young
Contagious Pneumonia Of Young Calves This Is An Infectious Form Of Pneumonia Of Calves Which May Come On Primarily Or Occur As A Sequel To White Scour. It Frequently Makes Its Appearance In From Two To Three Weeks After Birth, And Calves Up To Two Or Three Months Old May ...

Contagious Pustular
Contagious Pustular Stomatitis Pustulosa Contagious Pustular Stomatitis Is An In Fectious Exanthema Characterized By Fever And Lesions Chiefly Affecting The Mucous Membrane Of The Mouth And Lips, And Generally Running A Benign Course. It Commonly Affects Horses, And In Rare Cases Has Been Transmitted To Cattle, Sheep, Pigs, And Birds. ...

Contagious Ulceration Of The
Contagious Ulceration Of The External Genitals Of Sheep Ulcerative Vulvitis In Ewes. This Is A Some What Rare Affection Occurring In The Form Of Outbreaks In Sheep At The Breeding Season. It Is Characterized By The Development Of Ulcers Of The External Genital Organs Of Both Ewes And Rams, And ...

Diabetes
Diabetes Two Conditions Are Usually Included Under This Term, Viz.: (1) Diabetes Insipidus, Or Polyuria. (2) Diabetes Mellitus, Or Saccharine Diabetes. Diabetes Insipidus; Polyuria (profusestaling). Polyuria Is A Condition In Which Excessive Quantities Of Urine Of Low Specific Gravity Are Passed Without There Being Any Organic Disease Of The Kidney. ...

Diseases Due To Protozoan
Diseases Due To Protozoan Parasites The Protozoa Are The Lowest Types Of Animal Life.. They Are Each Composed Of A Single Cell Only, A Point Which Differentiates Them From All Other Animals Which Are Formed Out Of A More Or Less Considerable Number Of Cells Arranged In A Special Manner ...

Diseases Of The Circulatory
Diseases Of The Circulatory System These Are Conveniently Considered Under Three Headings: (1) Diseases Of The Pericardium. (2) Diseases Of The Heart. (3) Diseases Of The Blood-vessels. Diseases Of The Pericardium Pericarditis (inflammation Of The Pericardium). Pericarditis Is Not Very Commonly Met With In Domesticated Animals. It Occurs Most Fre ...

Diseases Of The Diaphragm
Diseases Of The Diaphragm Spasm Of The Diaphragm; Abdominal Pulsation This Condition May Be Met With In Any Of The Domesticated Animals, But It Is Seen Most Fre Quently In The Horse And In The Dog. Etiology. The Cause Of Spasm Of The Dia Phragm Is Not Clearly Understood. In ...

Diseases Of The Digestive
Diseases Of The Digestive Tract Stomatitis; Inflammation Of The Mouth All Inflammatory Affections Of The Mouth Or The Buccal Mucous Membrane Are Included In The Term Stomatitis. Stomatitis May Be Diffuse Or Localised. It May Be A Simple Or Superficial Affection Without Any Serious Import; While, On The Other Hand, ...

Diseases Of The Esophagus
Diseases Of The (esophagus The Oesophagus Is Not Subject To Many Dis Eased Conditions Which Give Rise To Clinical Symptoms. It Is Apparently Not A Very Sensitive Structure, And Is, Moreover, Endowed With A Fairly Thick Mucous Membrane. Most Of The Affections Are Only Discovered On Post-mortem Examination. Spasm Of ...

Diseases Of The Intestines
Diseases Of The Intestines Enteritis Or Inflammation Of The Intestines Enteritis Is A Fairly Common Affection Of All The Domesticated Animals And Various Forms Of The Disease Are Recognized. Superficial In Flammation Is Frequently Spoken Of As Catarrhal Enteritis Or Muco-enteritis, While Inflammations Involving The Deeper Structures Of The Intestines ...

Diseases Of The Liver
Diseases Of The Liver Congestion Of The Liver This May Be Referred To Under Three Headings According To The System Of Vessels Affected. There May Be (a) Active Congestion, When An Increased Amount Of Blood Is Brought To The Liver By The Hepatic Artery. (b) Passive Congestion, When There Is ...

Diseases Of The Muscular
Diseases Of The Muscular System Diseases Of The Muscles Other Than Muscular Rheumatism And Parasitic Diseases Are Generally Regarded As Surgical Conditions, And Are Dealt With In The Surgical Section Of This Work, Conse Quently Only Passing Reference Is Made To Them Here. Myositis (inflammation Of Muscle) Several Forms Of ...

Diseases Of The Nervous
Diseases Of The Nervous System The Brain And Its Membranes Meningitis, Or Inflammation Of The Mem Branes Of The Brain. The Membranes Covering The Brain Are Not Infrequently The Seat Of Inflammation In Domesticated Animals. When The Outer Membrane, The Dura Mater, Is Affected, The Condition Is Called Pachymeningitis. When ...

Diseases Of The Pancreas
Diseases Of The Pancreas Diseases Of The Pancreas Are Rarely Met With In Veterinary Practice, And Still More Rarely Are They Diagnosed During Life. This Is Largely Owing To The Fact That The Secretions Of The Digestive Fluid Of The Pancreas Can Be Replaced By Secretions Of Other Organs. In ...

Diseases Of The Peritoneum
Diseases Of The Peritoneum Peritonitis; Inflammation Of The Peritoneum The Peritoneum Is The Serous Membrane Of The Abdominal Cavity. It Therefore Lines The Inner Surface Of The Abdominal Wall, The Posterior Face Of The Diaphragm, And Is Reflected By Way Of The Mesentery And Omentum Over The Outer Surface Of ...

Diseases Of The Respiratory
Diseases Of The Respiratory Apparatus Diseases Of The Nasal Cavity Nasal Catarrh; Coryza; Rhinitis.this Affec Tion Is A Catarrhal Inflammation Of The Nasal Mucous Membrane. Causes. In Some Instances Nasal Catarrh Is A Primary Affection, While In Other Cases It Is Symptomatic Of General Catarrhal Affections As Strangles, Influenza, And ...

Diseases Of The Spleen
Diseases Of The Spleen The Spleen Is The Largest Of The" Ductless Glands" And Lies In Close Relationship To The Greater Curvature Of The Stomach Or In Rumin Ants In A Similar Relation To The Rumen, On The Left Side Of The Body. Externally It Is Of A Bluish-red Colour, ...

Diseases Of The Stomach
Diseases Of The Stomach In Ruminants The First Three Compartments Of The Stomach Of Ruminants (rumen, Reticulum, And Omasum) Are Not Concerned With The Immediate Process Of Digestion, And May With Advantage Be Re Garded As Dilatations Of The Oesophagus. Their Functions Are Mainly Concerned With The Mixing And Softening ...

Diseases Of The Stomach_2
Diseases Of The Stomach In The Horse. Posed To By An Insufficient Water-supply, And By Animals Bolting Their Food, As May Result From Irregular Feeding, And In The Case Of Greedy Feeders Or Owing To The Presence Of Diseased Teeth. It Is Exceedingly Bad Policy To Allow Horses To Fast ...

Diseases Of The Stomach_3
Diseases Of The Stomach Of The Dog Gastric Indigestion. -this Condition In The Dog May Be Due To Improper Foods, Or It May Be Due To Defects In The Quantity Or Quality Of The Gastric Juice. The Ease With Which A Dog Can Empty His Stomach By Vomiting And So ...

Diseases Of The Stomach_4
Diseases Of The Stomach In Swine Gastritis. Inflammation Of The Stomach Of The Pig May Be Brought About By Irritants In The Foods, Such As Adulterants Which Are Frequently Found In Pig Meals, Also Foreign Bodies, Such As Stones, Pieces Of Wood, Etc.; Various Irritant Poisons Cause Gastritis In The ...

Diseases Of The Thyroid
Diseases Of The Thyroid Gland Very Little Is Known Of The Functions Of The Thyroid. They Are, However, Very Important, And Their Arrest Gives Rise To Serious Results. In Fact, The Thyroid Gland May Be Regarded As An Absolutely Vital Organ. Diseases Of The Thyroid Gland Usually Causes Enlargement Of ...

Diseases Of The Urinary
Diseases Of The Urinary Organs Normal Urine In The Horse The Urine Is Slightly Turbid When Passed, Becoming More Turbid After It Stands A While. In Reaction It Is Alkaline, Due To The Presence Of Carbonate Of Potassium. It Is Said, However, That In Horses Fed Entirely On Oats The ...

Distemper Of The Cat
Distemper Of The Cat Catarrhal Fever Of The Cat; Feline Influenza The Cat Is The Subject Of A Disease Somewhat Corresponding With Distemper Of The Dog But With Apparently No Etiological Connection. As In The Case Of The Dog It Is Probably Due To A Filtrable Virus, But Little Or ...

Dogs
Dogs This Is A Contagious Affection Of The Dog Most Frequently Affecting Adults And Characterized By Inflammation Of The Lungs And Bronchi. It Is Very Frequently Diagnosed As Distemper, But It Appears To The Writer To Present Various Mani Festations Which Are Sufficient To Justify It Being Regarded As An ...

Dourine
Dourine Synonyms. Covering Disease; Breeding Para Lysis; Mal Du Colt (fr.); Beschalseuche ( Ger.); Etc. Dourine Is A Disease Of Horses And Asses, And Is A Specific, Contagious, Chronic, And Insidious Malady Caused By A Protozoan Parasite Named Trypanosoma Equiperdum. Diseases Caused By Trypanosomes Have Their Habitat, For The Most ...

East Coast Fever
East Coast Fever East African Coast Fever; African Coast Fever; Rhodesian Red-water; Rhodesian Tick Fever; Tropical Piroplasmosis; Bovine Theileriasis Definition. An Acute Specific Disease Affecting Bovine Animals, Caused By The Theileria Parva, And Transmitted By Ticks Belonging To The Species Rhipicephalida. History. This Disease Was First Investigated By Koch In ...

Enzootic Paraplegia In Lambs
Enzootic Paraplegia In Lambs Renguera Renguera Is A Serious Disease Affecting Lambs In The Andes Regions Of Peru, And Characterized By Derangements Of The Locomotory Apparatus With Incoordination Of Movement Leading Up To General Paralysis Commencing With The Hind Quarters. It Has Been Studied By Geiger And Others. The Disease ...

Ephemeral Fever
Ephemeral Fever Three-day Sickness; Stiff Sickness; Dengue Definition. An Acute Febrile Disease Of Cattle, Usually Running Its Course In Three Days And Characterized By Muscular Stiffness. History. This Disease Was First Observed Among Cattle In North-western Rhodesia, And Made Its Appearance In Matabeleland During The Latter Part Of November 1906, ...

Epizootic Abortion Of Sheep
Epizootic Abortion Of Sheep It Has Been Definitely Established By The Departmental Committee On Epizootic Abortion That The Disease In Sheep Is Specific. The Disease In The Sheep Appears To Be Confined To Definite Areas In Contrast To The Bovine Disease. This, As Was Pointed Out By The Committee, Is ...

Epizootic Cerebro Spinal
Epizootic Cerebro Spinal This Is A Contagious Disease Of Horses With A Wide Distribution, Being Met With On The Con Tinent Of Europe And In America Outbreaks Have Occurred From Time To Time In The British Isles. The Effects Of Outbreaks Are Very Serious, And The Mortality May Sometimes Be ...

Epizootic Lymphangitis
Epizootic Lymphangitis. African Farcy; Lymphangitis Saccharomycotica Epizootic Lymphangitis Is A Chronic Con Tagious Disease Characterized By Inflammation And Suppuration Of The Subcutaneous Lymphatic Vessels. It Affects Principally Horses, Asses, And Mules, But Has Been Reported To Affect Cattle In Japan. It Is Not Inoculable To Man. The Disease Has Rather ...

Equine
Equine Epizootic Cellulitis; Equine Influenza Is A Highly Contagious Fever Of Equines, Characterized By Derangement Of The Nervous And Vascular Systems And Catarrh Of The Mucous Membranes. There Is No Connection Between It And Any Disease Of Other Species. Etiology. The Organism Causing It Has Not Been Satisfactorily Demonstrated, Though ...

Etiology Or Causation Of
Etiology Or Causation Of Disease. The Causes Of Disease May Be Divided Into Two Classes, Or May Be Studied Under Two Headings, Namely: (1) Predisposing Causes; (2) Exciting Causes. The Predisposing Causes Of Disease Are Those Which Appear To Render The Animal Body Less Resistant To The Exciting Causes. They ...

Family I Argasidae
Family I. Argasidae The Argasidm Are Ticks With Leathery Integu Ment, No Portion Being Specially Chitinized To Form A Scutum Or Shield. The Sexes Differ Very Little. The Capitulum (in Nymphs And Adults) Is Inferior, And Invisible Dorsally, And The Palps Are Leg-like. The Spiracles Are Small And Usually Anterior ...

Family Ii Ixodidye
Family Ii. Ixodidye This Family Comprises The Great Bulk Of The Ticks. The Capitulum Is Always Terminal, And The Fourth Or Final Article Of The Palp Is So Reduced In Size As Generally To Form A Mere Tubercle Beneath Article 3. A Scutum Or Shield Is Always Present. The Sexes ...

Foot And Mouth Disease
Foot-and-mouth Disease Eczema Epizootica; Epizootic Aphtha; Aphthous Fever Foot - And - Mouth Disease Is An Acute Con Tagious Fever Affecting Cattle, Sheep, Goats And Swine, And Associated With Vesicular Lesions About The Mouth Or Feet, Or Both. Horses, Poultry And Human Beings Are Also Susceptible, But To A Very ...

Goats
Goats An Acute Form Of Pneumonia And Pleurisy Has Been Described As Occurring In Various Parts Of Europe, Particularly In The Mountainous Districts Of Germany, Italy, And The Pyrenees. And Also In Algeria. It Has Also Been Met With In India. It Appears To Be Limited To Goats, And Is ...

Grass Disease In The
Grass Disease In The Horse Grass Sickness—forage Poisoning For Several Years Past A Disease Of Horses In Certain Parts Of Scotland And North Of England Has Been Recognized By The Above Names Owing To The Fact That It Has Been Regarded As Being Due To The Ingestion Of Food, Either ...

Heartwater
Heartwater Heartwater Is A Specific Tick-transmitted Disease Of Cattle, Sheep, And Goats, Caused By An Ultravisible Virus, And Characterized Post Mortem By An Accumulation Of Liquid In The Pericardial Sac, A Striking Lesion From Which The Popular Name Has Been Derived. Various Other Names Have Been Applied To The Disease ...

Hiemoglobinuria In Horses
Hiemoglobinuria In Horses Hwrooglobinwinia; Azoturia; Black-water; Black Strangury Azoturia Is A Condition Peculiar To The Horse Tribe, And Although It Is Frequently Met With, Its True Etiology Is Still Unknown. It Always Occurs Under Somewhat Similar Conditions, In Which The Horse, Previously In Hard-working Condition, Has Been Rested For A ...

Hiemorrhagic Septicjemia
Hiemorrhagic Septicjemia Under The Term" Hmmorrhagie Septicaemia" Are Grouped A Number Of Diseases, Occurring In Almost All The Domesticated Animals, Rodents, Fowls, And Certain Wild Animals, Which Are Characterized By Haemorrhages Into The Tissues And The Presence Of A Particular Type Of Organism In The Blood-stream And Tissues Of The ...

Infectious Anemia In Horses
Infectious Anemia In Horses. Pernicious Anemia; Swamp Equine Infectious Anemia Is A Contagious Disease Caused By An Ultra-visible Virus And Limited To Horses And The Horse Tribe. Mules Appear To Be More Resistant To It Than Horses. It Has A Very Wide Distribution And Is Met With In Europe, America ...

Infective Muco Enteritis Of Calves
Infective Muco-enteritis Of Calves And Foals This Is A Form Of Diarrhcea Which Attacks Calves Between The Ages Of A Fortnight And Three Months, But May Be Met With In Older Animals. It Is Commonly Called" Scour" Or" Skit, " And Is Regarded As A Different Affection From White Scour. ...

Johnes Disease
Johne's Disease Chronic Bacterial Enteritis Of Cattle; Chronic Paratuberculous Enteritis Of Cattle Johne's Disease Is A Chronic Enteritis Par Ticularly Affecting Cattle, And Having A Very Wide Distribution Throughout The World. In Addition To Cattle, Sheep And Goats May Be Affected, And Several Cases Have Been Seen In Horses, And ...

Ll E W B
Ll. E. W. B. Anaplasmosis Gall-sickness Anaplasms Were First Discovered In 1893 By Smith And Kilborne In Their Investigations On Texas Fever, But These Workers Considered The Bodies To Be In The Nature Of Degenerated Piro Plasms. They Were Later Discovered In 1904 In South America By Kolle, But The ...

Longirostrata
Longirostrata Genus 8, Hyalomma. It Is Unnecessary To Characterize This Genus, As For Economic Purposes It May Be Said To Contain A Single Species, Hyalomma Cegyptium. It Is Noteworthy For Its Dark-brown Scutum With Hemispherical Eyes, Which Are Not Marginal As In Most Ticks But Internal To The Scutal Border, ...

Louping Ill
Louping-ill Tremblings; Ovine Chorea Is An Infective Disease Of Sheep Which Is Transmitted By Ticks. Occasional Cases Have Also Been Said To Occur In Swine And Cattle. It Is Apparently Confined To Scotland, The North Of England, And The North-west Of Ireland. Louping-ill Infected Localities May Be Sharply Marked Off ...

Mal De Caderas
Mal De Caderas Mal De Caderas Is A Disease Of Equines Occurring In South America And Is Caused By A Trypano Some—trypanosoma Equinum. It Is Uncertain When The Disease Was First Recognized, But It Appears To Be A Fact That It Was Responsible For Enormous Losses Among Equines In 1860. ...

Malignant Catarrh Of The
Malignant Catarrh Of The Ox Gangrenous Coryza; Malignant Catarrhal Fever Of Cattle Malignant Catarrh Is A Contagious Affection Of Cattle Characterized By Acute Catarrhal In Flammation Of The Mucous Membranes Of The Respiratory And Alimentary Tracts, And Some Times The Skin. The Affection Is Not Rapidly Contagious, And It Commonly ...

Malignant Edema
Malignant Edema Traumatic Gangrene; Gas Gangrene Malignant Cedema Is An Acute Bacterial Affection Due To The Inoculation Of Wounds With A Bacillus—bacillus Of Malignant Cedema (koch), Vibrion Septique (pasteur). (recent Researches, However, Go To Show That The Disease Known By The Name Of Gas Gangrene In The Human Subject May ...

Malta Fever In Goats
Malta Fever In Goats This Disease Is Now Generally Termed" Undul Ant Fever, " But It Has Been Known For A Long Time Under The Names Of" Malta Fever, "" Mediterranean Fever, " And" Rock Fever." As Far As The Domesticated Animals Are Con Cerned, Practically All The Different Species ...

Mange Mites
Mange Mites Of The Animal Parasites Which Cause Skin Affections In The Domestic Animals None Are Of Such Practical Importance As The Mange Mites. They Belong To The Same Order (acarina) As The Ticks, And They Are Grouped Under Two Families Sareoptidse And Demodecidre. They Are All Of Small Size ...

Milk Fever
Milk Fever Dropping After Calving; Parturient Fever; Parturient Apoplexy; Parturient Intoxica Tion; Vitulary Fever; Post-partum Paresis Milk Fever Is A Disease Which Occurs In Milch Cows And Occasionally Milch Goats, And More Rarely Swine, At The Time Of Parturition, And Is Characterized By Nervous Derangement Fre Quently With Partial Or ...

Necrosis Of The Skin
Necrosis Of The Skin Of The Head In Sheep This Is A Condition Of Sheep Somewhat Re Sembling Malignant Catarrh Of The Ox, But Is Known To Be Due To The Necrosis Bacillus. It Differs From The Disease In Cattle, In That A Number Of Animals Are Usually Affected At ...

Ornate Males
Ornate Males. If Inornate, The Specimen May Belong To Any Genus, For There Arc Inornate Examples Of Derma Centor, Amblyomma And Aponomma, While Rhipicephalus Is Generally Without Scutal Pattern. The Eyes, Again, May Help Us At First. Ixodes, Licemaphysalis And Aponomma Are Eyeless; The Rest Are Eyed. The Eyeless Genera ...

Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis Osteomalacia; Rarefying Osteitis;" Big Head" Osteoporosis Is A Disease Of Bones Confined To Adults, And Is Developed After The Bones Have Been Once Formed. It Is A Condition In Which Lime Salts Are Removed From The Bone, Causing Diminished Resistance And Allowing The Increased Formation Of Organic Matter, With ...

Parasites Of The Alimentary
Parasites Of The Alimentary Tract Parasites Of The Pharynx Horse Leeches (hmnaopis Sanguisuga). Leeches May Be Met With In The Pharynx Of Horses And Cattle, Having Been Taken In With The Drinking-water. They Are Temporary Parasites With Soft, Elongated, Segmented Bodies, And Furnished With Two Suckers. By Their Oral Suckers ...

Parasitic Insecta
Parasitic Insecta Insects Are Air-breathing Arthropoda. They Are Differentiated Into Head, Thorax, And Abdo Men, The Head Carrying A Pair Of Antenna, And The Thorax Carrying Three Pairs Of Legs And Often Two Pairs Of Wings. Some, However, Are Wingless. Two Orders Furnish Parasitic Members, Viz. Hemiptera Or Rhyncota, Diptera. ...

Pharyngitis
Pharyngitis The Pharynx Is Subject To Almost All The Diseased Conditions That May Be Met With In Connection With The Mouth, Of Which It May Almost Be Regarded As An Extension. Catarral Pharyngitis In The Horse. This Condition Is Very Common In The Horse, And Is Perhaps Most Frequently Met ...

Piroplasmoses
Piroplasmoses Piroplasmosls Of Cattle. Or Texas Fever. The Parasite Was Discovered And De Scribed In 1893 By Smith And Kilborne In America. They Called It Pyrosoma Bigeminum. A Few Years Before That (1888) Babes In Roumania Had Seen Small Coccus-like Points In Blood Corpuscles Of Cattle Affected With Red-water, And ...

Prostriata
Prostriata Genus 1, Ixodes.inornate Ticks Without Eyes Or Festoons; Article 2 Of The Palps Narrow At The Base; Spiracles Round Or Oval; Sexual Dimor Phism Pronounced, The Venter Of The Male Being Covered By Chitinized Plates Which Do Not Project. Anal Groove In Front Of Anus (see Fig. 133). There ...

Purpura Hiemorrhagica In The
Purpura Hiemorrhagica In The Horse. The Heart Was Very Weak, And Dropsical Swell Ings Of The Limbs And Body Cavities Occurred. There Was An Absence Of Febrile Symptoms, And Urine And Faeces Were Blood-stained. All The Recorded Cases Terminated Fatally. G. H. W Fr. Morve—ger. Rotz. Glanders Is An Infectious ...

Rheumatism
Rheumatism. Rheumatics; The Screws. Rheumatism Is A Condition Which Affects The Fibrous Tissues Of The Body, Principally Those In The Region Of Joints—the Synovial Membranes, Ligaments, And The Ends Of Bones—and Also Muscles, Tendons, And Tendon Sheaths. It Is Always Associated With A Variable Degree Of Pain, Thus Interfering Considerably ...

Rickets
Rickets Rachitis Rickets Is A Disease Of Young Animals Char Acterized By Constitutional Debility, Together With Enlargements Of The Ends Of Bones And A Diminution In Their Resistance. Animals Affected In The Order Named Are: Dogs, Pigs, Sheep, Foals, And Calves. In Lambs Occasionally A Considerable Portion Of A Flock ...

Scrapie
Scrapie Scrapie Is A Disease Peculiar To Sheep And Characterized By Intense Itchiness And Certain Nervous Symptoms. The Disease Exists In The Extreme North Of England And In The South Of Scotland, And Also In Certain Parts Of France And Germany. Careful Researches Appear To Show That It Has Been ...

Snake Bite
Snake-bite In The British Isles, And Throughout The Greater Part Of North - Western Europe, This Subject Is Of Theoretical Rather Than Of Practical Interest, Except In Certain Localized Districts Particularly Infested With Vipers, But It Attains Very Considerable Importance In Tropical And Sub-tropical Countries. In Such Warmer Countries, Snake-bite ...

Sporadic Lymphangitis In
Sporadic Lymphangitis In Big-leg; Weed; Monday-morning Disease; Gout; Inflammatory This Is An Affection Peculiar To Horses Char Acterized By An Acute Fever And Inflammation Of The Lymphatics Of One Or More Limbs. Hind Legs Are More Frequently Affected Than Fore-legs. It May Affect Any Breed Of Horses, But Is Most ...

Sporotri
Sporotri This Disease Affecting Horses Is Due To The Inoculation Of A Sporothrix Through A Wound Or Scratch. Common Seats Of Infection Are Cracked Heels, Fetlock Wounds From" Brushing, " And Harness Excoriations. The Lesions Consist Of Cutaneous Nodules, Usually Multiple. There Is No Tendency For The Nodules To Coalesce, ...

Strangles
Strangles. Febra Strangles Is An Acute Specific Contagious Disease Of Horses, Asses, And Mules, Characterized By Catarrh Of The Mucous Membranes Of The Pharynx And The Upper Air Passages, Together With Suppuration Of The Neighbouring Lymphatic Glands And Occasionally Those Of Remote Parts Of The Body. Etiology. The Lesions Of ...

Stricture Of The Pylorus
Stricture Of The Pylorus; Struction Of The Pylorus These Conditions May Occur In Any Species Of Animal But Are Not At All Common. The Cause Of Stricture Is Not Well Understood, But It Is Probably A Sequel In Most Cases To An Injury Which May Have Been Inflicted By Some ...

Surra
Surra Surra Is The Name Now In General Use To Desig Nate The Diseased Condition Produced By The Protozoal Organism Trypanosoma Evansi. The Word" Surra" Is An Adaptation Of The Hindi Word Meaning" Rotten, " Which Is One Of The Numerous Names Applied To The Disease As It Occurs In ...

Swine Erysipelas
Swine Erysipelas Synonyms.red Soldier; The Purples; Pig Measles; Rouget Du Pore (fr.); Schweineret Lauf (ger.); Ma] Rosso ( Ital.). Definition. Swine Erysipelas Is An Infectious Disease Of Swine, Caused By The Swine Erysipelas Bacillus And Characterized By High Fever, Reddish Or Purplish Patches On The Skin, And Haemorrhages On The ...

Swine Fever
Swine Fever Synonyms. Hog Cholera, Pig Typhoid, Peste Du Port (fr.), Peste Porcine ( Ital.), Schweine Pest (ger.), Peste De Los Cerdos (sp.), Svinpest (scandinavian). Definition. Swine Fever Is A Highly Contagious Febrile Disease Which Affects Swine Only, And Is Caused By A Filtrable Virus. Swine Plague Cannot Be Differentiated ...

Swine Plague
Swine Plague 1 Synonyms.pig Pneumonia Pasteurellose Du Port (fr.), Schweineseuche Definition. A Sporadic Disease Of Swine Characterized By Pneumonia And Caused By Bacillus Suisepticus (swine Plague Bacillus). Swine Plague Was First Described By Loeffler As An Independent Disease Of Swine. Salmon And Smith, Working Contemporaneously In The United States, Differentiated ...